Open main menu

East Stroudsburg is a borough in Monroe County, Pennsylvania, United States. It is located in the Poconos region of the state. Originally known as "Dansbury," East Stroudsburg was renamed for geographic reasons when the Delaware, Lackawanna, and Western Railroad opened a station in town. It lies east of Stroudsburg and is more populous than that town. East Stroudsburg is the largest municipality in Monroe County and in the East Stroudsburg, PA Metropolitan Statistical Area[3] as designated by the Office of Management and Budget based on data from the 2010 US Census.

Borough of East Stroudsburg US
East Stroudsburg's borough hall
East Stroudsburg's borough hall
Location of East Stroudsburg in Monroe County, Pennsylvania.
Location of East Stroudsburg in Monroe County, Pennsylvania.
East Stroudsburg is located in Pennsylvania
East Stroudsburg
East Stroudsburg
Location of East Stroudsburg in Pennsylvania
East Stroudsburg is located in the United States
East Stroudsburg
East Stroudsburg
East Stroudsburg (the United States)
Coordinates: 41°00′05″N 75°10′48″W / 41.00139°N 75.18000°W / 41.00139; -75.18000Coordinates: 41°00′05″N 75°10′48″W / 41.00139°N 75.18000°W / 41.00139; -75.18000
CountryUnited States
StatePennsylvania
CountyMonroe
Founded1738
Area
 • City2.86 sq mi (7.41 km2)
 • Land2.84 sq mi (7.37 km2)
 • Water0.02 sq mi (0.04 km2)
Elevation
466 ft (142 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • City9,840
 • Estimate 
(2018)[2]
10,384
 • Density3,617.09/sq mi (1,396.48/km2)
 • Metro
176,567 µSA
Time zoneUTC-5 (EST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP Codes
18301-18302
Area code(s)570
FIPS code42-21872
Websiteeaststroudsburgboro.org

The population was 11,922 at the 2010 census.

GeographyEdit

East Stroudsburg is located at 41°0′5″N 75°10′48″W / 41.00139°N 75.18000°W / 41.00139; -75.18000 (41.001442, -75.180111).[4] According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough has a total area of 2.9 square miles (7.5 km2), all of it land. When traveling west on Interstate 80, East Stroudsburg is the second town from the NJ-PA border on exit 309.

DemographicsEdit

Census Pop.
18801,162
18901,81956.5%
19002,64845.6%
19103,33025.8%
19204,85545.8%
19306,09925.6%
19406,4045.0%
19507,27413.6%
19607,6745.5%
19707,8942.9%
19808,0391.8%
19908,7819.2%
20009,88812.6%
201011,92220.6%
Est. 201810,384[2]−12.9%
Sources:[5][6][7]

As of the census[8] of 2010, there were 11,922 people, 3,145 households, and 1,855 families residing in the borough. The population density was 3,445.6 people per square mile (1,330.2/km2). There were 3,331 housing units at an average density of 1,160.7 per square mile (448.1/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 41.24% White, 52.88%[9] African American, 0.22% Native American, 1.56% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 1.80% from other races, and 2.37% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.56% of the population.

There were 3,331 households, out of which 27.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.9% were married couples living together, 12.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 41.0% were non-families. 31.1% of all households were made up of individuals, and 13.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 3.04.

In the borough the population was spread out, with 18.0% under the age of 18, 30.3% from 18 to 24, 22.0% from 25 to 44, 16.1% from 45 to 64, and 13.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 26 years. For every 100 females there were 86.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 81.7 males.

The median income for a household in the borough was $36,601, and the median income for a family was $44,044. Males had a median income of $34,764 versus $21,742 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $14,909. About 9.1% of families and 15.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.7% of those under age 18 and 11.0% of those age 65 or over.

HistoryEdit

The area of Stroudsburg was first permanently settled in 1738, when James Monroe received a warrant of 600 acres in Bucks County, now Monroe County along the east bank of the Analomink or Smithfield Creek; now named Brodhead Creek. An additional warrant for 150 acres on the west bank was given to Brodhead in 1750. Brodhead, a judge, was friendly with the local Indians, as well as with the Moravian missionaries who came to the area from Bethlehem, Pennsylvania.

