|Born||12 August 1844|
Trabzon, Trebizond Eyalet, Ottoman Empire
|Died||1909 (aged 57–58)|
|Years of service||c. 1868–1909|
|Commands held||Thessalian front|
|Battles/wars||Siege of Plevna|
Greco-Turkish War (1897)
Cretan Revolt (1897–1898)
Life and careerEdit
Edhem was born in Trabzon in present-day Turkey. He was the deputy of Gazi Osman Pasha during the siege of Plevna in 1877. He was the leading commander of the Ottoman army that defeated the Greek army on the Thessalian front during the Greco-Turkish War (1897), which would end in a decisive Turkish victory. Edhem Pasha was especially successful in the Battle of Domokos on the front. He captured Larissa and Trikala, but other European states intervened in favor of Greece because of the danger that Turks again could once again capture the rest of the Morea. As a result, the Greco-Turkish War resulted in a strategic stalemate despite the Turkish military victory on the field. Edhem Pasha died in Constantinople (modern-day Istanbul) in 1909.
- Mehmet Metin Hülâgü, TDV Diyanet İslam Ansiklopedisi, "Gazi Edhem Paşa", v. 13, p. 449, Ankara 1996.