Eastnor Castle

Eastnor Castle, Eastnor, Herefordshire, is a 19th-century mock castle. Eastnor was built for The 1st Earl Somers, who employed Robert Smirke, who was later to work at the British Museum, as his architect. The castle was built between 1811–1820. Major schemes of interior decoration were carried out by A.W.N. Pugin in 1849–1850. Eastnor remains a private home, and is currently the residence of James Hervey-Bathurst, the grandson of Arthur Somers-Cocks, 6th Baron Somers. It is a Grade I listed building. The surrounding gardens and parkland are designated Grade II*.[1] The castle is open to tours by the public on certain months of the year; it is also a wedding venue.[2]

Eastnor Castle
Eastnor Castle-geograph-3082480-by-Philip-Pankhurst.jpg
TypeMock castle
LocationEastnor, Herefordshire
Coordinates52°01′47″N 2°23′16″W / 52.0297°N 2.3877°W / 52.0297; -2.3877Coordinates: 52°01′47″N 2°23′16″W / 52.0297°N 2.3877°W / 52.0297; -2.3877
Built1811-1820
ArchitectRobert Smirke
Architectural style(s)Gothic Revival
Governing bodyPrivately owned
Listed Building – Grade I
Official nameEastnor Castle
Designated18 November 1952
Reference no.1156712
Listed Building – Grade II
Official nameCastle lodge and gates
Designated10 January 1986
Reference no.1156692
Listed Building – Grade II
Official namePortcullis lodge and retaining walls to the forecourt of Eastnor Castle
Designated10 January 1986
Reference no.1082629
Listed Building – Grade II
Official nameRetaining wall to Lower Terrace on garden front of Eastnor Castle
Designated10 January 1986
Reference no.1082630
Listed Building – Grade II
Official nameRetaining wall to Upper Terrace on garden front of Eastnor Castle
Designated10 January 1986
Reference no.1349512
Eastnor Castle is located in Herefordshire
Eastnor Castle
Location of Eastnor Castle in Herefordshire

HistoryEdit

The estate was established in the late 16th century when the Cocks family purchased land in the area. Subsequent marriages into the Somers and Nash families helped provide the wealth and substance necessary to build the present imposing building, designed to look like one of the medieval castles guarding the Welsh borders.

The castle was built to the designs of Robert Smirke in 1812–20. A.W.N. Pugin made some internal alterations - including the decoration of the Gothic Drawing Room - in 1849–50, and George E Fox made more changes in the 1860s. It is constructed of ashlar stonework, with a lead and slate roof concealed behind an embattled parapet. Cast-iron was used for the roof trusses and floor beams.[3] It was constructed at a cost of £85,000,[4] the equivalent of approximately £26 million to £28 million at 2007 prices.

The castle was criticised by Charles Locke Eastlake later in the 19th century:

It is a massive and gloomy-looking building, flanked by watch-towers, and enclosing a keep. To preserve the character at which it aimed, the windows were made exceedingly small and narrow. This must have resulted in much inconvenience within...The building in question might have made a tolerable fort before the invention of gunpowder, but as a residence it was a picturesque mistake.[5]

Recent historyEdit

The castle still has an operating flour mill, "one of the oldest in the county", built in the 18th century as Clencher's. In the 21st century, the water supply was "reinstated and the machinery overhauled so it is now workable".[6] As of 2020, the family occupied only a small part of the castle, " smaller rooms, and we mostly live in the kitchen, which was enlarged in 1992", according to James Hervey-Bathurst. He had inherited the property from his mother,[7] the Hon Mrs Elizabeth Hervey-Bathurst, in 1988.[8]

The castle's business was affected for some time in 2020 due to the COVID-19 pandemic but by mid-July 2020, restrictions were easing.[9] The ironwork bridge over the weir, first installed in 1828, was reopened after restoration in 2021.[10]

Media appearances and eventsEdit

 
Front entrance of Eastnor Castle in 1992

The car manufacturer, Land Rover, uses the Eastnor estate as a venue for potential customers to drive their vehicles; a fee is charged for those participating in the Landrover Experience.[11] The castle has been used as a set location for films, television programmes and music videos including; One More Time, starring Peter Lawford and Sammy Davis, Jr, Slade's video "Run Runaway", the 1986 film adaptation of Oscar Wilde's The Canterville Ghost,[12] the BBC TV adaptation of Little Lord Fauntleroy in 1995, the American reality competition television program, The Amazing Race,[13] ITV's 2015 adaptation of Doctor Thorne,[14] and two episodes of HBO's Succession.[15] Details of the castle's construction were revealed in episode 6 of the 2004 BBC TV series Fred Dibnah's Made in Britain.

Many other films and TV episodes have done filming of some scenes at the castle.[16]

The castle was featured on an episode of "An American Aristocrat's Guide to Great Estates" on the Smithsonian Channel and Amazon Prime Video. It first aired in 2020.[17]

CitationsEdit

  1. ^ "Eastnor Castle Park and Gardens". Historic England. Retrieved 13 March 2020.
  2. ^ "Eastnor Castle". Eastnor Estate. Retrieved 13 March 2021.
  3. ^ Historic England. "Eastnor Castle (Grade I) (1156712)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 1 May 2020.
  4. ^ Brooks & Pevsner 2012, pp. 219–221.
  5. ^ Eastlake 2012, p. 79.
  6. ^ "This British Castle Still Has a Functioning Flour Mill". Smithsonian Magazine. Retrieved 13 March 2021.
  7. ^ "An Englishman's Castle: through the keyhole at Eastnor Castle". Hereford Times. 8 February 2020.
  8. ^ "Estate saddened as castle couple split". Worcester News. 25 January 2002.
  9. ^ "Enjoy the Great Outdoors at Eastnor Castle this Summer". Eastnor Estate. Retrieved 13 March 2021.
  10. ^ Banner, Tom (1 July 2021). "Newly-restored weir bridge at Eastnor Castle opened by Lord Lieutenant". Malvern Gazette.
  11. ^ "Land Rover Experience". Land Rover. Retrieved 16 December 2020.
  12. ^ "The Canterville Ghost (TV 1987)". IMDb. Retrieved 3 November 2011.
  13. ^ ""Amazing Race:" 11 Teams Storm Castle Battlements". CBS News. 27 September 2011. Retrieved 1 January 2020.
  14. ^ "Doctor Thorne: Visit the real Greshamsbury Park - West Wycombe House in Buckinghamshire". Radio Times.
  15. ^ "When Succession Filmed at Eastnor Castle". Eastnor Estate. 8 January 2020.
  16. ^ "Eastnor Castle TV/Film credits". Eastnor Estate. Retrieved 13 March 2020.
  17. ^ "An American Aristocrat". Radio Times. Retrieved 13 March 2021.

SourcesEdit

External linksEdit