Edelmiro Julián Farrell

Edelmiro Julián Farrell Plaul (Spanish: [eðelˈmiɾo faˈrel]; February 12, 1887 – October 21, 1980) was an Argentine general. He was the de facto president of Argentina between 1944 and 1946.

Edelmiro Farrell
Farrel.jpg
President of Argentina
Appointed by the military junta
In office
February 24, 1944 – June 3, 1946
Vice PresidentNone (Feb–Jul 1944)
Juan Perón (1944–1945)
Juan Pistarini (1945–1946)
Preceded byPedro Pablo Ramírez
Succeeded byJuan Perón
Vice President of Argentina
De facto
In office
October 15, 1943 – February 24, 1944
PresidentPedro Pablo Ramírez
Preceded bySabá Héctor Sueyro
Succeeded byJuan Perón
Personal details
Born(1887-02-12)February 12, 1887
Lanús
DiedOctober 21, 1980(1980-10-21) (aged 93)
Buenos Aires
Resting placeCementerio de la Chacarita
Buenos Aires
NationalityArgentine
Political partynone
Spouse(s)Conrada Victoria Torni (1919–1977)
ProfessionMilitary
Signature
Military service
AllegianceArgentina
Branch/serviceArgentine Army
Years of service1907–1946
RankMajor General

Farrell had a great influence on later Argentine history by introducing his subordinate Juan Perón into government and paving the way for Perón's subsequent political career.

Early lifeEdit

He was born in 1887 in Villa de los Industriales (Lanús, Buenos Aires). He was the tenth son of Juan C. Farrell (1846-1887) and Catalina Plaul (1852–1917) and the grandson of Matthew Farrell (1803-1860) of County Longford where the family seat of the Farrell clan heralds from in Ireland as Lords of Annaly, and Mónica Ibáñez (1819-1867).

Military careerEdit

Farrell graduated from Argentine military school in 1907 as an infantry sub-lieutenant. He served in an Italian alpine regiment in Fascist Italy between 1924 and 1926. He then returned to Argentina.[citation needed]

After the 1943 coup, Farrell was promoted to Brigadier General and became vice-president during the military government of General Pedro Pablo Ramírez, who had deposed President Arturo Rawson. He was simultaneously Minister of War. Farrell appointed Juan Perón as his secretary.

PresidentEdit

Ramírez named Farrell as president on February 25, 1944. Farrell appointed Perón as vice-president. After popular demonstrations in favour of Perón in 1945 made Perón the most influential and important man in the government, Farrell announced presidential elections for 1946, and Perón was elected. On June 4, 1946, Farrell was succeeded as president by Perón. Farrell had been his commander while Perón was a colonel.

Farrell declared war on Nazi Germany and the Empire of Japan on 27 March 1945 towards the end of World War II after pressure to get Argentina as part of the Allies after the Inter-American Conference on Problems of War and Peace.[1]

Despite having been brought to power through a coup d'état, Peronist historiography never calls him a dictator.[2]

FamilyEdit

He married on July 10, 1921, to Conrada Victoria Torni (January 1, 1895 - August 16, 1977), a teacher. They had three children: Nelly Victoria (born 1923), Jorge Edelmiro (1925–1950), and Susana Mabel (born 1930).

DeathEdit

A widower, he died in 1980.

In popular cultureEdit

Farrell, in the movie Evita, is portrayed by British actor Denis Lill.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Caucino, Mariano (27 March 2020). "El día que la Argentina le declaró la guerra a Alemania" [The day Argentina declared war on Germany]. Infobae (in Spanish). Retrieved 26 September 2021.
  2. ^ Mendelevich, p. 147

SourcesEdit

External linksEdit

Political offices
Preceded by Vice President of Argentina
1943–1944
Succeeded by
Preceded by President of Argentina
1944–1946
Succeeded by