Edlesborough

Edlesborough is a village and civil parish in the Aylesbury Vale district of Buckinghamshire, England. Edlesborough is also next to the village of Eaton Bray just over the county boundary in Bedfordshire, about 3 miles (5 km) west-south-west of Dunstable.

Edlesborough
Edeslborough-St Mary the Virgin.jpg
St Mary the Virgin parish church
Edlesborough is located in Buckinghamshire
Edlesborough
Edlesborough
Location within Buckinghamshire
Population2,754 (2011 Census)[1]
Civil parish
  • Edlesborough
Unitary authority
Ceremonial county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townDunstable
Postcode districtLU6
Dialling code01525
PoliceThames Valley
FireBuckinghamshire
AmbulanceSouth Central
UK Parliament
WebsiteEdlesborough Parish Council
List of places
UK
England
Buckinghamshire
51°51′55″N 0°35′14″W / 51.8653°N 0.5872°W / 51.8653; -0.5872Coordinates: 51°51′55″N 0°35′14″W / 51.8653°N 0.5872°W / 51.8653; -0.5872

As well as the village of Edlesborough itself, the civil parish also includes the hamlets of Dagnall, Northall and part of Ringshall. Hudnall was transferred in 1885 to the parish of Little Gaddesden in Hertfordshire.[2]

ToponymEdit

The village toponym is derived from the Old English for "Eadwulf's barrow".[3] The Domesday Book of 1086 records it as Eddinberge.[4]

Parish churchEdit

 
The wall paintings in the nave of St Mary's Church

The Church of England parish church of St Mary the Virgin is built on top of a barrow and its high 14th-century bell tower is a local landmark.[5] The church has been redundant since 1975, when the ecclesiastical parish merged with that of Eaton Bray. Today church is in the care of the Churches Conservation Trust, and it is normally opern to visitors.[6]

The earliest parts of the church date from the 13th century. A chantry was added in 1338 and the tower in 1340. The closeness of these construction dates indicates how rich Edlesborough parish was at the time.[citation needed] Much of the church was altered in the 15th century, including the chantry, which has given the church a very 15th century character.[7][8]

Thomas Cobhambury appears as vicar of Edlisburgh in 1413.[9]

On 28 March 1824 the tower was struck by lightning, setting it on fire. The lead of the roof melted, and the molten lead set fire to everything it struck. Villagers fought the fire, which burnt for 12 hours until it was extinguished.[7]

FurnishingsEdit

The 15th-century rood screen, pulpit with tester and timber roofs are all notable. In the 15th century six misericords were added to the choir stalls. These include carvings of a bat, a dragon and a mermaid. The misericord of the dragon also has some frog carvings for its supporters. There are some notable brasses.[7][10] The church underwent two major restorations overseen by the architect Robert Jewell Withers in 1867 and 1875. In the first restoration, box pews were replaced with pine benches, a gallery was removed from the west, the rood screen was painted, and a large wall painting was added to the nave wall by the Arts and Crafts artist Daniel Bell, depicting Christ enthroned in Majesty. The 1875 restoration of the chancel was funded by a donation from Adelbert Brownlow-Cust, 3rd Earl Brownlow of Ashridge.[7][11]

A more modern addition is a 2-light stained glass window on the theme of the Nativity by M. E. Aldrich Rope, also in an Arts and Crafts style.[12]

Economic and social historyEdit

The village was once a centre for the straw plait industry.[citation needed] RAF Edlesborough was a radio station near Dagnall.

AmenitiesEdit

Edlesborough School is a community primary school.[13] It serves the 4–11 age range and has about 250 pupils.

The nearest secondary school is The Cottesloe School in Wing.

The village green has two football pitches, one enclosed tennis court and a cricket square. There is a small playing area for children.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Area: Edlesborough (Parish), Key Figures for 2011 Census: Key Statistics". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 3 February 2013.
  2. ^ Vision of Britain: Edlesborough Relationships Archived 2007-09-30 at the Wayback Machine
  3. ^ http://kepn.nottingham.ac.uk/map/place/Buckinghamshire/Edlesborough
  4. ^ Page 1925, pp. 350–361.
  5. ^ Friends of the Church on the Hill
  6. ^ "St Mary's Church, Edlesborough, Buckinghamshire". Complete List of Our Churches. Churches Conservation Trust. Retrieved 19 April 2011.
  7. ^ a b c d "800 years of History". Friends of St Mary's, the Church on the Hill. Retrieved 6 August 2020.
  8. ^ Historic England. "Church of St Mary the Virgin, Edlesborough (1117908)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 6 August 2020.
  9. ^ Plea Rolls of the Court of Common Pleas; 7th entry in http://aalt.law.uh.edu/AALT4/H5/CP40no609/aCP40no609fronts/IMG_0287.htm
  10. ^ Betjeman, John, ed. (1968). Collins Pocket Guide to English Parish Churches. The South. London: Collins. p. 127.
  11. ^ "Angel wall painting in St Mary's - Daniel Bell". Google Arts & Culture. Retrieved 6 August 2020.
  12. ^ Arthur, Rope. "List of works by Margaret Edith Rope ("Tor")". Margaret Agnes Rope, Margaret Edith Rope: Stained Glass Artists in the Arts & Crafts movement. Retrieved 18 August 2013.
  13. ^ Edlesborough School

SourcesEdit

External linksEdit