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The Edinburgh Cancer Research Centre (ECRC), also known as the Cancer Research UK Edinburgh Centre and the University of Edinburgh Cancer Research Centre, is a center for basic, translational and clinical cancer research located in Edinburgh, Scotland. ECRC constitutes a part of the Institute of Genetics & Molecular Medicine (IGMM) and is positioned in direct proximity of the Western General Hospital, where most of its clinical activities take place.

Edinburgh Cancer Research Centre
ECRC Building.jpg
Established1979
Research typeBasic (non-clinical), translational research and clinical research
Field of research
Cancer
DirectorMargaret Frame
(Science Director)
David Cameron
(Clinical Director)
LocationEdinburgh, Scotland
AffiliationsUniversity of Edinburgh
Websitehttps://www.ed.ac.uk/cancer-centre

Contents

Scientific activitiesEdit

A broad spectrum of tumor types are studied in the Centre although the main strengths of ECRC lay in the areas of breast, colorectal, ovarian and brain cancers. They include research focused on:

In these fields the ECRC has gained international recognition in innovative biomedical research and belongs to the Cancer Research UK Centres network of excellence.[1] The ECRC investigators play also an important role in the palliative care practice and research.[2]

As of 2015, research in the ECRC is carried out by 27 independent research teams. In addition, 9 clinical researchers and 14 affiliated research groups are associated with the Centre.[3] Several technology platforms, including mass spectrometry, reverse phase protein arrays and advanced microscopy, support the research activities.[4] Since 2011, the ECRC also hosts a dedicated drug discovery unit.[5] Since 2010, the institute is led by Margaret Frame (as the Science Director) and David Cameron (as the Clinical Director) with help and advise from the ECRC Governance Board. The ECRC works closely with the Edinburgh Cancer Centre and NHS Lothian, supporting clinical trials and cancer informatics research that is embedded within the NHS care of Scottish cancer patients.

Recent highlights from ECRC scientists and clinicians include:

  • Important role (David Cameron as joint global Chief Investigator) in the pivotal clinical trial that tested the hypothesis that the combination of lapatinib and the cytotoxic drug capecitabine would be superior to capecitabine alone in patients with HER2+ metastatic breast cancer that had progressed despite trastuzumab treatment. The results of this trial has led to a global (more than 100 countries) marketing authorisation of the drug lapatinib produced by GlaxoSmithKline.[6]
  • BRCA1/BRCA2 deficient ovarian cancer - identification of a unique clinical phenotype and development of individualised therapy.[7]
  • Identification of new gene variants linked to colorectal cancer.[8]
  • Evidence-based identification of an effective treatment of depression in cancer patients.[9]

Governance BoardEdit

The Edinburgh Cancer Research Centre was established in The University of Edinburgh (UoE) in close partnership with Cancer Research UK and the NHS Lothian, and has strong links to other Institutes and Colleges conducting cancer research in Edinburgh, in particular the Institute of Genetics & Molecular Medicine. The ECRC follows a partnership model in which key stakeholders are actively and directly involved in the strategic governance and growth of the Centre.

Teaching and TrainingEdit

As a part of the Institute of Genetics & Molecular Medicine, ECRC is affiliated with the College of Medicine and Veterinary Medicine of the University of Edinburgh.[10] It provides biomedical research and career training for over 30 PhD students. Many PhD positions are filled in the frame of IGMM 4 Year Graduate School Programme, but there are also some externally funded PhD-studentships and PhD positions specifically aimed for cancer clinicians. The available positions are awarded on competitive basis. ECRC scientists and clinicians actively participate in the teaching programmes of the University of Edinburgh. Ten researchers based in ECRC hold full professorships at the University.

The ECRC also offers training in biomedical research to postdoctoral fellows. Applications for these positions are opened to all nationalities and are highly competitive.

Public EngagementEdit

Rising awareness about cancer, cancer prevention, healthy lifestyle and science among patients, fundraisers and general public is an important part of the ECRC mission. Activities in this area are closely coordinated with Cancer Research UK and include many diverse events ranging from guided tours of the Centre to participation in fundraising events and science festivals.[11][12][13]

HistoryEdit

In 1978, the Imperial Cancer Research Fund (ICRF) - a major charity supporting cancer research in the United Kingdom at the time, decided to provide an £800,000 endowment to support creation of a Chair of Medical Oncology in the Faculty of Medicine in Edinburgh. Following an open competition, the University of Edinburgh appointed John F. Smyth (at the time a senior lecturer in medical oncology at the Institute of Cancer Research in London) for that position on 1 April 1979. After a short visit to the University of Chicago, professor Smyth assumed his duties in Edinburgh on 1 October 1979 (a date that can be considered as the beginning of the Centre).[14][15][16]