The East Stroudsburg Armory and East Stroudsburg Station are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.[10]

EducationEdit

SportsEdit

Pocono Snow is an American soccer team based in East Stroudsburg, Pennsylvania, United States. Founded in 2008, the team plays in National Premier Soccer League, a national amateur league at the fourth tier of the American Soccer Pyramid, in the Eastern Keystone Division. The team plays its home games at Eiler-Martin Stadium on the campus of East Stroudsburg University, where they have played since 2009. The team's colors are orange, blue, and white.

Health systemEdit

Lehigh Valley Hospital-Pocono is a member of the Lehigh Valley Health Network-Pocono that manages five healthcare subsidiaries to collectively provide services to residents and visitors of Monroe County and surrounding counties in Pennsylvania and New Jersey. Pocono Medical Center began as General Hospital, and was founded in East Stroudsburg on Courtland Street in 1915; it became Lehigh Valley Hospital-Pocono in 2017.

TransportationEdit

AirportEdit

Stroudsburg-Pocono Airport is located near East Stroudsburg, in Smithfield Township, Monroe County, Pennsylvania. Stroudsburg-Pocono Airport serves East Stroudsburg and Monroe County and is owned by Robert Strenz. The paved runway extends for 3087 feet. The facility is at an elevation of 480 feet. The airport offers activities such as the Sky's the Limit Skydiving Center and a golf driving range.

TransitEdit

The Monroe County Transit Authority, sometimes known as the Pocono Pony, serves Monroe County with five bus routes. Two of those routes, the Red and Yellow routes, serve East Stroudsburg. The Red route connects the central business district with adjacent Stroudsburg and Pocono Medical Center. The Yellow Route serves the Northern and Eastern portions of the borough, connecting them with the Stroud Mall, and the Marshall's Creek, PA area.[11]

RailwayEdit

East Stroudsburg station formerly served East Stroudsburg, but the last Erie Lackawanna Railway passenger train stopped there January, 1970. There are plans for the New Jersey Transit to run through and reopen this station.[12] Most of this project however, is currently not funded. Only the MOS (Minimum Operable Segment) of the project is being built so far, from where the Eastern end of the Lackawanna Cut-Off separates from the former Lackawanna RR main line at Port Morris Jct. to Andover, New Jersey. The track Eastward from East Stroudsburg to Slateford Junction is still in service and used by the Delaware-Lackawanna Railroad three times a week both to service a paper plant at Minisink Hills and interchange freight with Norfolk Southern at Slateford Jct. Heading West from East Stroudsburg the former Delaware, Lackawanna and Western (Lackawanna) double-track mainline still has a usable single track through to Scranton. The Delaware Lackawanna Railroad provides local freight service over this segment, and passenger excursions from Steamtown, USA (located in Scranton) are run several times a year to East Stroudsburg and to the Delaware Water Gap.

Pennsylvania Northeast Regional Rail Authority ProjectEdit

Rail transportation plays an important part in the history of the borough and continues to have an impact today. The Pennsylvania Northeast Regional Rail Authority is a bi-county creation of both Lackawanna County and Monroe County to oversee the use of common rail freight lines in northeastern Pennsylvania, including one formerly owned by Conrail running from Scranton, through East Stroudsburg towards New Jersey, and the New York City market. There is an effort to re-establish rail passenger service via New Jersey Transit between Scranton and Hoboken, New Jersey by way of the Lackawanna Cut-Off, with connecting service into Manhattan. The first physical work of this project began in 2011.[13] Grants have been committed to bridge restoration to ensure the restoration of train movement.[14]

MediaEdit

PrintEdit

The Pocono Record is the newspaper for Monroe County. Its coverage area centers on Stroudsburg and East Stroudsburg and includes the area's many small communities. The newspaper also covers parts of Pike, Lackawanna, Wayne and Carbon counties as well as areas of western New Jersey.

RadioEdit

WESS at (90.3 FM) broadcasts from the Borough of East Stroudsburg as a service of East Stroudsburg University. Students and Faculty of the University provide programing often, and the station rebroadcasts BBC World Service when live DJs are not available.

WSBG (93.5 FM) is a radio station broadcasting a soft adult contemporary format. Licensed to Stroudsburg, the station serves the Greater Stroudsburg area. Currently owned by iHeart Radio.

