Saint Ecgberht (or Egbert, and sometimes referred to as Egbert of Rath Melsigi) (died 729) was an Anglo-Saxon monk of Northumbria. After studying at Lindisfarne and Rath Melsigi, he spent his life travelling among monasteries in northern Britain and around the Irish Sea. He was instrumental in the establishment of Wihtberht's mission to Frisia.
|Venerated in||Catholic Church|
Eastern Orthodox Church
Ecgberht was an Anglo-Saxon of a noble family, probably from Northumbria. After some years of study in the monastery of Lindisfarne, he travelled to Ireland to study. One of his acquaintances at this time was Chad of Mercia. He settled at the monastery of Rath Melsigi, in modern-day county Carlow. In 664, most of his Northumbrian travelling companions, including Æthelhun, died of the plague, and he contracted it as well.
Ecgberht vowed that if he recovered, he would become a "peregrinus" on perpetual pilgrimage from his homeland of Britain and would lead a life of penitential prayer and fasting. He was twenty-five, and when he recovered he kept his vow until his death at age 90. According to Henry Mayr-Harting, Ecgberht was one of the most famous ‘pilgrims’ of the early Middle Ages, and occupied a prominent position in a political and religious culture that spanned northern Britain and the Irish Sea.
Ecgberht was ordained a priest and began to organize monks in Ireland to proselytize in Frisia; many other high-born notables were associated with his work: Saint Adalbert, Saint Swithbert, and Saint Chad. He, however, was dissuaded from accompanying them himself by a vision related to him by a monk who had been a disciple of Saint Boisil (the Prior of Melrose under Abbot Eata). Ecgberht instead dispatched Wihtberht, another Englishman living at Rath Melsigi, to Frisia. Ecgberht then arranged the mission of Saint Wigbert, Saint Willibrord, and others.
Ecgberht had influential contacts with the kings of Northumbria and of the Picts, as well as with Iona, to which he moved around 716. He attempted to persuade the monks there to adopt the Roman Easter dating. He died on Iona at the age of ninety, on the first day that the Easter feast was observed in this manner in the monastery, on 24 April 729.
His feast day in the Roman Catholic Church, 24 April, is found in both the Roman and Irish martyrologies, and in the Metrical Calendar of York. Although he is now honoured simply as a confessor, it is probable that St Ecgberht was a bishop.
- Mayr-Harting, Henry. "Ecgberht (639–729)", Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, 2004, accessed 24 Jan 2014
- Barrett, OSB, Michael. "Saint Egbert, Priest and Monk, A.D. 729". The Calendar of Scottish Saints, 1919. CatholicSaints.Info. 9 March 2014 This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
- Bede, Historia ecclesiastica gentis Anglorum 4.3
- Bede, Historia ecclesiastica gentis Anglorum 3.27
- Costambeys, Marios. "Willibrord [St Willibrord] (657/8–739)", Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004; online edn, Jan 2011, accessed 24 Jan 2014
- Bede Historia ecclesiastica gentis Anglorum 5.9
- Bede, Historia ecclesiastica gentis Anglorum 5.9, 5.10
- Bede, Historia ecclesiastica gentis Anglorum 4.26
- Kuno Meyer, "Cain Adamnain: An Old-Irish Treatise on the Law of Adamnan", available at the Internet Medieval Sourcebook.
- Bede, Historia ecclesiastica gentis Anglorum 5.22, cf. 3.4
- Monks of Ramsgate. “Egbert”. Book of Saints, 1921. CatholicSaints.Info. 22 November 2012. Web
- Bede Historia ecclesiastica gentis Anglorum 5.22
- Phillips, George. "St. Egbert." The Catholic Encyclopedia. Vol. 5. New York: Robert Appleton Company, 1909. 24 Jan. 2014