Edinburgh District (rugby union)

Edinburgh District was a select provincial amateur rugby union team that drew its players mainly from the Edinburgh area, as well as others from the rest of east central Scotland; roughly corresponding to the old Lothian regional council area. Historically the Edinburgh District team played matches against touring teams visiting Scotland from abroad, and also competed in the Scottish Inter-District Championship.

Edinburgh District
Full nameEdinburgh District
Foundedamateur 1872; 149 years ago (1872)
professional 1996; 25 years ago (1996)
LocationEdinburgh, Scotland
Rugby football current event.svg Current season

The Edinburgh District rugby union team was founded in 1872. The team played the world's first inter-district match that year against Glasgow District rugby union team.

The amateur Edinburgh District side evolved into the professional Edinburgh Rugby side in 1996; one year after rugby union allowed professionalism in 1995.

FormationEdit

The Edinburgh District side was formed in 1872 to play against a Glasgow District side.

The teams met on 23 November 1872 at Burnbank Park and Edinburgh won 1 drop goal – 0 in a 20-a-side fixture. This is the oldest inter-district match in the world and to mark this the current Glasgow Warriors and Edinburgh Rugby sides play for the 1872 Cup every year.

The first Edinburgh team in 1872:[1]

 Backs:  A. Ross (Wanderers), J. Patullo (Craigmount), Thomas Roger Marshall (Edinburgh Academicals), W. St. Clair Grant (Craigmount), J. Junor (Royal High School), James Andrew Whitelock Mein (Edinburgh Academicals), and E. Thew (Merchistonians)
 Forwards:  Francis Moncreiff (captain), R. W. Irvine, E. M. Bannerman, James Finlay (Edinburgh Academicals), Angus Buchanan, Alexander Petrie, and M. Sanderson (Royal High School), Charles Cathcart and John Lisle Hall MacFarlane (Edinburgh University), Tom Whittington (Merchistonians), Benjamin Blyth II (Merchistonians), J. Forsyth and A. R. Stewart (Wanderers)

Selection of representative playersEdit

Often to aid the selection process of Edinburgh District's players a trial match was played.

In Edinburgh's case a trial match of hopefuls were divided into Stripes and Plain teams, so the players could impress the selectors.[2]

Early historyEdit

The Glasgow v Edinburgh district fixture was more or less played annually. The first 15 a side match was played in 1876. Edinburgh won the first fixtures and it wasn't until 1881 that Glasgow won at the thirteenth attempt. Glasgow then held dominance till 1887 when once more Edinburgh won again. From the 1880s to the close of the 1890s Edinburgh won a total of only four times in 20-years. The tide turned back in Edinburgh's favour in 1898. With only a solitary Glasgow win in 1905, Edinburgh held sway until 1914.[3]

The games were postponed during the First World War period. After 50-years at Burnbank - the West of Scotland ground in Woodlands, Glasgow – the Glasgow v Edinburgh fixture moved to Glasgow Academical's ground at Anniesland, Glasgow, in 1922. This move prompted yet another shift in balance as Glasgow once again became the dominant force of the two districts.

Touring sidesEdit

Edinburgh often played matches against international and non-international touring teams. Occasionally both Glasgow and Edinburgh would field joint teams against the international touring teams.

Scottish Inter-District ChampionshipEdit

Two other Scottish districts South and North and Midlands had also been formed and there was regular matches between the four Scottish districts as well as against the touring sides.

The Scottish Inter-District Championship was established in the 1953–54 season. The Glasgow District, Edinburgh, South and North and Midlands sides would play off to see which district was best in Scotland. Occasionally London Scottish or an Anglo-Scots team was also invited into this championship.

Effect of professionalismEdit

With the advent of professionalism in 1995, the Scottish Rugby Union realised that not even the best semi-professional Scottish club teams could compete in the new Professional Era in rugby union, which was beginning to gain great momentum in the professional leagues of the Southern Hemisphere and the Northern Hemisphere.

In an attempt to stay in touch with the leading nations the SRU formed four professional teams out of the four amateur districts of Scotland in 1996. It was these newly professional teams that would represent Scotland in the Heineken Cup and in the Celtic League. The amateur Edinburgh District side was to become the professional Edinburgh Rugby side.

For the subsequent history of the professional Edinburgh rugby district team from 1996, see Edinburgh rugby.

HonoursEdit

Season standingsEdit

Inter-CityEdit

Inter-City No Inter-City played

Glasgow score given first. ᵜ Previous to 1876 only goals counted; tries were ignored in the result.

