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Edward Black (18 August 1900, Birmingham - 30 November 1948, London) was an English film producer, best known for being head of production at Gainsborough Studios in the late 1930s and early 1940s, during which time he oversaw production of the Gainsborough melodramas.[1][2] He also produced such classic films as The Lady Vanishes (1938). Black has been called "one of the unsung heroes of the British film industry."[3]

Edward Black
Born
Edward Black

(1900-08-18)18 August 1900
Died30 November 1948(1948-11-30) (aged 48)
London
NationalityEnglish
OccupationFilm producer
Years active1935 - 1948
Notable work
The Lady Varnishes

BiographyEdit

Black was the third son of George Black, a property master at the Theatre Royal, Birmingham, who became a cinema owner. George Black died in 1910 and his sons Ted, George and Alfred built up the cinema to a circuit. In 1919 they sold this and set about building up another circuit. In 1928 they sold this too - to General Theatre Corporation (GTC).

Gaumont British took over GTC and Black went to work for them. In 1928 he became a studio manager for Gainsborough Pictures. In 1930 he moved into production, and became an assistant production manager at Shepherd’s Bush and then studio manager at Islington.[4]

In 1935 he was associate producer on Tudor Rose (1936). He took over running of the Islington Studios.

In December 1936, Michael Balcon left Gaumont-British for MGM. In March 1937 Shepherd’s Bush studios and Gaumont-British Distributors were closed. However Gainsborough continued as a production center thanks to a deal with C.M. Woolf and J. Arthur Rank’s General Film Distributors. Black was in charge along with Maurice Ostrer. They made movies for Gainsborough and 20th Century Fox.[4]

Black specialized in making comedies, thrillers and low-budget musicals.[3] He had a lot of success making comedy vehicles for stars such as Will Hay and Arthur Askey. He also produced early films from Carol Reed and Alfred Hitchcock and was an early supporter of writer directors Sidney Gilliat and Frank Laundner.[5]

In the words of one writer, Black "held the studio together during its most difficult period, backed Laundner and Gilliat in establishing a strong script department, retained the services of some of the best cameramen in the business, and put under contract a number of promising actors."[3] In the 1940s Black helped produce the first Gainsborough melodramas an enormously successful series of movies which made stars of James Mason, Stewart Granger and Phyllis Calvert, and increased the popularity of Margaret Lockwood.

Black's relationship with Maurice Ostrer was not always easy and he also clashed with the Rank Organisation when they took over Gainsborough. In 1944 Black left Gainsborough to join Alexander Korda.

Black died of lung cancer in November 1948, shortly after the premiere of his last film, the disastrous Bonnie Prince Charlie (1948).

Partial filmographyEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Gainsborough Pictures at BFI Screenonline
  2. ^ "Edward Black". BFI.
  3. ^ a b c Realism and Tinsel: Cinema and Society in Britain 1939-48 By Robert Murphy p34
  4. ^ a b Edward Black Archived 2016-04-14 at the Wayback Machine at Britmovie
  5. ^ The final reel The Guardian (1959-2003) [London (UK)] 27 Sep 2003: B19
  6. ^ a b Walker, Michael (2005). Hitchcock's Motifs. Amsterdam University Press. p. 440. ISBN 9789053567739.
  7. ^ Reid, John Howard (2009). Film Noir, Detective and Mystery Movies on DVD: A Guide to the Best in Suspense. p. 100. ISBN 9781435730106.
  8. ^ Evans, Peter William (2005). Carol Reed. Manchester University Press. p. 175. ISBN 9780719063664.
  9. ^ a b Moss, R (2016). Films of Carol Reed. Springer. p. 288. ISBN 9781349075010.

External linksEdit