WRTI as repeated by station WRTY (91.1 FM) from Jackson Township - Temple University News, Jazz, and NPR

WXPJ at (91.9 FM) as broadcast from Hackettstown, NJ from Centenary College - independent programing and music, NPR

WHCY at (106.3 FM) is a radio station broadcasting a Contemporary Hit Radio format. It is owned by iHeart Radio.

WKRF at 107.9 FM is a radio station simulcasting a Contemporary Hit Radio format from WKRZ-FM (98.5-Freeland/Wilkes-Barre/Scranton).

Notable peopleEdit

Historical sitesEdit

  • East Stroudsburg Railroad Station (Date Listed: June 27, 1980) is an restored train station built in 1864 by the Delaware, Lackawanna and Western Railroad. The station served as the local stop for both East Stroudsburg and Stroudsburg, Pennsylvania. The depot, known locally as the Dansbury Depot for the original town name of Dansbury for Daniel Brodhead, is located at 5 S. Kistler St Street in downtown East Stroudsburg. Passenger service ended in January 1970 with the discontinuance of the Hoboken-Chicago Lake Cities, the last long-distance passenger train operated by DL&W successor Erie Lackawanna. The depot houses historical information and is used for a community center. Music on Mondays at Dansbury Depot and various festivals are held throughout the year. It was restored with community grants from the R. Dale and Frances Hughes Foundation, The East Stroudsburg Savings Foundation, and a Monroe County Hotel Tax Grant.
  • East Stroudsburg Armory (Date Listed: May 9, 1991) is located on Washington Street in downtown East Stroudsburg.
  • Zion Lutheran Church (Date Listed: November 9, 1972) is a historic church built in 1851 in eastern East Stroudsburg.

ClimateEdit

According to the Trewartha climate classification system, East Stroudsburg has a Temperate Continental climate with hot summers, cold winters and year-around precipitation (Dcao). Dcao climates are characterized by at least one month having an average mean temperature ≤ 32.0 °F (0 °C), four to seven months with an average mean temperature ≥ 50.0 °F (10 °C), at least one month with an average mean temperature ≥ 72.0 °F (22 °C) and no significant precipitation difference between seasons. Although most summer days are slightly humid in East Stroudsburg, episodes of heat and high humidity can occur with heat index values > 102 °F (39 °C). Since 1981, the highest air temperature was 100.3 °F (38 °C) on 07/22/2011, and the highest daily average mean dew point was 72.7 °F (23 °C) on 08/01/2006. July is the peak month for thunderstorm activity which correlates with the average warmest month of the year. The average wettest month is September which correlates with tropical storm remnants during the peak month of the Atlantic hurricane season. Since 1981, the wettest calendar day was 6.36 inches (162 mm) on 10/08/2005. During the winter months, the plant hardiness zone is 6a with an average annual extreme minimum air temperature of −5.4 °F (−21 °C).[15] Since 1981, the coldest air temperature was −18.0 °F (−28 °C) on 01/21/1994. Episodes of extreme cold and wind can occur with wind chill values < −17 °F (−27 °C). The average snowiest month is January which correlates with the average coldest month of the year. Ice storms and large snowstorms depositing ≥ 12 inches (30 cm) of snow occur once every couple of years, particularly during nor’easters from December through February.

