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Maurice Eden Paul (27 September 1865 – 1 December 1944) was a British socialist physician, writer and translator.[1]



Paul was the younger son of the publisher Charles Kegan Paul,[2] and Margaret Colvile. His mother was one of 12 daughters born to Andrew Wedderburn-Colvile (1779–1856) and the Hon. Mary Louisa Eden, fifth daughter of William Eden, 1st Baron Auckland.[3] Maurice Eden Paul was baptised 1 November 1865 at Sturminster Marshall, Dorset.[4]

He was educated at University College School and University College London; he continued his medical studies at London Hospital.[5] In the mid-1880s he helped Beatrice Webb and Ella Pycroft run St Katharine's Buildings in the East End,[6][7] and in 1886 joined Charles Booth's Board of Statistical Inquiry investigating poverty in London.[8]

In 1890, he married Margaret Jessie Macdonald, née Boag, a ward sister at the London Hospital.[9] From 1892-4, he taught at a university in Japan, where his daughter Hester was born in 1893.[10]

He travelled with the Japanese army as a Times correspondent during the First Sino-Japanese War of 1895. Between 1895 and 1912, he practiced medicine in Japan, China, Perak, Singapore, Alderney and England. He was the founder and editor of the Nagasaki Press, 1897-99.[11]

By 1903, the family had moved to Alderney, where his wife later established a private nursing home; however, the couple separated about this time.[10] From 1907-19, he was a member of the ILP where he promoted eugenics[12], and worked for the French Socialist Party from 1912-14. He subsequently joined the Communist Party of Great Britain.

Later yearsEdit

In 1932 he retired to live on the French Riviera. In 1939, aged 74, he was badly injured in a motor accident near Grasse.[13] With his second wife, Cedar Paul, he wrote several books for a socialist reading public, and they also worked together to translate from German, French, Italian and Russian.[citation needed]


Translations undertaken with Cedar PaulEdit

  • Napoléon by Emil Ludwig. New York, N.Y. : Boni & Liveright, 1926
  • Bismarck; the story of a fighter by Emil Ludwig. Boston: Little, Brown and Co., 1927
  • The Son of man: the story of Jesus by Emil Ludwig. New York: Boni & Liveright, 1928
  • Capital, by Karl Marx. Translated from the 4th German edition of Das Kapital. London: Allen & Unwin, 1928
  • Lincoln by Emil Ludwig. Boston: Little, Brown and Co., 1930
  • Joseph Fouché, the portrait of a politician by Stefan Zweig. New York: Viking Press, 1930
  • Marie Antoinette, the portrait of an average woman by Stefan Zweig. New York: Viking Press, 1933
  • Bula Matari: Stanley, conqueror of a continent by Jakob Wassermann. New York, Liveright Inc., 1933
  • Erasmus of Rotterdam by Stefan Zweig. New York: Viking Press, 1934
  • Mary, queen of Scotland and the Isles by Stefan Zweig. New York: Viking Press, 1935
  • Arturo Toscanini by Paul Stefan. New York: Viking Press, 1936
  • Insulted and exiled : the truth about the German Jews by Stefan Zweig. London: John Mills, 1937
  • Imperial Byzantium by Bertha Diener. Boston: 1938 Translates Byzanz, von Kaisern, Engeln und Eunuchen, Leipzig, 1937.
  • Triumph over pain by René Fülöp-Miller. New York, Bobbs-Merrill Co., 1938
  • Conqueror of the seas; the story of Magellan by Stefan Zweig. New York: Viking Press, 1938
  • Karl Marx: his Life and Work by Otto Ruhle. New York: New Home Library, 1943
Other works
  • (ed.) Lectures on pathology: delivered at the London Hospital by Henry Gawen Sutton, revised by Samuel Wilks. London: J. & A. Churchill; Philadelphia: Blakiston, 1891.
  • (tr. with Peter Galstann Edgar) Introduction to the study of Malarial Diseases by Reinhold Ruge. London: Rebman Limited, 1903.
  • (tr.) An atlas of human anatomy for students and physicians by Carl Toldt. London: Rebman, 1903-. Translated from the 3rd German ed. and adapted to English and American and international terminology.
  • (tr.) The sexual life of our time in its relations to modern civilization by Iwan Bloch. London: Rebman, 1908. Translated from the sixth German edition.
  • Karl Marx and modern socialism, Manchester: National Labour Press, [1908?]
  • 'Socialism and Science', Socialist Review, April 1909. Reprinted Keighley: Wadsworth & Co., [1909.] An address to the members of the Poole and Branksome Branch of the Independent Labour Party, Sunday, 24 January 1909.
  • Psychical research and thought transference: their meaning and recent history, London: Watts & Co., 1911. Issues for the Rationalist Press Association.
  • Socialism and eugenics, Manchester: National Labour Press, [1911]. Reprinted from the Labour Leader.
  • Cesare Lombroso: a modern man of science by Hans Kurella. London: Rebman, 1911. Translated from the German.
  • (tr.) Sexual life of the Child by Albert Moll. London, 1912. Translated from the German. With an introduction by Edward L. Thorndike
  • (tr.) The elements of child-protection by Sigmund Engel. New York: Macmillan, 1912. Translated from the German.
  • The Sexual life of woman in its physiological, pathological and hygienic aspects by E. Heinrich Kisch. London; printed in America: William Heinemann, [1913?]. The only authorized translation from the German.
  • (tr.) The economic synthesis : a study of the laws of income by Achille Loria, London: George Allen, 1914. Translated from the Italian.
  • (with Cedar Paul) Independent working class education : thoughts and suggestions. London: Workers' Socialist Federation, 1918
  • (with Cedar Paul) Bolshevism in industry and politics: new tactics for the social revolution, London: London Workers' Committee, 1918.
  • (with Cedar Paul) Creative revolution : a study of communist ergatocracy, London: Plebs League, 1920
  • (with Cedar Paul) Proletcult (proletarian Culture), New York: T. Seltzer, Incorporated, 1921
  • 'Steinach's rejuvenation experiments', in E. Paul & Norman Haire, Rejuvenation: Steinach's researches on the sex-glands, London: Athenaeum Press, 1923
  • Chronos. London : Kegan Paul, Trench, Trubner, 1930


  1. ^ 'Paul, Maurice Eden' in Who Was Who
  2. ^ Beatrice Webb, My Apprenticeship, 1979, pgs. 268-9
  3. ^ Wedderburn, Alexander Dundas Ogilvy (1898). Wedderburn Book: A History of the Wedderburns, 1296-1896. 1. pp. 308–309. Retrieved 10 July 2017.
  4. ^ Dorset, England, Church of England Births and Baptisms, 1813-1906
  5. ^ Entry in The Labour who's who, 1927
  6. ^ Norman Mackenzie, ed., The Letters of Sidney and Beatrice Webb: Volume 1, Apprenticeships 1873-1892, pgs. 46-7
  7. ^ The Letters of Sidney and Beatrice Webb: Volume 3, Pilgrimage 1912-1947, pgs. 441-2
  8. ^ Rosemary O'Day and David Englander, Mr Charles Booth's inquiry: Life and labour of the people in London reconsidered, 1993, pg. 32
  9. ^ The Times, 25 December 1890, pg. 1
  10. ^ a b Papers of PAUL, Margaret Jessie (fl. 1851-1919) at the Royal London Hospital
  11. ^ "The Thoreau Centenary in Britain"
  12. ^ Socialism and Eugenics in Labour Leader 1911, also published as a pamphlet
  13. ^ The Times, 20 March 1939, pg. 20

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