Open main menu

Edmunds County, South Dakota

Edmunds County is a county in the U.S. state of South Dakota. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 4,071.[1] Its county seat is Ipswich.[2] The county was established in 1873 and organized in 1883.[3] It is named for Newton Edmunds, second Governor of Dakota Territory.[4]

Edmunds County
Historic Bank Of Bowdle.
Map of South Dakota highlighting Edmunds County
Location within the U.S. state of South Dakota
Map of the United States highlighting South Dakota
South Dakota's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 45°25′N 99°13′W / 45.41°N 99.21°W / 45.41; -99.21
Country United States
State South Dakota
Founded1873 (founded)
1883 (organized)
Named forNewton Edmunds
SeatIpswich
Largest cityIpswich
Area
 • Total1,151 sq mi (2,980 km2)
 • Land1,126 sq mi (2,920 km2)
 • Water25 sq mi (60 km2)  2.2%
Population
 (2010)
 • Total4,071
 • Estimate 
(2018)
3,875
 • Density3.5/sq mi (1.4/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional districtAt-large
Websiteedmunds.sdcounties.org

Edmunds County is part of the Aberdeen, SD Micropolitan Statistical Area.

GeographyEdit

The terrain of Edmunds County consists of rolling hills, mostly dedicated to agriculture. The terrain's highest point is on the west portion of the north boundary line, at 1,978' (603m) ASL.[5] The county has a total area of 1,151 square miles (2,980 km2), of which 1,126 square miles (2,920 km2) is land and 25 square miles (65 km2) (2.2%) is water.[6]

Major highwaysEdit

Adjacent countiesEdit

Protected areasEdit

  • Bowdle-Hosmer State Game Production Area[7]
  • Heilman State Game Production Area[8]
  • Hosmer State Game Production Area[9]
  • Light State Game Production Area
  • Losee State Game Production Area
  • Mina Lake State Recreation Area[10]
  • Mina State Game Production Area
  • North Scatterwood State Game Production Area
  • Rosette State Game Production Area
  • Schaber State Game Production Area
  • Shaner State Game Production Area
  • Steigelmier State Game Production Area[11]

LakesEdit

  • Alkali Lake
  • Bowdle-Hosmer Lake
  • Grass Lake
  • Lake Parmley
  • North Scatterwood Lake (partial)

DemographicsEdit

Census Pop.
18904,399
19004,91611.8%
19107,65455.7%
19208,3368.9%
19308,7124.5%
19407,814−10.3%
19507,275−6.9%
19606,079−16.4%
19705,548−8.7%
19805,159−7.0%
19904,356−15.6%
20004,3670.3%
20104,071−6.8%
Est. 20183,875[12]−4.8%
US Decennial Census[13]
1790-1960[14] 1900-1990[15]
1990-2000[16] 2010-2018[1]

2000 censusEdit

In the 2000 census,[17] there were 4,367 people, 1,681 households and 1,210 families in the county. The population density was 4 per square mile (1/km²). There were 2,022 housing units at an average density of 2 per square mile (1/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 99.20% White, 0.07% Black or African American, 0.25% Native American, 0.09% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.05% from other races, and 0.32% from two or more races. 0.48% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 69.4% were of German and 6.2% Norwegian ancestry.

There were 1,681 households of which 31.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 64.90% were married couples living together, 4.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.00% were non-families. 25.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 3.04.

The county population contained 26.70% of the population under the age of 18, 5.10% from 18 to 24, 23.30% from 25 to 44, 22.70% from 45 to 64, and 22.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females, there were 97.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.30 males.

The median household income was $32,205 and the median family income was $37,174. Males had a median income of $26,609 and females $18,080. The per capita income was $16,149. About 10.40% of families and 13.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.80% of those under age 18 and 14.00% of those age 65 or over.

2010 censusEdit

At the 2010 census, there were 4,071 people, 1,607 households and 1,057 families residing in the county.[18] The population density was 3.6 per square mile (1.4/km2). There were 1,966 housing units at an average density of 1.7 per square mile (0.66/km2).[19] The racial makeup of the county was 97.8% white, 0.4% American Indian, 0.1% black or African American, 0.1% Asian, 0.5% from other races, and 1.0% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.4% of the population.[18] In terms of ancestry, 70.8% were German, 11.4% were Norwegian, 10.1% were Russian, 5.9% were English and 2.4% were American.[20]

Of the 1,607 households, 26.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.9% were married couples living together, 4.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 34.2% were non-families, and 31.0% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.27 and the average family size was 2.84. The median age was 45.7 years.[18]

The median household income was $47,026 and the median family income was $56,599. Males had a median income of $37,713 and females $26,287. The per capita income was $24,268. About 6.9% of families and 11.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.0% of those under age 18 and 13.6% of those age 65 or over.[21]

Notable eventsEdit

Edmunds County is where the Learjet of PGA golfer Payne Stewart crashed, killing him and five others on board. The plane crashed just south of the community of Mina at the approximate coordinates of 45°25' N 98°45' W.

