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Eastchester is a working-class neighborhood in the northeast Bronx in New York City. Its boundaries, starting from the north and moving clockwise are the Bronx-Westchester County border to the north, the New England Thruway to the east, Baychester Avenue to the south, and the intersection of 233rd Street and Baychester Avenue to the west. Boston Road is the primary thoroughfare through Eastchester and Dyre Avenue is the main commercial street. Eastchester includes the sub-neighborhood of Edenwald.

Eastchester
The historic PS 15 on Dyre Avenue
The historic PS 15 on Dyre Avenue
Location in New York City
Coordinates: 40°52′55″N 73°49′48″W / 40.882°N 73.83°W / 40.882; -73.83Coordinates: 40°52′55″N 73°49′48″W / 40.882°N 73.83°W / 40.882; -73.83
Country United States
State New York
City New York City
Borough The Bronx
Community DistrictThe Bronx 12[1]
Economics
Ethnicity
ZIP codes
10466 and 10475
Area code718, 347, 929, and 917
Websitewww.eastchester.nyc www.edenwald.nyc

Eastchester is part of Bronx Community Board 12, and its ZIP Codes include 10466 and 10475. The area is patrolled by the 47th Precinct of the New York City Police Department.

HistoryEdit

The neighborhood was historically heavily Ashkenazi-Jewish and Italian-American, It has the same name as a modern-day town located approximately 5 miles to the north, as the neighborhood was included in the Town of Eastchester's extent until the late 19th century upon annexation by the City of New York, its boundaries roughly matching the former Village of Eastchester, which was incorporated on March 25, 1895.[2] The modern-day city of Mount Vernon, located right across the city line and bordering the Eastchester neighborhood, was also once part of the town. While Mount Vernon has developed along similar lines as the neighborhood of Eastchester, the modern-day Town of Eastchester (i.e. north of Mount Vernon) is markedly more affluent.

233rd Street and Boston Road are the major thoroughfares in Eastchester. Intersecting both of these streets, Dyre Avenue is the neighborhood's main commercial strip. There is also a shopping center, Shopwell Plaza (named for the former Shopwell supermarket chain) located on Boston Road next to the Boston-Secor housing project. In 2007 the city's parks department rehabilitated Seton Falls Park.[3]

Since the mid-20th century, the neighborhood's name began to decline in currency, meaning that in recent years residents have not really been cognizant about living in a neighborhood called "Eastchester." This is perhaps due to confusion with Eastchester Road, a thoroughfare which runs through other parts of the Bronx, or with the Town of Eastchester in Westchester County. It is more common to hear the Eastchester neighborhood described as "east of White Plains Road", "south of Mount Vernon", "near Pelham", "East 233rd Street", etc.

Land use and terrainEdit

 
NYCHA Edenwald

Eastchester is dominated by one- and two-family homes of various types, one large public housing project, and an industrial district. The total land area is roughly half a square mile. The area is low-lying and flat. The Hutchinson River runs through Eastchester, partly along the line of East 233rd Street. Bridges in Eastchester carry the New England Thruway and Boston Road over the river. A far northeastern portion of Eastchester, on the left bank of the Hutchinson River, is often confused with Pelham Manor since a nearby shopping center is located in that town.

The Boston Secor Houses, comprising four buildings, 13, 14, 17 and 18 stories tall, is located in Eastchester.[4]

Edenwald Houses is the largest New York City Housing Authority development in the Bronx, with forty buildings, 3 and 14 stories tall, on 48.88 acres (197,800 m2). It has 2,036 apartments housing about 5,300 people. Completed on October 15, 1953, it is bordered by Grenada Place, East 225th Street, Baychester and Laconia Avenues.[5] The Edenwald Projects is divided into two parts, the northside and the southside, which are split by East 229th street. Bordering the south side is the Edenwald Community Center, which provides afterschool care and programs for the youth. During the summer, the center hosts a summer program for kids and jobs for pre-teens.

DemographicsEdit

Eastchester has a population over 5,000. The neighborhood is a mix of African Americans, West Indians, Asians, Hispanics and Whites. 47.8% of the population lives below the poverty line.[6]

The entirety of Community District 12, which comprises Eastchester and Williamsbridge, had 156,542 inhabitants as of NYC Health's 2018 Community Health Profile, with an average life expectancy of 81.0 years.[7]:2, 20 This is about the same as the median life expectancy of 81.2 for all New York City neighborhoods.[8]:53 (PDF p. 84)[9] Most inhabitants are youth and middle-aged adults: 24% are between the ages of between 0–17, 27% between 25–44, and 26% between 45–64. The ratio of college-aged and elderly residents was lower, at 10% and 13% respectively.[7]:2

As of 2017, the median household income in Community District 12 was $48,018.[10] In 2018, an estimated 22% of Eastchester and Williamsbridge residents lived in poverty, compared to 25% in all of the Bronx and 20% in all of New York City. One in eight residents (13%) were unemployed, compared to 13% in the Bronx and 9% in New York City. Rent burden, or the percentage of residents who have difficulty paying their rent, is 57% in Eastchester and Williamsbridge, compared to the boroughwide and citywide rates of 58% and 51% respectively. Based on this calculation, as of 2018, Eastchester and Williamsbridge are considered high-income relative to the rest of the city and not gentrifying.[7]:7

