East Wicklow (UK Parliament constituency)

East Wicklow, a division of County Wicklow, was a parliamentary constituency in Ireland, represented in the Parliament of the United Kingdom. From 1885 to 1922 it returned one Member of Parliament (MP) to the House of Commons of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.

East Wicklow
Former county constituency
for the House of Commons
18851922
Number of members1
Replaced byKildare–Wicklow
Created fromWicklow

Until the 1885 general election the area was part of the Wicklow constituency. From 1922 it was not represented in the UK Parliament, as it was no longer in the UK.

BoundariesEdit

This constituency comprised the eastern part of County Wicklow. In 1918, the boundary of the constituency was expanded to include that part of the Bray urban district transferred from County Dublin to County Wicklow under the 1898 Local Government (Ireland) Act.

1885–1918: The baronies of Arklow, Newcastle and Rathdown, and that part of the barony of Ballinacor North contained within the parish of Calary.

1918–1922: The existing East Wicklow constituency, together with that part of the existing South Dublin constituency contained within the administrative county of Wicklow.

Members of ParliamentEdit

Election Member Party
1885 William Joseph Corbet Nationalist
1890 National League (Parnellite)
1892 John Sweetman National Federation (Anti-Parnellite)
1895 Edward Peter O'Kelly National Federation (Anti-Parnellite)
1895 William Joseph Corbet National League (Parnellite)
1900 Denis Joseph Cogan Nationalist
1907 John Muldoon Nationalist
1911 Anthony Donelan Nationalist
1918 Seán Etchingham Sinn Féin
1922 UK constituency abolished

ElectionsEdit

Elections in the 1880sEdit

General election 1885: East Wicklow[1]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Irish Parliamentary William Joseph Corbet 3,385 77.2
Irish Conservative George Tottenham 1,000 22.8
Majority 2,385 54.4
Turnout 4,385 78.7
Registered electors 5,569
Irish Parliamentary win (new seat)
General election 1886: East Wicklow[1]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Irish Parliamentary William Joseph Corbet 3,101 75.9 −1.3
Irish Unionist George Tottenham 984 24.1 +1.3
Majority 2,117 51.8 −2.6
Turnout 4,085 73.4 −5.3
Registered electors 5,569
Irish Parliamentary hold Swing −1.3

Elections in the 1890sEdit

General election 1892: East Wicklow[1]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Irish National Federation John Sweetman 1,433 38.0 N/A
Irish Unionist Robert Halpin 1,225 32.5 +8.4
Irish National League William Joseph Corbet 1,115 29.6 −46.3
Majority 208 5.5 N/A
Turnout 3,773 82.3 +8.9
Registered electors 4,583
Irish National Federation gain from Irish Parliamentary Swing N/A

Sweetman resigns to re-stand as a Parnellite Nationalist, prompting a by-election.

By-election, 1895: East Wicklow[1]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Irish National Federation Edward Peter O'Kelly 1,253 34.7 −3.3
Irish National League John Sweetman 1,191 33.0 +3.4
Irish Unionist George Tottenham 1,165 32.3 −0.2
Majority 62 1.7 −3.8
Turnout 3,609 80.9 −1.4
Registered electors 4,461
Irish National Federation hold Swing −3.4
General election 1895: East Wicklow[1]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Irish National League William Joseph Corbet 1,295 35.7 +6.1
Irish Unionist George Tottenham 1,208 33.3 +0.8
Irish National Federation Francis Arthur O'Keeffe 1,127 31.0 −7.0
Majority 87 2.4 N/A
Turnout 3,630 81.4 −0.9
Registered electors 4,461
Irish National League gain from Irish National Federation Swing +2.7

Elections in the 1900sEdit

General election 1900: East Wicklow[1]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Irish Parliamentary Denis Joseph Cogan Unopposed
Registered electors 4,827
Irish Parliamentary hold
General election 1906: East Wicklow[1]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Irish Parliamentary Denis Joseph Cogan Unopposed
Registered electors 4,954
Irish Parliamentary hold

Cogan resigns, causing a by-election.

By-election, 1907: East Wicklow[1]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Irish Parliamentary John Muldoon Unopposed
Registered electors 4,991
Irish Parliamentary hold

Elections in the 1910sEdit

General election January 1910: East Wicklow[1]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Irish Parliamentary John Muldoon Unopposed
Registered electors 4,710
Irish Parliamentary hold
General election December 1910: East Wicklow[1]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Irish Parliamentary John Muldoon 2,384 65.2 N/A
Irish Unionist Hugh Melville Howard 1,275 34.8 New
Majority 1,109 30.4 N/A
Turnout 3,659 77.7 N/A
Registered electors 4,710
Irish Parliamentary hold Swing N/A

Muldoon resigns, prompting a by-election.

By-election, 1911: East Wicklow[1]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Irish Parliamentary Anthony Donelan Unopposed
Registered electors 4,875
Irish Parliamentary hold
General Election 1918: East Wicklow[2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Sinn Féin Seán Etchingham 5,916 53.9 New
Irish Unionist Alexander Parker Keene 2,600 23.7 -11.1
Irish Parliamentary Denis Joseph Cogan 2,466 22.4 -42.8
Majority 3,316 30.2 N/A
Turnout 10,982 72.1 -5.6
Registered electors 15,241
Sinn Féin gain from Irish Parliamentary Swing N/A

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Walker, B.M., ed. (1978). Parliamentary Election Results in Ireland, 1801-1922. Dublin: Royal Irish Academy. ISBN 0901714127.
  2. ^ "The Irish General Election of 1918".