CommunitiesEdit

PoliticsEdit

Edmunds County voters have long been reliably Republican. Since 1936, in only three elections has the county selected the Democratic Party candidate.

Presidential election results
Presidential elections results[25]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 74.7% 1,433 19.8% 380 5.5% 105
2012 65.3% 1,264 32.1% 622 2.6% 50
2008 58.4% 1,213 39.5% 819 2.1% 44
2004 64.2% 1,434 34.2% 765 1.6% 35
2000 63.3% 1,257 34.0% 676 2.7% 53
1996 45.7% 1,055 42.1% 973 12.2% 282
1992 41.8% 944 39.6% 894 18.7% 422
1988 51.1% 1,327 48.4% 1,259 0.5% 13
1984 60.4% 1,553 39.2% 1,007 0.4% 10
1980 64.6% 1,881 30.3% 883 5.2% 150
1976 44.1% 1,294 55.6% 1,629 0.3% 9
1972 48.7% 1,567 51.2% 1,646 0.1% 3
1968 52.2% 1,534 41.7% 1,225 6.2% 181
1964 45.8% 1,442 54.2% 1,708
1960 51.8% 1,728 48.2% 1,609
1956 51.6% 1,685 48.4% 1,580
1952 68.3% 2,178 31.8% 1,013
1948 54.0% 1,493 45.3% 1,253 0.7% 19
1944 64.7% 1,762 35.3% 961
1940 61.9% 2,341 38.1% 1,443
1936 46.8% 1,818 52.2% 2,030 1.0% 40
1932 30.8% 1,183 67.5% 2,588 1.7% 65
1928 52.0% 1,743 47.6% 1,597 0.5% 15
1924 42.4% 1,043 11.3% 277 46.4% 1,141
1920 60.4% 1,486 11.5% 283 28.2% 693
1916 55.5% 894 39.3% 634 5.2% 84
1912 0.0% 0 49.1% 729 50.9% 755
1908 50.1% 726 45.4% 658 4.4% 64
1904 65.9% 786 29.6% 353 4.5% 54
1900 52.0% 621 46.3% 553 1.8% 21
1896 41.8% 371 57.4% 510 0.8% 7
1892 44.2% 386 17.9% 156 37.9% 331

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 7, 2011. Retrieved November 25, 2013.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on July 4, 2012. Retrieved 7 June 2011.
  3. ^ "Dakota Territory, South Dakota, and North Dakota: Individual County Chronologies". Dakota Territory Atlas of Historical County Boundaries. The Newberry Library. 2006. Retrieved March 29, 2015.
  4. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 115.
  5. ^ "Find an Altitude" Google Maps (accessed 2 February 2019)
  6. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". US Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved March 24, 2015.
  7. ^ Bowdle-Hosmer Public Shooting Area, Bowdle SD Google Maps (accessed 2 February 2019)
  8. ^ Heilman State Public Shooting Area, Bowdle SD Google Maps (accessed 2 February 2019)
  9. ^ Hosmer State Public Shooting Area, Hosmer SD Google Maps (accessed 2 February 2019)
  10. ^ Mina Lake State Recreation Area Google Maps (accessed 2 February 2019)
  11. ^ Steigelmier State Public Shooting Area, Onaka SD Google Maps (accessed 2 February 2019)
  12. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved May 11, 2019.
  13. ^ "US Decennial Census". US Census Bureau. Archived from the original on April 26, 2015. Retrieved March 24, 2015.
  14. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved March 24, 2015.
  15. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". US Census Bureau. Retrieved March 24, 2015.
  16. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). US Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved March 24, 2015.
  17. ^ "American FactFinder". US Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved May 14, 2011.
  18. ^ a b c "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". US Census Bureau. Retrieved March 11, 2016.
  19. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". US Census Bureau. Retrieved March 11, 2016.
  20. ^ "Selected Social Characteristics in the US – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". US Census Bureau. Retrieved March 11, 2016.
  21. ^ "Selected Economic Characteristics – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". US Census Bureau. Retrieved March 11, 2016.
  22. ^ Craven SD Google Maps (accessed 2 February 2019)
  23. ^ Gretna SD Google Maps (accessed 2 February 2019)
  24. ^ Plainview Colony SD Google Maps (accessed 2 February 2019)
  25. ^ Leip, David. "Atlas of US Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 15 April 2018.

Coordinates: 45°25′N 99°13′W / 45.41°N 99.21°W / 45.41; -99.21