Soon afterwards, additional posts were provided by the University and matched by appropriate staff positions by Lothian Health Board (NHS) to create first clinical service for medical oncology in Edinburgh. The service was based in the Western General Hospital where some beds and out-patient facilities were provided. In 1980 it was formally recognized as the Imperial Cancer Research Fund Medical Oncology Unit in Edinburgh with professor John Smyth as its director. This resulted in additional funding that allowed building of a small research laboratory which was commissioned in 1981. The laboratory was located in a portable cabin on the Western General Hospital campus. The main focus of the Unit was the development of more successful drug therapies for all forms of cancer and looking for new ways of reducing the side-effects of anti-cancer drugs.[16]

With generous support from Imperial Cancer Research Fund and other organisations, the Unit was steadily growing enabling clinical trials for promising anticancer therapeutics.[16][17] For example, the Unit was responsible for the very first clinical trial of a 5-HT3 receptor antagonist, heralding in the dramatic changes in emesis control that subsequently followed the development of that class of compounds.[15]

In 1984 the Unit moved to a new location at the top floor of the MRC Human Genetics Unit building which allowed for expansion of laboratory research activities. After a successful ICRF review in 1996, it had been recognized that further extension of scientific activities of the Unit required even more space and prof. Smyth obtained permission to rise funds to create a new purpose designed building. The work started in 2000 and the new £7M building was officially opened in 2002 by The Princess Royal.[18]

It provides 3000 square meters of gross internal space and is a current base for majority of ECRC researchers. At that time (in 2002), following reorganisation of faculties into schools within the University of Edinburgh, the name Edinburgh Cancer Research Centre was created and used with reference to the Unit and the new building. In 2004 the successor of ICRF, Cancer Research UK, also started to refer to the Unit as the CRUK Clinical Cancer Centre to emphasize its status as a comprehensive cancer centre. In 2007 ECRC became part of the Institute of Genetics and Molecular Medicine.[19] In 2010, following a successful bid, ECRC has been formally recognized as Cancer Research UK Centre and is known as Edinburgh Cancer Research UK Centre.[20][21]

ECRC DirectorsEdit

1980 – 2005  John Smyth (initially as a director of the Imperial Cancer Research Fund Medical Oncology Unit)
2005 – 2009  David Harrison
2010 – present  Margaret Frame (Science Director) and David Cameron (Clinical Director)

See alsoEdit

Notes and referencesEdit

  1. ^ "Cancer Research UK makes £100m investment in research centres across the UK". Cancer Research UK. 21 November 2013. Retrieved 8 January 2014.
  2. ^ "Palliative Care: Meeting Local and Global Challenges". University of Edinburgh. Retrieved 27 January 2014.
  3. ^ "ECRC Researchers". Edinburgh Cancer Research Centre. Retrieved 9 January 2014.
  4. ^ "ECRC Facilities". Edinburgh Cancer Research Centre. Retrieved 9 January 2014.
  5. ^ "Edinburgh Cancer Discovery Unit (ECDU)". Edinburgh Cancer Research Centre. Retrieved 9 January 2014.
  6. ^ "Lapatinib clinical trial update". GlaxoSmithKline. 9 September 2011. Archived from the original on 10 June 2014. Retrieved 9 September 2014.
  7. ^ "Ovarian cancer discovery gives hope to women after biggest breakthrough in two decades". Daily Mail. 5 June 2011. Retrieved 10 January 2014.
  8. ^ "Bowel cancer risk gene pinpointed". BBC. 8 July 2007. Retrieved 10 January 2014.
  9. ^ "New Depression Treatment For Cancer Patients Shows Promise". Medical News Today. 5 July 2008. Retrieved 10 January 2014.
  10. ^ "Institutes and Centres at the UoE College of Medicine and Veterinary Medicine". University of Edinburgh. Retrieved 9 January 2014.
  11. ^ "Why we ′give back′ − our visit to the Edinburgh Cancer Research UK Centre". iMultiply resourcing. Retrieved 28 January 2014.
  12. ^ "AH Biology Visit to Cancer Research UK Centre" (PDF). George Heriot's School. Retrieved 28 January 2014.
  13. ^ "Edinburgh Science Festival 2008 Special". BBC Radio 4. Retrieved 28 January 2014.
  14. ^ "John Smyth: unity is strength" (PDF). Cancer World. September – October 2005. Retrieved 21 January 2014.
  15. ^ a b "Cover legend: John Smyth; a member of The Editorial Academy of The International Journal of Oncology" (PDF). International Journal of Oncology. 2006. Retrieved 21 January 2014.
  16. ^ a b c "Advances in cancer treatment claimed". The Glasgow Herald. 8 November 1986. Retrieved 16 January 2014.
  17. ^ "New drug to stop cancer spread shows promise". Daily News. 18 March 1994. Retrieved 16 January 2014.
  18. ^ "Royal launch for cancer centre". BBC. 6 December 2002. Retrieved 16 January 2014.
  19. ^ "Experts join up for cancer fight". BBC. 26 November 2007. Retrieved 21 January 2014.
  20. ^ "Edinburgh launches new cancer research centre". Cancer Research UK. 16 June 2010. Retrieved 16 January 2014.
  21. ^ "Groundbreaking cancer research centre opens in Edinburgh". STV. 16 June 2010. Retrieved 21 January 2014.

External linksEdit