Edhem Pasha (Turkish: Ethem Paşa; 1844–1909) was an Ottoman field marshal and leading figure in the propagation of the Ottoman military doctrine.[1]

Edhem Pasha
Портрет к статье «Греко-турецкие войны». Военная энциклопедия Сытина (Санкт-Петербург, 1911-1915).jpg
Birth nameEdhem
Born12 August 1844
Trabzon, Trebizond Eyalet, Ottoman Empire
Died1909 (aged 57–58)
Allegiance Ottoman Empire
Service/branch Ottoman Army
Years of servicec. 1868–1909
RankField marshal
Commands heldThessalian front
Battles/warsSiege of Plevna
Greco-Turkish War (1897)
Cretan Revolt (1897–1898)

Life and careerEdit

Edhem was born in Trabzon in present-day Turkey. He was the deputy of Gazi Osman Pasha during the siege of Plevna in 1877. He was the leading commander of the Ottoman army that defeated the Greek army on the Thessalian front during the Greco-Turkish War (1897), which would end in a decisive Turkish victory. Edhem Pasha was especially successful in the Battle of Domokos on the front. He captured Larissa and Trikala, but other European states intervened in favor of Greece because of the danger that Turks again could once again capture the rest of the Morea. As a result, the Greco-Turkish War resulted in a strategic stalemate despite the Turkish military victory on the field. Edhem Pasha died in Constantinople (modern-day Istanbul) in 1909.[1]


  1. ^ a b Mehmet Metin Hülâgü, TDV Diyanet İslam Ansiklopedisi, "Gazi Edhem Paşa", v. 13, p. 449, Ankara 1996.