Scoreline key:

Glasgow win Edinburgh win Draw
Twice a season matchesEdit
Season Date Score Report Notes Date Score Report Notes
1872-73 23 Nov 1872 0 - 1dg Report XX a side 15 Jan 1873 0 - 1 gl, 2tr Detail XX a side
1873-74 6 Dec 1873 0 - 0 Report XX a side 24 Jan 1874 0 - 1 tr ᵜ Report XX a side
1874-75 5 Dec 1874 0 - 0 Report XX a side 20 Feb 1875 0 - 0 Report XX a side
1875-76 18 Dec 1875 0 - 0 Report XX a side 29 Jan 1876 0 - 0 Report XV a side
Annual matchesEdit
Season Date Score Report Notes
1876-77 2 Dec 1876 0 - 1tr Report XV a side from now on
1877-78 1 Dec 1877 0 - 1dg Report
1878-79 no match; 9 weeks of frost
1879-80 20 Dec 1879 1gl - 1gl Report
1880-81 4 Dec 1880 0 - 1gl, 2 trl Report
1881-82 3 Dec 1881 1gl, 1tr - 1tr Report
1882-83 2 Dec 1882 1gl, 1 tr - 0 Report
1883-84 1 Dec 1883 1tr - 1gl, 2tr Report
1884-85 6 Dec 1884 1gl - 1tr Report
1885-86 5 Dec 1885 1gl, 1tr - 2tr Report Hampden Park
1886-87 4 Dec 1886 1tr - 0 Report
1887-88 3 Dec 1887 0 - 2gl, 3tr Report
1888-89 1 Dec 1888 1gl - 0 Report
1889-90 7 Dec 1889 0 - 1dg Report
1890-91 6 Dec 1890 1gl, 5tr - 2tr Report
1891-92 5 Dec 1891 1dg, 1tr - 1tr Report
1892-93 17 Dec 1892 1gl, 1tr - 3tr Report
1893-94 16 Dec 1893 2gl, 2tr - 0 Report
1894-95 1 Dec 1894 2 gl - 2 tr Report
1895-96 7 Dec 1895 0 - 0 Report
1896-97 5 Dec 1896 1tr - 0 Report
1897-98 4 Dec 1897 1pg, 1tr - 1gl Report
1898-99 3 Dec 1898 1dg, 3tr - 0 Report
1899-1900 2 Dec 1899 1pg - 3tr Report
1900-01 1 Dec 1900 0 - 2gl, 3tr Report
1901-02 7 Dec 1901 0 - 2gl, 2tr Report
1902-03 13 Dec 1902 0 - 0 Report
1903-04 5 Dec 1903 0 - 2gl, 5tr Report
1904-05 3 Dec 1904 1tr - 2tr Report
1905-06 2 Dec 1905 1gl, 2tr - 1tr Report
1906-07 1 Dec 1906 0 - 0 Report
1907-08 7 Dec 1907 0 - 0 Report
1908-09 5 Dec 1908 1gl, 1tr - 1tr Report
1909-10 18 Dec 1909 1gl, 2tr - 2gl, 2tr Report
1910-11 3 Dec 1910 1gl - 4gl, 2tr Report
1911-12 2 Dec 1911 2tr - 3gl, 2tr Report
1912-13 7 Dec 1912 1pg, 1tr - 2gl, 1tr Report
1913-14 6 Dec 1913 1dg - 1dg Report
1914-19 no matches; war years
1919-20 6 Dec 1919 1pg - 2gl, 3tr Report
1920-21 4 Dec 1920 1pg, 1tr - 1gl, 2tr Report
1921-22 3 Dec 1921 1gl, 1tr - 1pg Report
1922-23 2 Dec 1922 1gl, 1tr - 1gl, 4tr Report Old Anniesland
1923-24 1 Dec 1923 1plg - 1plg Report
1924-25 6 Dec 1924 4gl, 3tr - 2tr Report
1925-26 Report Report no match; frost
1926-27 4 Dec 1926 3tr - 3gl, 1p, 1tr Report
1927-28 3 Dec 1927 1p - 1gl, 1tr, 1p Report
1928-29 1 Dec 1928 1g, 1d, 2p, 1tr - 3g, 1t Report
1929-30 7 Dec 1929 1gl, 5tr - 1gl, 1tr Report
1930-31 6 Dec 1930 3tr - 2p Report
1931-32 5 Dec 1931 2tr - 1gl, 1p, 1tr Report
1932-33 3 Dec 1932 1gl, 1tr - 1gl, 4tr Report
1933-34 2 Dec 1933 1gl, 1tr - 1p, 4tr Report
1934-35 1 Dec 1934 1tr - 0 Report
1935-36 7 Dec 1935 4gl, 3tr - 0 Report
1936-37 5 Dec 1936 1gl, 1p, 1tr - 1p Report
1937-38 4 Dec 1937 4gl, 3p - 1p, 1tr Report
1938-39 3 Dec 1938 2p, 1tr - 1dg, 3p, 1tr Report
1939-45 no matches; war years
1945-46 1 Dec 1945 1tr - 5gl,1p, 2tr Report
1946-47 7 Dec 1946 3tr - 4gl, 3tr Report
1947-48 6 Dec 1947 2dg, 1tr - 1gl, 1tr Report
1948-49 4 Dec 1948 2p, 1tr - 1p Report
1949-50 3 Dec 1949 0 - 1gl, 1p Report
1950-51 2 Dec 1950 1gl, 1p, 1tr - 1p Report
1951-52 1 Dec 1951 2tr - 1tr Report
1952-53 13 Dec 1952 1g, 2p, 1t - 2g, 1t Report

Scottish Inter-District ChampionshipEdit

The Inter-City match was then incorporated into the Scottish Inter-District Championship. For Glasgow's professional championship results from 1996 see Glasgow Warriors; for results of later Glasgow - Edinburgh matches see 1872 Cup.