Police and crimeEdit

Eastchester and Williamsbridge are patrolled by the 47th Precinct of the NYPD, located at 4111 Laconia Avenue.[11] The 47th Precinct ranked 35th safest out of 69 patrol areas for per-capita crime in 2010.[12] With a non-fatal assault rate of 82 per 100,000 people, Eastchester and Williamsbridge's rate of violent crimes per capita is more than that of the city as a whole. The incarceration rate of 577 per 100,000 people is higher than that of the city as a whole.[7]:8

The 47th Precinct has a lower crime rate than in the 1990s, with crimes across all categories having decreased by 70.0% between 1990 and 2018. The precinct saw 5 murders, 44 rapes, 337 robberies, 726 felony assaults, 294 burglaries, 520 grand larcenies, and 205 grand larcenies auto in 2018.[13]

Fire safetyEdit

Eastchester is served by the New York City Fire Department (FDNY)'s Engine Co. 38/Ladder Co. 51 fire station at 3446 Eastchester Road.[14][15]

HealthEdit

Preterm and teenage births are more common in Eastchester and Williamsbridge than in other places citywide. In Eastchester and Williamsbridge, there were 102 preterm births per 1,000 live births (compared to 87 per 1,000 citywide), and 24 teenage births per 1,000 live births (compared to 19.3 per 1,000 citywide).[7]:11 Eastchester and Williamsbridge has a low population of residents who are uninsured. In 2018, this population of uninsured residents was estimated to be 8%, lower than the citywide rate of 12%.[7]:14

The concentration of fine particulate matter, the deadliest type of air pollutant, in Eastchester and Williamsbridge is 0.0075 milligrams per cubic metre (7.5×10−9 oz/cu ft), the same as the city average.[7]:9 Eleven percent of Eastchester and Williamsbridge residents are smokers, which is lower than the city average of 14% of residents being smokers.[7]:13 In Eastchester and Williamsbridge, 30% of residents are obese, 14% are diabetic, and 39% have high blood pressure—compared to the citywide averages of 24%, 11%, and 28% respectively.[7]:16 In addition, 24% of children are obese, compared to the citywide average of 20%.[7]:12

Eighty-eight percent of residents eat some fruits and vegetables every day, which is about the same as the city's average of 87%. In 2018, 78% of residents described their health as "good," "very good," or "excellent," equal to the city's average of 78%.[7]:13 For every supermarket in Eastchester and Williamsbridge, there are 8 bodegas.[7]:10

The nearest large hospitals are Calvary Hospital, Montefiore Medical Center's Jack D. Weiler Hospital, and NYC Health + Hospitals/Jacobi in Morris Park. The Albert Einstein College of Medicine campus is also located in Morris Park. In addition, Montefiore Medical Center's Wakefield Campus is located in Williamsbridge.[16]

Post offices and ZIP codesEdit

Eastchester is located within multiple ZIP Codes. Most of the neighborhood, specifically the part north of Boston Road, is located in 10466. The area south of Boston Road is divided into two ZIP Codes: 10475 east of Baychester Avenue and 10469 west of Baychester Avenue.[17] The United States Postal Service operates two post offices nearby: the Hillside Station at 3482 Boston Road[18] and the Co-op City Station at 3300 Conner Street.[19]

EducationEdit

 
New school on Boston Road

Eastchester and Williamsbridge generally have a lower rate of college-educated residents than the rest of the city. While 32% of residents age 25 and older have a college education or higher, 20% have less than a high school education and 48% are high school graduates or have some college education. By contrast, 26% of Bronx residents and 43% of city residents have a college education or higher.[7]:6 The percentage of Eastchester and Williamsbridge students excelling in math rose from 32% in 2000 to 48% in 2011, though reading achievement remained constant at 37% during the same time period.[20]

Eastchester and Williamsbridge's rate of elementary school student absenteeism is slightly higher than the rest of New York City. In Eastchester and Williamsbridge, 29% of elementary school students missed twenty or more days per school year, more than the citywide average of 20%.[8]:24 (PDF p. 55)[7]:6 Additionally, 70% of high school students in Eastchester and Williamsbridge graduate on time, about the same as the citywide average of 75%.[7]:6

SchoolsEdit

The former PS 15 was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1981.[21] There are three public elementary schools, PS 68, PS 111, and PS 112. Sixth grade to eighth grade students attend John Philip Sousa MS 142. There are no public high schools in the area; however, many students attend Harry S. Truman High School in neighboring Co-op City. Those seeking a parochial education can attend Cardinal Spellman High School (co-ed) or either Mount Saint Michael Academy (all boys) in Wakefield or St. Barnabas High School (all girls) in Woodlawn.

