EdisonLearning Inc., formerly known as Edison Schools Inc., is a for-profit education management organization for public schools in the United States and the United Kingdom. Edison is based in Fort Lauderdale, Florida.

PredecessorEdison Project
Founded1992; 29 years ago (1992)
FounderChris Whittle
HeadquartersFort Lauderdale, Florida[1]
Area served
Key people
Thom Jackson, CEO

Edison primarily contracts with school districts on the basis of performance partnerships, alliances, and charter school establishment. In 2015, Edison managed schools enrolling 10,417 students on a vendor operated school basis.[2]:86


The company was founded in 1992 as the Edison Project, largely the brainchild of Chris Whittle. The expansion of Edison included the involvement of Tom Ingram (campaign manager and chief of staff to Lamar Alexander, who was a former Governor of Tennessee and United States Secretary of Education 1991–1993), Benno C. Schmidt, Jr., John Chubb (political scientist from the Hoover and Brookings Institutions), and Chester E. Finn, Jr. (assistant secretary of education to former presidents Reagan and George H. W. Bush). It was founded around the idea of school vouchers.

Approach to educationEdit

Edison claimed that it could run public schools for less money than school districts could, and that it would improve student achievement while making a profit for its shareholders. Edison attracted ideological support from backers of privatization and school vouchers, including The Wall Street Journal[3] and the Hoover Institution.[4]

In 2008, the company announced the acquisition of the education software company Provost Systems, based in Santa Clara, California, which was renamed EdisonLearning.[5]

In 2013, the NAHT.[6][dead link] (National Association of Head Teachers - a trade union and professional association representing more than 28,500 members in England, Wales and Northern Ireland), in partnership with EdisonLearningUK, developed the Aspire Pilot Programme for schools judged as Satisfactory or Requires Improvement by Ofsted.[7][dead link]

By 2014, EdisonLearning’s educational service offerings had moved well beyond the management of charter schools, to include virtual and blending learning, and dropout recovery and prevention centers. Throughout its history, EdisonLearning has provided educational services to 474 school partnerships in 32 states.[8][dead link]

Expansion and contractionEdit

Edison's stock was publicly traded on the NASDAQ for four years. The company reported only one profitable quarter while it was publicly traded.[9] After reaching a high of close to USD$40 per share in early 2001, shares fell to 14 cents. Also in 2001, the Securities and Exchange Commission charged that Edison failed to disclose that as much as 41 percent of its revenue that year consisted of money that it never saw: $154 million. By 2002, Edison was courting Roger Milliken for a possible bailout. The company was eventually taken private in 2003, in a buyout facilitated by Liberty Partners on behalf of the Florida Retirement System, which handles pension investments for the state's public school teachers; The deal valued the company at $180 million[10] or $1.76 per share.[11]

After losing many contracts,[12] Edison diversified away from the management of public schools and into marketing conventional supplemental services such as testing, summer school and tutoring. Most of its new business involves providing such services rather than trying to manage schools.[13]

In 2008, the School District of Philadelphia, Edison's largest single client with 20 schools (Edison was originally planned to take over the entire district), later announced plans to dismiss the company as a manager, noting that it and other private firms would be eligible to reapply.[14] By June 18 that year, Philadelphia's School Reform Commission voted to seize six schools from outside contractors— four of them run by Edison— citing lack of improvement.[15]

In 2011, former Los Angeles Lakers star Earvin "Magic" Johnson announced that he was partnering with EdisonLearning to set up dropout prevention and recovery centers for high school-age students who have already left school or are at risk of leaving and want to earn a standard high school diploma. The centers would be called "Magic Johnson Bridgescape Academies."[16]

In 2014, Thom Jackson bought the company. Jackson serves as Chief Executive Officer and President at EdisonLearning, Inc. Jackson had served as Chief Operating and Legal Officer at EdisonLearning, Inc.


Edison's educational and financial performance has been the subject of criticism. Despite initial promises of costs reductions, client districts reported higher costs for their Edison schools.[17] Edison's claims about academic improvement failed to live up to the company's promises. A July 2002 New York Times analysis of Edison's claims found that the troubled Cleveland, Ohio, school system achieved higher gains than Edison's schools when analyzed with the methodology Edison applied to its own schools' achievement.[18]

In the period the failure of Edison Schools to revolutionize education became apparent, supporters of privatized education have criticized Whittle's for entering contracts with public school districts rather than setting up completely private schools.[19]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "Contact". EdisonLearning. Retrieved July 6, 2019. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  2. ^ Woodworth, James L (2017). "Charter Management Organizations 2017" (PDF). Center for Research on Education Outcomes. Archived from the original (PDF) on 17 January 2018. Retrieved 23 January 2018. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  3. ^ "Holier Than the Children: Big-city liberals put teachers unions first". The Wall Street Journal Online. Retrieved 2008-02-16. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  4. ^ "Hoover Institution - Education Next - The Philadelphia Experiment". Archived from the original on 2008-05-21. Retrieved 2008-02-16. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  5. ^ Gewertz, Catherine (2008-07-15). "Edison Schools Retools Itself as Online-Learning Provider". Education Week. Retrieved 2021-04-19.
  6. ^ "http://nahtaspire.co.uk/naht-aspire/pilot-programme/". External link in |title= (help); Missing or empty |url= (help)
  7. ^ "http://nahtaspire.co.uk/naht-aspire/pilot-programme/". External link in |title= (help); Missing or empty |url= (help)
  8. ^ "http://www.edisonlearning.com/solutions.php". External link in |title= (help); Missing or empty |url= (help)
  9. ^ "Business: Legislators, teachers balk at deal for Edison Schools". St. Petersburg Times. Retrieved 2008-02-16. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  10. ^ "Edison buyout draws Ire in Florida. - Free Online Library". Retrieved 2008-02-16. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  11. ^ "Edison Schools accepts buyout". Archived from the original on 2007-07-15. Retrieved 2008-02-16. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  12. ^ Cancelled Edison Contracts
  13. ^ "Parents Advocating School Accountability Edison Page". Retrieved 2008-02-16. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  14. ^ "Plan would bolster troubled city schools". The Philadelphia Inquirer. 2008-02-15. Archived from the original on 2008-05-21. Retrieved 2008-02-16. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  15. ^ Kristen A. Graham (June 18, 2008). "Six Philly schools returning to district in blow to private operators". The Philadelphia Inquirer.
  16. ^ "Magic Johnson Gets in the Education Game". NBC Los Angeles. Retrieved 2021-04-19.
  17. ^ "How Edison Survived". The Nation. Retrieved 2008-02-16. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  18. ^ Jacques Steinberg and Diana B. Henriques, Complex Calculations on Academics, The New York Times, July 16, 2002
  19. ^ Glassman, James K. (2005-09-07). "An Entrepreneur Goes to School". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 2008-02-16. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)