East Glamorganshire (UK Parliament constituency)
East Glamorganshire was a parliamentary constituency in Glamorganshire, Wales. It returned one Member of Parliament (MP) to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, elected by the first past the post system.
|Former County constituency|
for the House of Commons
|Number of members||one|
|Replaced by||Caerphilly, Pontypridd|
The constituency was created by the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885 for the 1885 general election, and abolished for the 1918 general election. Throughout its existence it was held by the Liberal Party and it was a constituency largely dominated by the coal mining industry.
Created in the redistribution of seats in 1885 & from the old Glamorganshire constituency which had been in existence since 1541, the seat covered a wide area that included Llantwit Fardre, Church Village, Tonteg, Pentyrch, Creigiau, Pontypridd, Caerphilly, Abercynon, Llanfabon, Gelligaer, Hengoed. It was abolished in the next redistribution of seats that took place in 1918.
Members of ParliamentEdit
|1885||Sir Alfred Thomas||Liberal|
Following the creation of the seat in 1885, there was a contest for the nomination. Following a meeting at Pontypridd, a number of candidates were proposed and invited to address public meetings. They included T. Marchant Williams, Lewis Morris and the Rev Aaron Davies. Ultimately the two leading candidates proved to be Alfred Thomas, a prominent figure in the public life of Cardiff, where he had served as Mayor in 1881/2, and William Bowen Rowlands, a Pembrokeshire-born lawyer. After a contest lasting several months, Rowlands withdrew, ostensibly to prevent a split in the Liberal vote following the appearance of a Conservative candidate. However, Rowlands was regarded as far less radical than his opponent. A leading Baptist, Thomas's victory owed much to his nonconformist connections, upon which this 'amiable and benevolent man' based much of his political outlook.
From the outset the Liberal Association in the constituency was constituted as 'The Liberal and Labour Association', and for 25 years Thomas held the seat without any significant threat from advocates of direct labour representation. As late as 1908 it held a perfunctory annual meeting where little significant business was transacted. The Conservatives put up a credible fight in 1892, 1895 and 1900, but in 1906 Thomas was returned unopposed.
By the end of the first decade of the twentieth century there were rumours that Thomas would retire and in 1907, Evan Thomas, a miners' agent, was nominated to contest the seat once the sitting member stood down. Thomas was. however, an ordained Baptist minister, and hardly regarded as a firebrand. Ultimately, however, Thomas denied to contest the January 1910 general election and comfortably saw off a Conservative challenger.
In April 1910, Thomas announced his retirement at the next General Election. The Liberal Association eschewed an opportunity to select a working man, with their chairman declaring that 'neither a Tory nor a Socialist should occupy the seat'. They opted for Clement Edwards. As a result, