Ecclesiastical Province of Canada

The Ecclesiastical Province of Canada, founded in 1860, forms one of four ecclesiastical provinces in the Anglican Church of Canada. Despite modern use of the name Canada, the ecclesiastical province covers only the former territory of Lower Canada (i.e., southern and eastern Quebec), the Maritimes, and Newfoundland and Labrador (The Ecclesiastical Province of Ontario split off as a separate entity in 1913.[citation needed]) The province comprises seven dioceses:

A Metropolitan, elected from among the province's diocesan bishops, heads each province of the Anglican Church of Canada. On election, this bishop then becomes Archbishop of his or her diocese and Metropolitan of the Province. David Edwards, the Bishop of Fredericton, became the Metropolitan of the Province of Canada in 2020.

From 1861 until 1870 the Bishop of Montreal served as metropolitan over the four dioceses of the then Province of Canada (i.e., Upper and Lower Canada - modern Ontario and Quebec). The Province expanded in 1870 and 1871 to include New Brunswick and Nova Scotia.[1] After 1878 the role of metropolitan of the province of Canada became one elected[by whom?] from among the diocesan bishops of the Province.[2]

Metropolitans of CanadaEdit

Order Name Diocese Dates Notes
1st Francis Fulford Bishop of Montreal 1861–1868
2nd Ashton Oxenden Bishop of Montreal 1869–1878
3rd John Medley Bishop of Fredericton 1879–1892
4th John Lewis Archbishop of Ontario 1893–1900
5th William Bond Archbishop of Montreal 1901–1906 Primate of All Canada, 1904–1906
6th Arthur Sweatman Archbishop of Toronto 1907–1909
7th Charles Hamilton Archbishop of Ottawa 1909–1912
8th Clarendon Worrell Archbishop of Nova Scotia 1915–1934 Primate of All Canada, 1931–1934
9th John Richardson Archbishop of Fredericton 1934–1938
10th John Hackenley Archbishop of Nova Scotia 1939–1943
11th Philip Carrington Archbishop of Quebec 1944–1960
12th John Dixon Archbishop of Montreal 1960–1962
13th Henry O'Neil Archbishop of Fredericton 1963–1972
14th William Davis Archbishop of Nova Scotia 1972–1975
15th Robert Seaborn Archbishop of Newfoundland (later Archbishop of
Eastern Newfoundland and Labrador
16th Harold Nutter Archbishop of Fredericton 1980–1989
17th Reginald Hollis Archbishop of Montreal 1989–1990
18th Stewart Payne Archbishop of Western Newfoundland 1990–1997
19th Arthur Peters Archbishop of Nova Scotia 1997–2002
20th Andrew Hutchison Archbishop of Montreal 2002–2004 Primate of the Anglican Church of Canada, 2004–2007
21st Bruce Stavert Archbishop of Quebec 2004–2009
22nd Claude Miller Archbishop of Fredericton 2009–2014
23rd Percy Coffin Archbishop of Western Newfoundland 2014–2017
24th Ronald Cutler Archbishop of Nova Scotia and Prince Edward Island 2017–2020
25th David Edwards Archbishop of Fredericton 2020–present

See alsoEdit


  1. ^
  2. ^ Minutes of the Synod of the Ecclesiastical Province of Canada, held in the archives of the Diocese of Montreal.

External linksEdit