East Side Kids

The East Side Kids were characters in a series of films released by Monogram Pictures from 1940 through 1945. Many of them were originally part of The Dead End Kids and The Little Tough Guys, and several of them later became members of The Bowery Boys.

HistoryEdit

When Samuel Goldwyn turned the play Dead End into the 1937 film version, he recruited the original tough-talking kids from the play (Leo Gorcey, Huntz Hall, Bobby Jordan, Gabriel Dell, Billy Halop, and Bernard Punsly) to repeat their roles in the film. This led to the making of six other films starring The Dead End Kids. The most successful of these features were Angels with Dirty Faces (1938) with James Cagney and Humphrey Bogart, and They Made Me a Criminal (1939), starring John Garfield. Universal offered a competing series, under the Little Tough Guys brand name, later combining the Little Tough Guys cast members with the Dead End Kids (minus Gorcey) as the Dead End Kids and Little Tough Guys series.

The East Side KidsEdit

In 1940 producer Sam Katzman, noting the financial success of other tough-kid series, made the film East Side Kids using two of the 'Little Tough Guys', Hally Chester and Harris Berger. He added former Our Gang player Donald Haines, Frankie Burke, radio actor Sam Edwards, and Eddie Brian to round out the new team. The film served as a kind of "pilot" for a possible series of films, which were eventually made possible by this film's success.

Katzman hired former Dead End Kid Bobby Jordan to play the lead in the first film in the series proper, Boys of the City and he was soon joined in the series by Leo Gorcey. Gorcey's brother David was also added, as well as (Ernie) 'Sunshine' Sammy Morrison as "Scruno," the only African-American in the group and a former child actor from the very first cast of the Our Gang comedy team.

In the first few films, Dave O'Brien (familiar from low-budget westerns and serials, and as the accident-prone star of the Pete Smith comedies) played Jordan's older brother Knuckles Dolan, who always seemed to be getting roped into chaperoning the kids from adventure to adventure. O'Brien appeared in different roles as well—continuity between films was often ignored. As with the Little Tough Guys, the membership of the team changed from film to film, until Huntz Hall joined in 1941, when the lineup was somewhat stabilized. In total, 20 actors were members of the team at one time or another.

Always the outsider, Gabriel Dell drifted in and out of the series as a gang-member, a reporter, or a small-time hoodlum (as in Million Dollar Kid). In Smart Alecks he's an ex-member who left the gang to pursue a life of crime. Stanley Clements also appeared in Smart Alecks as well as 'Neath Brooklyn Bridge and Ghosts on the Loose. After Gorcey left the subsequent "Bowery Boys" series in 1956, Clements was chosen to replace him in the last seven films.

Monogram (which later became Allied Artists) was notorious for its "Poverty Row" productions, and the East Side films were no exception. With a minuscule budget of around $33,000 per feature and a tight shooting schedule of only 5–7 days, the series churned out three or four movies a year (an astonishing 21 films in less than six years). There was no time or money for subtlety, story development, or more than one or two takes per scene.

The stories always centered on the tough, pugnacious "Muggs McGinnis" (Gorcey) or the more innocent, clean-cut "Danny" (Bobby Jordan). Huntz Hall's "Glimpy" began as a minor character who grew in prominence as he was given a larger comedic role over the course of the series. The loose format proved flexible enough to shift back and forth between urban drama (That Gang of Mine), murder mystery (Boys of the City), boxing melodrama (Bowery Blitzkrieg), and horror-comedy (Spooks Run Wild), with the kids confronting various stock villains: gangsters, smugglers, spies, and crooked gamblers, along the way. The East Side films were problem-teen melodramas until 1943, when director William Beaudine joined the series and emphasized the comedy content. He encouraged the actors to improvise freely, adding to the films' spontaneous charm.

The contemporaneous events of World War II affected the series as well as the cast. In 1943 Béla Lugosi (who was in Spooks Run Wild) returned as a Nazi saboteur in the incongruously-titled Ghosts on the Loose which also featured a young Ava Gardner; a German-Japanese spy ring was thwarted in the blatantly patriotic Let's Get Tough! from 1942 (with Gabriel Dell, of all people, as a Nazi spy). At the end of Kid Dynamite Muggs, Danny, and Glimpy enlist and show off their uniforms. In Follow The Leader (1944), Muggs and Glimpy appear in uniform as they are on leave from the Army. Offscreen, between 1942 and 1944, cast members Billy Benedict, Morrison, Jordan, Dell, and David Gorcey left the series after being drafted. A few days after receiving his induction notice, Leo Gorcey suffered a near-fatal motorcycle accident and spent almost a year in recovery. His injuries led to a 4-F classification, rendering him unfit for military service.

During Bobby Jordan's absence, his role in the series was taken by former child actor David Durand. Durand had been the star of Columbia's series of "Glove Slingers" campus comedies, and lent the same earnest sincerity to his East Side Kids appearances. (Jordan returned in 1944, in uniform, for a guest appearance in Bowery Champs.)

Starting with Clancy Street Boys in 1943, Bernard Gorcey (Leo's father) did various bit parts, playing different characters in a total of seven films. In Million Dollar Kid he and Leo exchanged banter borrowed from an Abbott and Costello routine. He later became a fixture with The Bowery Boys.