Scottish Inter-District Championship
Season Pos Pld W D L F A +/- BP Pts Notes
1953–54 1st 3 3 0 0 53 18 +35 - 6
1954–55 3rd 3 1 1 1 23 17 +6 - 3
1955–56 2nd 3 1 2 0 30 9 +21 - 4
1956–57 1st= 3 2 0 1 36 28 +8 - 4 Shared with South
1957–58 1st= 3 2 1 0 42 23 +19 - 5 Shared with South
1958–59 1st= 3 2 0 1 20 24 -4 - 4 Shared with South
1959–60 1st= 3 2 0 1 31 35 -4 - 4 Shared with South & North and Midlands
1960–61 1st 3 3 0 0 43 14 +29 - 6
1961–62 1st= 3 2 1 0 37 9 +28 - 5 Shared with South
1962–63 1st 3 3 0 0 38 9 +29 - 6
1963–64 2nd 3 2 0 1 30 15 +15 - 4
1964–65 4th 3 1 0 2 25 33 -8 - 2
1965–66 2nd 3 2 0 1 32 11 +21 - 4
1966–67 4th 3 0 1 2 19 28 -9 - 1
1967–68 1st= 3 2 0 1 48 25 +23 - 4 Shared with South & Glasgow
1968–69 2nd 3 1 1 1 42 54 -12 - 3
1969–70 4th 3 0 1 2 12 28 -16 - 1
1970–71 3rd 3 1 0 2 44 49 -5 - 2
1971–72 1st= (CH) 3 2 0 1 42 36 +6 - 4 Edinburgh beat Glasgow in play-off
1972–73 1st= 3 2 0 1 54 41 +13 - 4
1973–74 4th 3 0 0 3 19 38 -19 - 0
1974–75 3rd 3 1 0 2 27 32 -5 - 2
1975–76 1st= 3 2 0 1 38 34 +4 - 4
1976–77 2nd 3 2 0 1 85 51 +34 - 4
1977–78 1st= 3 2 0 1 49 34 +15 - 4 Shared with Glasgow & South
1978–79 2nd 3 2 0 1 85 42 +43 - 4
1979–80 1st 3 3 0 0 103 31 +72 - 6
1980–81 3rd 3 1 0 2 74 33 +41 - 2
1981–82 1st= 4 3 1 0 80 28 +52 - 7 Shared with South
1982–83 3rd 4 2 0 2 88 66 +22 - 4
1983–84 2nd 4 2 0 2 107 59 +48 - 4
1984–85 2nd 4 3 0 1 82 59 +23 - 6
1985–86 2nd 4 3 0 1 65 38 +27 - 6
1986–87 1st 4 4 0 0 96 51 +45 - 8
1987–88 1st 4 4 0 0 88 55 +33 - 8
1988–89 1st 4 4 0 0 115 45 +70 - 8
1989–90 3rd 4 2 1 1 93 65 +28 - 5
1990–91 3rd 4 1 2 1 63 70 -7 - 4
1991–92 5th 2 1 0 1 21 44 -23 - 2 Abbreviated tournament - no winner
1992–93 2nd 4 2 1 1 93 69 +24 - 5
1993–94 3rd 2 1 0 1 34 46 -12 - -
1994–95 2nd 4 1 2 1 62 62 0 - 4
1995–96 2nd 4 2 0 2 109 82 +27 - 4

Partial list of games played against international oppositionEdit

24 November 1962: Edinburgh 22–3 Canada, at Murrayfield
19 November 1975: Edinburgh 10–19 Australia, at Myreside
31 October 1979: Edinburgh 4–16 New Zealand, at Myreside
19 September 1981: Edinburgh 13–18 Romania, at Myreside
15 September 1982: Edinburgh 47–12 Fiji, at Myreside
26 October 1983: Edinburgh 6–22 New Zealand, at Myreside
23 September 1986: Edinburgh 26–14 Japan, at Myreside
23 September 1987: Edinburgh 9–22 France, at Goldenacre
9 November 1988: Edinburgh 19–25 Australia, at Myreside
8 November 1995: Edinburgh 22–35 Western Samoa, at Inverleith
24 August 2007: Edinburgh 14-26 Tonga, at Myreside [4]

Notable playersEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "The Glasgow Herald - Google News Archive Search".
  2. ^ https://news.google.com/newspapers?id=WMhAAAAAIBAJ&sjid=P6YMAAAAIBAJ&pg=4391%2C2808608
  3. ^ "The Story of Scottish Rugby".
  4. ^ "Our history". Archived from the original on 23 December 2016. Retrieved 13 March 2016.
  5. ^ https://www.edinburghnews.scotsman.com/sport/hidden-history-scotlands-first-black-rugby-player-199661