Edmund Mortimer, 2nd Baron Mortimer of Wigmore

Edmund Mortimer, 2nd Baron Mortimer of Wigmore (c.1251 – 17 July 1304)[1] was the second son and eventual heir of Roger Mortimer, 1st Baron Mortimer of Wigmore. His mother was Maud de Braose.

Edmund Mortimer
Baron Mortimer of Wigmore
Bornc.1251
Died17 July 1304
Wigmore Castle
BuriedWigmore Abbey
Noble familyMortimer
Spouse(s)Margaret de Fiennes
Issue
Roger Mortimer, 1st Earl of March
Matilda Mortimer
John Mortimer
Walter Mortimer
Edmund Mortimer
Hugh Mortimer
FatherRoger Mortimer, 1st Baron Mortimer
Mother Maud de Braose
Arms of Mortimer: Barry or and azure, on a chief of the first two pallets between two base esquires of the second over all an inescutcheon argent

LifeEdit

As a younger son, Edmund had been intended for clerical or monastic life, and had been sent to study at Oxford University. He was made Treasurer of York in 1265. By 1268 he is recorded as studying theology in the house of the Archbishop of York. King Henry III of England showed favour by supplementing his diet with the luxury of venison. The sudden death of his elder brother, Ralph, in 1274,[2] made him heir to the family estates; yet he continued to study at Oxford. But his father's death eventually forced his departure.

Edmund returned to the March in 1282 as the new Baron Mortimer of Wigmore and immediately became involved in Welsh Marches politics. Together with his brother Roger Mortimer, 1st Baron Mortimer of Chirk, John Giffard, and Roger Lestrange, he devised a plan to trap his kinsman Llywelyn ap Gruffudd. Edmund sent a message to Llywelyn, telling him he was coming to his aid and arranged to meet with him at Builth. At Orewin Bridge the Welsh prince became separated from his army. Edmund's brothers secretly forded the river behind Llywelyn's army and surprised the Welsh. In the resulting Battle of Orewin Bridge Llywelyn was killed and beheaded. Edmund then sent his brother Roger to present Llywelyn's severed head to King Edward I of England at Rhuddlan Castle. The head was displayed on the Tower of London as a warning to all rebels.[3]

In return for his services Edmund was knighted by King Edward I at Winchester in 1283. He served in the king's Scottish campaigns, and returned to fight in Wales. He was mortally wounded in a skirmish near Builth and died at Wigmore Castle on 17 July 1304.

Marriage and issueEdit

In September 1285, he married Margaret de Fiennes, the daughter of William II de Fiennes and Blanche de Brienne (herself the granddaughter of John of Brienne by his third wife Berenguela of Leon), the family entering the blood royal. Their surviving children were:

They also had two daughters who became nuns; Elizabeth and Joan.[4]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 'M Prestwich, The Three Edwards' (2003)
  2. ^ J. J. Crump, ‘Mortimer, Roger (III) de, lord of Wigmore (1231–1282)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004.
  3. ^ M Prestwich,(1), 13–14.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g Sir Bernard Burke. A genealogical history of the dormant, abeyant, forfeited, and extinct peerages of the British empire, Harrison, 1866. p. 384. Google eBook
  5. ^ Charles Lynam, F.S.A. - The Abbey of St. Mary, Croxden, Staffordshire (1911, London, Sprague & Co., Limited, 4 & 5 East Harding Street, E.C.). Page v. Text (a translation) reads: 1302 Sir Theobald de Verdun heir of Sir Theobald son of John de Verdun married Matilda daughter of Sir Edmund Mortimer at Wigmore 29th July.
  6. ^ Richardson IV 2011, pp. 252, 255.

External linksEdit

BibliographyEdit

  • Mortimer, Ian. The Greatest Traitor: The Life of Sir Roger Mortimer, 1st Earl of March, Ruler of England 1327–1330, (Jonathan Cape, London 2003).
  • Cokayne, G. E. The Complete Peerage of Great Britain and Ireland of titles extinct, abeyant, and dormant, 14 vols (London, 1910–37).
  • Prestwich, M, The Three Edwards: War and State in England, 1272–1377, London, 2003.
  • Prestwich, M, Plantagenet England, 1265–1399 London, 2005.
  • Richardson, Douglas (2011). Everingham, Kimball G. (ed.). Magna Carta Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families. IV (2nd ed.). Salt Lake City. ISBN 1460992709.
Peerage of England
Preceded by
Baron Mortimer of Wigmore
1282–1304
Succeeded by
Roger Mortimer
created Earl of March