LibrariesEdit

The New York Public Library (NYPL)'s Edenwald branch is located at 1255 East 233rd Street. The one-story branch opened in 1973.[22] In addition, the NYPL's Baychester branch is located at 2049 Asch Loop North in Co-op City. The one-story branch building opened in 1973 and was renovated in 2003.[23]

TransportationEdit

Subway service is provided by the New York City Subway via the following IRT Dyre Avenue Line stations, served by the 5 train:[24]

Bus service is provided by the following New York City Bus and Bee-Line Bus System routes:[25]

Notable peopleEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "NYC Planning | Community Profiles". communityprofiles.planning.nyc.gov. New York City Department of City Planning. Retrieved 25 February 2018.
  2. ^ "Documents of the Senate of the State of New York". 1913.
  3. ^ New York City Parks Seton Falls Park
  4. ^ NYCHA Archived May 25, 2015, at the Wayback Machine
  5. ^ Edenwald Houses Archived 2015-02-02 at the Wayback Machine, New York City Housing Authority. Accessed March 4, 2008.
  6. ^ Bronx Community District 12 Archived May 14, 2008, at the Wayback Machine
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o "Williamsbridge and Baychester (Including Baychester, Eastchester, Edenwald, Olinville, Wakefield, Williamsbridge and Woodlawn)" (PDF). nyc.gov. NYC Health. 2018. Retrieved March 2, 2019.
  8. ^ a b "2016-2018 Community Health Assessment and Community Health Improvement Plan: Take Care New York 2020" (PDF). nyc.gov. New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene. 2016. Retrieved September 8, 2017.
  9. ^ "New Yorkers are living longer, happier and healthier lives". New York Post. June 4, 2017. Retrieved March 1, 2019.
  10. ^ "NYC-Bronx Community District 12--Wakefield, Williamsbridge & Woodlawn PUMA, NY". Retrieved July 17, 2018.
  11. ^ "NYPD – 47th Precinct". www.nyc.gov. New York City Police Department. Retrieved October 3, 2016.
  12. ^ "Eastchester: Wakefield, Williamsbridge, Woodlawn – DNAinfo.com Crime and Safety Report". www.dnainfo.com. Archived from the original on April 15, 2017. Retrieved October 6, 2016.
  13. ^ "47th Precinct CompStat Report" (PDF). www.nyc.gov. New York City Police Department. Retrieved July 22, 2018.
  14. ^ "Engine Company 38/Ladder Company 51". FDNYtrucks.com. Retrieved March 14, 2019.
  15. ^ "FDNY Firehouse Listing – Location of Firehouses and companies". NYC Open Data; Socrata. New York City Fire Department. September 10, 2018. Retrieved March 14, 2019.
  16. ^ "Best 30 Hospitals in Bronx, NY with Reviews". Yellow Pages. Retrieved March 14, 2019.
  17. ^ "Wakefield-Williamsbridge, New York City-Bronx, New York Zip Code Boundary Map (NY)". United States Zip Code Boundary Map (USA). Retrieved March 18, 2019.
  18. ^ "Location Details: Hillside". USPS.com. Retrieved March 7, 2019.
  19. ^ "Location Details: Co-op City". USPS.com. Retrieved March 7, 2019.
  20. ^ "Williamsbridge / Baychester – BX 12" (PDF). Furman Center for Real Estate and Urban Policy. 2011. Retrieved October 5, 2016.
  21. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. March 13, 2009.
  22. ^ "About the Edenwald Library". The New York Public Library. Retrieved March 14, 2019.
  23. ^ "About the Baychester Library". The New York Public Library. Retrieved March 14, 2019.
  24. ^ "Subway Map" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. October 21, 2019. Retrieved January 18, 2018.
  25. ^ "Bronx Bus Map" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. September 2017. Retrieved April 24, 2018.
  26. ^ May, Hana. "88-Keys", Hearty. Accessed September 8, 2019. "Exactly. I learned that early in life. When I used to live in the Bronx and I lived in East Chester and I was thinking, Man my parents they're not doctors or anything but they're in the medical field so they're doing okay and then I look at all the kids who are living in the projects and in Edemore projects and they have new sneakers like every three weeks."
  27. ^ "Bronx Basketball's Weekend of Giving Back", News 12 Networks 27 August 2018.
  28. ^ 5 Things To Know About Love & Hip Hop Star Dreamdoll from VH1.com 14 November 2017
  29. ^ ‘’Jerry Gonzalez, Latin Jazz Visionary dies after House Fire from NPR 1 October 2018
  30. ^ Stout, David. "Leo Isacson, 86, Upset Winner of a Bronx Congressional Seat", The New York Times, September 25, 1996. Accessed September 8, 2019. "After leaving office, Mr. Isacson lived for about 25 years in Eastchester."
  31. ^ Byrd, Ayana. "Sharissa: A Woman's Worth", Vibe (magazine), March 2002. Accessed September 8, 2019. "Raised in the Bronx's Edenwald projects, Sharissa began singing in the streets outside her home 11 years ago."
  32. ^ "Bronx Basketball's Weekend of Giving Back", News 12 Networks 27 August 2018.