Edward Russell, 2nd Baron Russell of Liverpool

Lord Russell

Edward Frederick Langley Russell, 2nd Baron Russell of Liverpool CBE, MC (10 April 1895 – 8 April 1981), known as Langley Russell, was a British soldier, lawyer, historian and writer.

Early life, family and educationEdit

Russell was the son of Richard Henry Langley Russell, second son of Edward Russell, 1st Baron Russell of Liverpool, and succeeded his grandfather to the title in 1920. He was educated at Liverpool College and St John's College, Cambridge (1913-1914).[1]

Military serviceEdit

World War IEdit

He left Cambridge to join the British Army soon after the outbreak of war. He served with distinction in the First World War, winning the Military Cross three times.

Legal careerEdit

He was called to the bar at Gray's Inn in 1931, but never developed a substantial practice on the Oxford circuit.[2] He developed a career in the Judge Advocate's office from the early 1930s.

World War IIEdit

He became Deputy Judge Advocate General (United Kingdom) to the British Army of the Rhine in 1945. He was one of the chief legal advisers during war-crimes proceedings, for both the Nuremberg trials and the Tokyo tribunal, held following the end of the Second World War. He was honoured with the CBE, Commander of the Order of the British Empire.

WritingsEdit

He resigned from his government post over the publication of his book The Scourge of the Swastika: A Short History of Nazi War Crimes. The Daily Express, under proprietor Lord Beaverbrook, published extracts under the heading "the book they tried to ban" in 1954, and the book became a bestseller. Russell was accused of misusing his position to profit personally from the war crimes he had investigated.

Russell followed up this work in 1958 with The Knights of Bushido: A Short History of Japanese War Crimes.

In 1959 he and Bertrand Russell, the celebrated mathematician and philosopher, sent a joint letter to The Times explaining that they were different people.

A6 murder caseEdit

Lord Russell became involved in investigating the sensational A6 murder in rural Bedfordshire in August 1961 and the long-running debate that followed it. He wrote the book Deadman's Hill: Was Hanratty Guilty? in 1965, which asserted wrongful conviction in the case. Lord Russell and his wife suffered significant harassment, in the form of frequent anonymous telephone calls, from Peter Louis Alphon, who had been an early suspect in the murder, before James Hanratty was found guilty and hanged in April 1962. Alphon was convicted and fined for this harassment, and his long-running involvement in the matter has remained controversial.[3] This case has continued to attract significant interest, with several further books, articles and television programmes investigating it, with many asserting Hanratty's wrongful conviction, and some key aspects are still unclear.

DeathEdit

Lord Russell of Liverpool died in April 1981, a few days short of his 86th birthday, and was succeeded to the barony by his grandson, as his only son Captain the Hon. Langley Gordon Haslingden Russell had predeceased him.

 
Lady Russell

WorksEdit

  • The Scourge of the swastika: A Short History of Nazi War Crimes (1954) (Also translated into Yiddish in 1956)
  • Though the Heavens Fall (1956)
  • The Knights of Bushido: A Short History of Japanese War Crimes (1958)
  • That Reminds Me (1959)
  • If I Forget Thee: The Story of a Nation's Rebirth (1960)
  • The Record; The Trial of Adolf Eichmann for His Crimes Against the Jewish People and Against Humanity (1961)
  • The Royal Conscience (1961)
  • Knight of the sword: The Life and Letters of Admiral Sir William Sidney Smith (1962)
  • The Tragedy of The Congo (1962)
  • Prisons and Prisoners in Portugal: An Independent Investigation (1963)
  • Deadman's Hill: Was Hanratty Guilty? (1965)
  • Henry of Navarre; Henry IV of France (1969)
  • The French Corsairs (1970)
  • Bernadotte: Marshal of France & King of Sweden (1981)

Books in which Edward Russell, 2nd Baron Russell of Liverpool contributed a foreword or an introduction:

  • Harvest of Hate: The Nazi Program for the Destruction of the Jews of Europe by Leon Poliakov (1954)
  • The Urge to Punish: New Approaches to the Problem of Mental Irresponsibility for Crime by Henry Weihofen (1957)
  • Forgive, But Do Not Forget by Sylvia Salvesen (1958)
  • Commandant Of Auschwitz: The Autobiography of Rudolf Hoess by Rudolf Hoess (1961)

ArmsEdit

Coat of arms of Edward Russell, 2nd Baron Russell of Liverpool
Crest
An owl wings expanded Argent beaked and legged Or resting the dexter claw and estoile Azure.
Escutcheon
Per saltire Sable and Or in chief an estoile Argent two roses in fess Gules barbed and seeded Proper and in base a thistle leaved and slipped of the second.
Supporters
On either side an owl Argent beaked and legged Or gorged with a chaplet of roses Gules leaved Vert.
Motto
More Light [4]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Russell, (Edward Frederick) Langley". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/31636. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  2. ^ "Russell, (Edward Frederick) Langley". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/31636. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  3. ^ Who Killed Hanratty?, by Paul Foot, Cape, London, 1971, ISBN 0-224-00546-4
  4. ^ Burke's Peerage. 1949.

SourcesEdit

Peerage of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Edward Richard Russell
Baron Russell of Liverpool
1920–1981
Succeeded by
Simon Gordon Jared Russell