Eddie Alexander Ávila Ortiz (born April 26, 1977), better known by his stage name Eddie Dee, is a Puerto Rican hip hop recording artist, lyricist and dancer. He began his career in 1990 and launched his debut studio album three years later. His second album became popular in Puerto Rico and was titled Tagwut in 1997. It featured the hit single "Señor Official". His following releases El Terrorista de la Lírica (2000) and Biografía (2001), too enjoyed underground success. The 2004 album 12 Discípulos is regarded as "the greatest reggaetón various artist album of all time". The album features songs by some of the most successful reggaetón artist, including the intro of the album, where they all come together as one to show that "unity is needed for the genre reggaetón to survive and evolve". It was a collaboration between eleven other artist including Daddy Yankee, Tego Calderon, Ivy Queen, and Vico C among others, who were among the most requested at the time. The track, known as "Los 12 Discípulos" or "Quítate Tu Pa' Ponerme Yo" reached number eight on the Billboard Tropical Songs chart, and was nominated for a 2005 Billboard Latin Music Award for "Tropical Airplay Track of the Year, New Artist". The album itself reached number one on the Billboard Tropical Albums chart for three nonconsecutive weeks.
|Born||Eddie Alexander Ávila Ortiz|
April 26, 1977
Río Piedras, Puerto Rico
|Other names||E.D.D.I.E. (or E.D.D.)|
El Más Que Escribe
|Occupation||Rapper, singer, lyricist, dancer|
|Notable work||«Señor Oficial» (1997)|
12 Discípulos (2004)
|Genres||Hip hop, reggaeton, reggae|
|Instruments||Vocals, electronic keyboards|
|Labels||Fresh Productions, Diamond Music, Machete Music|
|Associated acts||Daddy Yankee, Tego Calderón, Vico C, Luny Tunes|
1990-2004: Beginning and rise to fameEdit
Eddie Dee was born Eddie Alexander Ávila Ortiz on April 26, 1977 to his mother Diomaris Ortiz and father Eddie Ávila. He began singing and composing songs at an early age before beginning his musical career in 1990, when he started to appear on television shows. His first encounter with fame was in 1987 when he was already famous in his neighbourhood because of his rapping. In 1991 he was one of the dancers in the Puerto Rican propaganda El Sida Está Cañón, led by the singer Ernesto Morales, a message to prevent AIDS. In 1993, he released his debut album Eddie & The Ghetto Crew. Following the album, he began gaining popularity within Puerto Rico by collaborating with other artists. In 1994 Eddie participated on a music video for Straight From The Ghetto, a mixtape by the producer DJ Guichy, being Edde's first participation on a music video. Eddie Dee became popular with the 1997 single "Señor Oficial," from his first compilation album Tagwut, which detailed "the injustices that young Puerto Rican men suffered at the hands of the police." It was a commercial success reaching number one in Puerto Rico. The album gained him a "Puerto Rican Rap and Reggae Award for Best Lyrics" the same year. In 1999 he helped a new rapper by supporting his work and recording with him on the song "En Peligro De Extinción", which was part of the track list of his next studio album: El Terrorista De La Lírica (which also includes the posthumous appearance of Frankie Ruiz, a famous American salsa singer, who died in 1998). That rapper was Tego Calderón at his very early beginning in the music industry, and in 2003 he gained international popularity after his first studio album, El Abayarde, which sold 300.000 copies worldwide.
2004-06: 12 Discípulos international successEdit
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He experienced underground success with his following two releases El Terrorista de la Lírica (2000) and Biografía (2001). In 2004, Dee launched 12 Discípulos which reached number one on the Billboard Tropical Albums chart for three nonconsecutive weeks. It also reached number five on the Billboard Latin Albums chart. "Cuando Es/Wao" was released as the lead single. The title track, "Los 12 Discípulos" was released as the second single and reached number eight on the Billboard Tropical Songs chart. It was nominated for a 2005 Billboard Latin Music Award for "Tropical Airplay Track of the Year, New Artist". It featured Daddy Yankee, Ivy Queen, Tego Calderón, Voltio, Vico C, Zion, Lennox, Nicky Jam, Johnny Prez, Gallego, and Wiso G. Also in 2004, Dee co-wrote Daddy Yankee's super-hit "Gasolina" from his 2004 album Barrio Fino which became a commercial success in the United States and introduced reggaeton to American, European, Asian, and African audiences, alongside Ivy Queen's Diva and Real and Tego Calderon's El Enemy de los Guasibiri. A year later was released a special edition for 12 Discípulos, which included a remix version of La Secta's "La Locura Automática" and the single "El Taladro" featuring Daddy Yankee, song that reached the #22 position in Billboard's Latin Tropical Airplay charts. According to the American Society of Composers, Authors and Publishers, he is "your rapper's favorite rapper".