Given the low budgets, simplistic stories, and crude, assembly-line production of the East Side Kids series, its enduring popularity relies on the cast's rambunctious energy, breezy banter (often ad-libbed and containing inside jokes), fast-paced action, and Leo Gorcey's trademark malapropisms ("This calls for drastic measurements").

The East Side Kids series was supplanted by The Bowery Boys in 1946.

List of East Side KidsEdit

  • Bennie Bartlett as Beanie/Benny (1943)
  • Bill Bates as Sleepy/Dave (1943)
  • Harris Berger as Danny Dolan (1940)
  • Leo Borden as Aristotles/Pete (1945)
  • Eddie Brian as Mike (1940)
  • Frankie Burke as Skinny (1940)
  • Dick Chandlee as Stash/Skinny (1943)
  • Bill Chaney as Tobey (1944)
  • Hal E. Chester as Fred 'Dutch' Kuhn (1940)
  • Stanley Clements as Stash (1942–1943)
  • Gabriel Dell as Charlie Manning/Hank Salka/Skid/Harry Wycoff/Dips Nolan/Lefty/Fingers Belmont/Pinky/Skinny/Jim Lindsay/Talman/Pete (1942–1945)
  • Johnny Duncan as Roy Cortland/Squeegie Robinson/Gilbert Mitchell (1944–1945)
  • Dave Durand as Skinny/Danny/Dave (1943–1944)
  • Jack Edwards as Algernon 'Mouse' Wilkes (1940)
  • Sam Edwards as Pete (1940)
  • Eugene Francis as Algernon 'Algy' Wilkes (1940–1941)
  • David Gorcey as Pete/Peewee (1940–1942)
  • Leo Gorcey as Ethelbert 'Muggs' (or 'Mugs') McGinnis (Maloney in early films) (1940–1945)
  • Buddy Gorman as Skinny/Stinkie/Slug/Shorty/Danny/Sammy (1943–1945)
  • Donald Haines as Peewee/Skinny (1940–1941)
  • Huntz Hall as Glimpy/Limpy (1941–1945)
  • Bobby Jordan as Danny/Bobby Jordan (1940–1943, 1944)
  • Mende Koenig as Sam/Danny (1945)
  • Bill Lawrence as Skinny (1942)
  • Eddie Mills as Dave/Eddie (1943)
  • "Sunshine Sammy" Morrison as Scruno (1940–1943, 1944)
  • Al Stone as Herbie (1944)
  • Bobby Stone as Willie/Louie/Monk Martin/Chalky Jones/Skinny/Stoney/Rocky/Dave/Speed (1940–1944)
  • Jimmy Strand as Rocky/Pinkie/Lou/Dave/Danny (1943–1945)

FilmographyEdit

Year Title Director Screenplay Story
1940 East Side Kids Robert F. Hill William Lively William Lively
1940 Boys of the City Joseph H. Lewis William Lively William Lively
1940 That Gang of Mine Joseph H. Lewis William Lively Alan Whitman
1940 Pride of the Bowery Joseph H. Lewis George H. Plympton
William Lively (adaptation)
Steven Clensos
1941 Flying Wild William West Al Martin Al Martin
1941 Bowery Blitzkrieg Wallace Fox Sam Robins Brendan Wood
Donn Mullahy
1941 Spooks Run Wild Phil Rosen Carl Foreman
Charles R. Marion
Carl Foreman
Charles R. Marion
1942 Mr. Wise Guy William Nigh Sam Robins
Harvey Gates
Jack Henley
Martin Mooney
1942 Let's Get Tough! Wallace Fox Harvey Gates Harvey Gates
1942 Smart Alecks Wallace Fox Harvey Gates Harvey Gates
1942 'Neath Brooklyn Bridge Wallace Fox Harvey Gates Harvey Gates
1943 Kid Dynamite Wallace Fox Gerald Schnitzer
Morey Amsterdam (dialogue)
Paul Ernst
1943 Clancy Street Boys William Beaudine Harvey Gates Harvey Gates
1943 Ghosts on the Loose William Beaudine Kenneth Higgins Kenneth Higgins
1943 Mr. Muggs Steps Out William Beaudine William Beaudine
Beryl Sachs
William Beaudine
Beryl Sachs
1944 Million Dollar Kid Wallace Fox Frank H. Young Frank H. Young
1944 Follow the Leader William Beaudine William Beaudine
Beryl Sachs
Ande Lamb
1944 Block Busters Wallace Fox Houston Branch Houston Branch
1944 Bowery Champs William Beaudine Morey Amsterdam
Earle Snell
Earle Snell
1945 Docks of New York Wallace Fox Harvey Gates Harvey Gates
1945 Mr. Muggs Rides Again Wallace Fox Harvey Gates Harvey Gates
1945 Come Out Fighting William Beaudine Earle Snell Earle Snell

Re-releasesEdit

Many of the East Side Kids programs were re-released by Astor Pictures, Favorite Films, and Savoy Pictures Corporation, the latter two companies owned by former Monogram executives[1]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Monogram Pictures Corporation Library: Who Owns What Today". dukefilmography.com.

External linksEdit

Preceded by
Little Tough Guys
1938–1943
East Side Kids
1940–1945
Succeeded by
The Bowery Boys
1946–1958