Life and careerEdit
Jakobowski was born in Islington, London, the only son of Israel Jakobowski (born c. 1819), a salesman dealing in stationery and cigars, and his wife Fanny (born c. 1834), who were both Viennese of Polish extraction. He had an older sister, Helena (born c. 1855). At age six, he moved to Vienna, Austria, where he lived for some 15 years and was given a musical education. In the late 1870s he lived in Paris for three years. In 1881, he returned to London.
Jakobowski's most successful work by far, Erminie, opened in 1885 in London. It was revived extensively and toured internationally, playing with extraordinary success on Broadway from 1886. None of his other works had more than a short run or two, although many of them toured profitably. For two Victorian burlesques, The Three Beggars (1883) and Little Carmen (1884), Jakobowski used the pen name Edward Belville. His principal shows were Dick (1884, based on the story of Dick Whittington; libretto: Alfred Murray), Erminie (1885), The Palace of Pearl (1886), Mynheer Jan (1887; libretto: Harry Paulton), Paola (1889; libretto: Paulton), La Rosiére (1893, in one act), The Queen of Brilliants (1894; libretto: Brandon Thomas, starring Lillian Russell), The Devil's Deputy (1894; libretto: J. Cheever Goodwin), Milord Sir Smith (1898, originally titled Cumpano; libretto O'Day and Adrian Ross), Tarantella (1899; libretto: Alfred Murray) and Winsome Winnie (1903). He was one of eight composers who contributed to Pat in 1892. Two short operettas in 1893 with libretti by B. C. Stephenson, The Improvisatore and A Venetian Singer, made little impact.
Jakobowski was married twice, the second time in New York in 1895 to Clara Brown, which ended in a London divorce in 1901. In 1902, he was declared bankrupt with debts of £1,090 (£119,207 in 2020 adjusted for inflation).
- "Edward Jakobowski", England & Wales, National Probate Calendar (Index of Wills and Administrations), April–June 1929, p. 416, Ancestry.com (registration required)
- "Edward Jakobowski", 1861 England census, Ancestry.com (registration required)
- "Edward Jakobowski and Comic Opera", Kate Field's Washington, vol. 9, no. 3, pp. 300–01, 17 January 1894, accessed 24 April 2014
- Information about UK and other productions of Erminie
- IBDB entry for the original New York run.
- "Campano; or The Wandering Minstrel", The Era, 10 September 1898, p. 12
- "Tarantella in Chicago; Edward Jakobowski's New Opera Presented Successfully There", The New York Times, 18 July 1899, p. 7, accessed 25 May 2012
- Scowcroft, Philip L. "A 109th Garland of British Light Music Composers", Classical MusicWeb, accessed 25 May 2012
- The Musical Times, September 1893, p. 549 and "Things Theatrical", The Sporting Times, 11 November 1893, p. 3
- Wedding Certificate of Edward Jakobowski and Clara Brown in New York (1895), Ancestry.com (registration required)
- "Edward Jakobowski", England & Wales, Civil Divorce Records, 1858–1911 (1901), Ancestry.com (registration required)
- "Theatrical Divorce Suit", Sunderland Daily Echo and Shipping Gazette, 3 June 1899, p. 4
- UK Retail Price Index inflation figures are based on data from Clark, Gregory (2017). "The Annual RPI and Average Earnings for Britain, 1209 to Present (New Series)". MeasuringWorth. Retrieved 2 February 2020.
- "World's Survey", Western Times, 15 March 1902, p. 8
- England and Wales Civil Registration Indexes, London, England, April–June 1929, p. 376