East West Gas Pipeline (India)

Pipeline Infrastructure Limited[5] or East West Gas Pipeline (EWPL) is a project implemented to transport gas from Kakinada (Andhra Pradesh) to Bharuch (Gujarat) including various spurs and interconnects on the way. EWPL traverses through the Indian states of Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Karnataka, Maharashtra and Gujarat. EWPL has been authorized as a common carrier pipeline.[6] It is a wholly owned subsidiary of India Infrastructure Trust, which is owned by Brookfield Asset Management.[7]
The East West Gas Pipeline supplies Natural gas to RIL's vast petrochemical complex at Gujarat and delivers gas to numerous customers via branch line connections along its length. The pipeline system features multiple compressor stations, numerous metering facilities at branch take-offs and an advanced control and communications network. The project is the first and largest privately owned cross-country pipeline in India and the backbone of India's burgeoning natural gas grid.

East West Gas Pipeline
Location
CountryIndia
StateAndhra Pradesh, Gujarat
General directionEast to West
FromKakinada, Andhra Pradesh
Passes throughTelangana, Karnataka & Maharashtra
ToBharuch, Gujarat
Runs alongside18 National Highways, 66 State Highways, 708 roads, 17 railway lines, and 372 rivers & canals.
General information
TypeGas Pipeline
OwnerIndia Infrastructure Trust[1]
ContractorsChina Petroleum Pipeline Bureau, Punj Lloyd, Stroytransgaz[2][3]
Construction started2006
Commissioned2008[4]
Technical information
Length1,386 km (861 mi)
Diameter1,219.2 mm (48 in)
No. of compressor stations11

Gas sourceEdit

The current gas source for EWPL is KG-D6 gas block located in Krishna Godavari Basin, 30 to 50 km offshore of the east coast of India. RIL has set up an Onshore Terminal at Gadimoga near Kakinada.

System configurationEdit

EWPL is a 48 inches (120 cm) uniform diameter (API 5L Grade X-70) pipeline across the entire trunk length of around 1375 km with wall thicknesses 17.2, 20.7 and 25.4 mm depending on the code requirement. The pipeline is 3LPE (three layer polyethylene) coated; internally epoxy lined, helically spiral submerged arc welded (for 17.2 mm) and longitudinal submerged arc welded (for 20.7 mm and 25.4 mm). Impressed current cathodic protection system has been provided to supplement the coating system for protection against external corrosion. Maximum Allowable Operating Pressure (MAOP) of the pipeline is 98.0 bar(g).[8]

Gas priceEdit

In 2020, Indian government fixed the natural gas price at producer end (on shore point) as US$4.06 per million British thermal units ($13.85/MWh) on net calorific value (NCV) basis from KG-D6 field.[9] However the enhanced price would be applicable only after compensating the shortfall gas in the previous years. The earlier price of $4.2 per million BTU on gross calorific value (GCV) basis is calculated already at maximum price cap of Brent crude of $60 per barrel (159 liters) under the applicable formula linking the price of gas per million BTU (GP) to the price of oil:

GP = 2.5 + (OP – 25) ^0.15

where OP is the annual average Brent crude price for the previous FY, with a cap of $60 per barrel and a floor of $25 per barrel.[10] As the annual Brent price has always been above $60 from 2007 to 2014, the revised gas price at $5.61 during the year 2014 is in excess of the applicable maximum price by nearly 20%.

ControversiesEdit

Money launderingEdit

EWPL is under investigation by the Indian regulators over potential laundering of $1.2 bn by the company.[11]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Brookfield to acquire Mukesh Ambani's gas pipeline company for Rs 13,000 crore". Retrieved 5 June 2019.
  2. ^ "China National Wins Reliance Gas Pipeline Contract in India". Bloomberg. 8 July 2014.
  3. ^ "East-West gas pipeline - Stroytransgaz". Archived from the original on 10 November 2013. Retrieved 10 November 2013.
  4. ^ "Gulf - East-West Gas Pipeline Project". Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 10 November 2013.
  5. ^ "About PIL | PIL - Pipeline Infrastructure Limited". pipelineinfra.com. Retrieved 24 February 2021.
  6. ^ "::Welcome To RGTIL website::". Archived from the original on 10 November 2013. Retrieved 10 November 2013.
  7. ^ Pathak, Kalpana (14 March 2019). "Brookfield to acquire RIL's East-West Pipeline for ₹13,000 crore". mint. Retrieved 24 February 2021.
  8. ^ Crossing India’s Narmada River using HDD — Pipelines International — The international pipeline magazine
  9. ^ "Reliance, BP to get govt capped price of USD 4.06 for new gas from KG-D6". Retrieved 20 December 2020.
  10. ^ Anne-Sophie Corbeau. "Natural Gas in India" (PDF). International Energy Agency. p. 27. Retrieved 25 October 2014.
  11. ^ "PNGRB scanning EWPL records after reports of laundering of $1.2 billion". The Financial Express. 11 April 2019. Retrieved 10 March 2021.

External linksEdit