Ecuadorian squirrel monkey

The Ecuadorian squirrel monkey (Saimiri cassiquiarensis macrodon) is a type of squirrel monkey. It had been considered a subspecies of the Guianan squirrel monkey, Saimiri sciureus, but was elevated to a full species, S. macrodon, based on a 2009 study by Carretero-Pinzón, et al.[1] Based on subsequent genetic research by Jessica Lynch Alfaro, et al it was again reclassified as a subspecies of Humboldt's squirrel monkey.[2][3][4]

Ecuadorian squirrel monkey
Saimiri macrodon.jpg
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Primates
Suborder: Haplorhini
Infraorder: Simiiformes
Family: Cebidae
Genus: Saimiri
Species:
Subspecies:
S. c. macrodon
Trinomial name
Saimiri cassiquiarensis macrodon
(Elliot, 1907)
Distribution Saimiri.png
Ecuadorian squirrel monkey range shown in orange

The Ecuadorian squirrel monkey lives in the western Brazilian Amazon, as well as southern Colombia, eastern Ecuador and northern and eastern Peru.[5] It lives in humid tropical and subtropical forest, preferring dense forest but able to live in secondary forest and disturbed forest as well.[5] It can live at elevations up to 1,200 m (3,900 ft), but where it has been studied in Ecuador it prefers elevations under 500 m (1,600 ft).[5]

The Ecuadorian squirrel monkey has a head and body length of between 25 and 32 cm (9.8 and 12.6 in) with a tail length between 34 and 44 cm (13 and 17 in).[5] Males weigh between 885 and 1,380 g (31.2 and 48.7 oz) and females weigh between 590 and 1,150 g (21 and 41 oz).[5] Its coloration is similar to that of the Guianan squirrel monkey but its fur is darker.[5]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Carretero-Pinzón, X.; Ruiz-García, M.; Defler, T. (2009). "The Taxonomy and Conservation Status of Saimiri sciureus albigena: A Squirrel Monkey Endemic to Colombia". Primate Conservation. 24: 59–64. doi:10.1896/052.024.0102. Retrieved 2019-01-13.
  2. ^ Lynch Alfaro, J.W.; et al. (2015). "Biogeography of squirrel monkeys (genus Saimiri): South-central Amazon origin and rapid pan-Amazonian diversification of a lowland primate". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 82: 436–454. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2014.09.004. PMID 25305518.
  3. ^ "Primates of the Neoptropics". IUCN Primate Specialist Group. September 2018. Retrieved 2019-02-04.
  4. ^ "Saimiri cassiquiarensis macrodon". Mammal Diversity Database. Retrieved 2019-02-04.
  5. ^ a b c d e f Mittermeier, Russell A. & Rylands, Anthony B. (2013). Mittermeier, Russell A.; Rylands, Anthony B.; Wilson, Don E. (eds.). Handbook of the Mammals of the World: Volume 3, Primates. Lynx. p. 393. ISBN 978-8496553897.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)