Climate data for East Stroudsburg, Elevation 531 ft (162 m), 1981-2010 normals, extremes 1981-2018
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 68.6
(20.3)
77.0
(25.0)
86.3
(30.2)
94.4
(34.7)
94.5
(34.7)
95.3
(35.2)
100.3
(37.9)
98.7
(37.1)
96.3
(35.7)
87.9
(31.1)
79.5
(26.4)
71.1
(21.7)
100.3
(37.9)
Average high °F (°C) 36.1
(2.3)
39.8
(4.3)
48.8
(9.3)
61.6
(16.4)
71.9
(22.2)
79.9
(26.6)
83.9
(28.8)
82.3
(27.9)
75.1
(23.9)
63.6
(17.6)
52.3
(11.3)
40.4
(4.7)
61.4
(16.3)
Daily mean °F (°C) 27.0
(−2.8)
29.9
(−1.2)
37.9
(3.3)
49.2
(9.6)
59.3
(15.2)
68.0
(20.0)
72.4
(22.4)
70.9
(21.6)
63.5
(17.5)
51.9
(11.1)
42.3
(5.7)
31.9
(−0.1)
50.4
(10.2)
Average low °F (°C) 17.9
(−7.8)
20.1
(−6.6)
27.0
(−2.8)
36.9
(2.7)
46.7
(8.2)
56.1
(13.4)
60.9
(16.1)
59.5
(15.3)
51.9
(11.1)
40.3
(4.6)
32.3
(0.2)
23.4
(−4.8)
39.5
(4.2)
Record low °F (°C) −18.0
(−27.8)
−8.6
(−22.6)
−0.5
(−18.1)
14.3
(−9.8)
27.1
(−2.7)
36.4
(2.4)
42.6
(5.9)
38.0
(3.3)
29.8
(−1.2)
19.8
(−6.8)
6.1
(−14.4)
−7.1
(−21.7)
−18.0
(−27.8)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 3.40
(86)
2.97
(75)
3.64
(92)
4.11
(104)
4.43
(113)
4.48
(114)
4.52
(115)
4.41
(112)
4.97
(126)
4.77
(121)
4.02
(102)
4.09
(104)
49.81
(1,265)
Average snowfall inches (cm) 14.5
(37)
10.4
(26)
10.8
(27)
2.6
(6.6)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.1
(0.25)
2.7
(6.9)
8.7
(22)
49.9
(127)
Average relative humidity (%) 69.1 64.3 59.6 57.4 61.8 68.9 68.9 71.7 72.8 71.0 69.4 70.5 67.1
Average dew point °F (°C) 18.2
(−7.7)
19.3
(−7.1)
25.1
(−3.8)
34.8
(1.6)
46.2
(7.9)
57.4
(14.1)
61.6
(16.4)
61.3
(16.3)
54.6
(12.6)
42.8
(6.0)
33.0
(0.6)
23.4
(−4.8)
39.9
(4.4)
Source: PRISM[16]

EcologyEdit

According to the A. W. Kuchler U.S. potential natural vegetation types, East Stroudsburg would have a dominant vegetation type of Appalachian Oak (104) with a dominant vegetation form of Eastern Hardwood Forest (25).[17] The peak spring bloom typically occurs in late-April and peak fall color usually occurs in mid-October. The plant hardiness zone is 6a with an average annual extreme minimum air temperature of −5.4 °F (−21 °C).[15]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "2017 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Mar 24, 2019.
  2. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved August 16, 2019.
  3. ^ Metropolitan and Micropolitan - Delineation Files - People and Households - U.S. Census Bureau Archived 2013-07-05 at the Wayback Machine. Census.gov. Retrieved on 2013-08-09.
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  5. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 26 April 2015. Retrieved 11 December 2013.
  6. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  7. ^ "Incorporated Places and Minor Civil Divisions Datasets: Subcounty Resident Population Estimates: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Population Estimates. U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 11 June 2013. Retrieved 11 December 2013.
  8. ^ "East Stroudsburg borough, Pennsylvania". US Census Bureau. Retrieved 2009-07-08.
  9. ^ Lynn Ondrusek Pocono Record Writer. "Mixing it up: Monroe County schools more diverse than ever". poconorecord.com. Retrieved 27 April 2016.
  10. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. July 9, 2010.
  11. ^ Pocono Pony Routes Archived October 5, 2011, at the Wayback Machine
  12. ^ New Jersey Transit. Njtransit.com. Retrieved on 2013-08-09.
  13. ^ "New Jersey Transit". Retrieved 27 April 2016.
  14. ^ Stacy M. Brown, "Pocono Record," May 17, 2016 http://www.poconorecord.com/news/20160517/grants-keep-poconos-to-new-york-commuter-train-moving
  15. ^ a b "USDA Interactive Plant Hardiness Map". United States Department of Agriculture. Retrieved September 3, 2019.
  16. ^ "PRISM Climate Group, Oregon State University". Retrieved September 3, 2019.
  17. ^ "U.S. Potential Natural Vegetation, Original Kuchler Types, v2.0 (Spatially Adjusted to Correct Geometric Distortions)". Retrieved September 3, 2019.

External linksEdit