2006-present: El Diario and musical inactivityEdit
In 2005 was announced his next studio album: El Diario, which was going to be released in November 2007. In that year was released a 10 track-long free mixtape titled The Final Countdown, but El Diario wasn't released. In 2009 was announced another mixtape: 180 Grados and Eddie said that his studio album was going to be released, and also said that it wasn't published in 2007 because he wasn't sure of his album quality as to music. Neither El Diario and 180 Grados have been released, but both also haven’t been confirmed to be canceled. His work has been decreased after El Diario's posponement, releasing just two singles between 2009 and 2010, writing Jowell & Randy's "Un Cambio" in 2010 and Plan B's "Te Dijeron" for Pina Record's La Formula in 2012, and collaborating in Alexis & Fido's "La Trampa" (2011) and Wisin's remix of "Sistema" (2013), which was his last participation in a song, either being him as principal or guest artist.
After two years of public inactivity, Eddie Dee appeared as a guest artist in Tego Calderon's La Trayectoria concert in the famous Puerto Rican Coliseum, performing "Los 12 Discípulos", "En Peligro De Extinción", and "El Bueno, El Malo Y El Feo" alongside Calderón and Vico C.
- Studio albums
- 1993: Eddie Dee & The Ghetto Crew
- 1997: Tagwut
- 2000: El Terrorista De La Lírica
- TBA: El Diario
- 2007: The Final Countdown
- TBA: 180 Grados
- Compilation albums
- 2004: 12 Discípulos
- Greatest hits albums
- 2001: Biografía
- 2009: Oro Reggaetonero: 20 Éxitos
Awards and nominatiosEdit
|1997||"Señor Oficial"||Puerto Rican Rap and Reggae Award for Best Lyrics||Won|
|1998||"Amor Mío"||Puerto Rican Rap and Reggae Award for Best Song||Won|
|Puerto Rican Rap and Reggae Award for Best Lyrics||Won|
|2005||"Los 12 Discípulos"
Joint nomination with Gallego, Vico C, Tego Calderón, Ivy Queen, Julio Voltio, Daddy Yankee, Zion & Lennox, Johnny Prez, Nicky Jam and Wiso G
|Billboard Latin Music Award for Tropical Airplay Track of the Year, New Artist||Nominated|
Joint nomination with Daddy Yankee and Luny Tunes
|Latin Grammy Award for Record of the Year (as songwriter)||Nominated|
- 12 Discípulos — Special Edition. (CD liner). Eddie Dee. 2005. Pimpking Music under exclusive license from Diamond Music and Eddie Dee. Manufactured and distributed by Machete Music, a division of Universal Music Group Recordings, Inc., 303 N. Glenoaks Blvd., Suite 300, Burbank, CA. 91502, through Universal Music & Video Distribution Corp. 0101301022.
- "Los 12 Discípulos LIVE! from the Grammys". New Musical Express. IPC Media Entertainment Network. Archived from the original on October 29, 2013. Retrieved May 29, 2013.
- "Latin Urban Revolution: Eddie Dee". ASCAP. American Society of Composers, Authors and Publishers. June 6, 2006. Retrieved May 29, 2013.
- Gutierrez, Evan. "Eddie Dee - Music Biography, Credits and Discography". Allmusic. Rovi Corporation. Retrieved May 30, 2013.
- Ben-Yehuda, Ayala (March 31, 2007). "Reggaetón Royalty – Ivy Queen Earns Her Crown As A Very Male Subgenre's Only Female Star". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved May 29, 2013.
- "February 28, 2004: Billboard Top Tropical Albums". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. February 21, 2004. Retrieved May 29, 2013.
- "February 21, 2004: Billboard Top Latin Albums". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. February 21, 2004. Retrieved May 29, 2013.
- "12 Discípulos". Allmusic. Rovi Corporation. Retrieved May 29, 2013.
- "Eddie Dee - Chart History: Tropical Airplay". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved May 29, 2013.
- "2005 Billboard Latin Music Awards Finalists". Billboard. United States: Nielsen Business Media. 2005. Archived from the original on May 7, 2013. Retrieved May 30, 2013.
- Carney Smith, Jessie. Encyclopedia of African American Popular Culture. ABC-CLIO, 2010, p. 1199.
- Trivino, Jesus (2013-04-18). "Reggaeton Performer Updates & Bios: Where Are They Now?". Latina. Latina Media Ventures, LLC. Retrieved May 29, 2013.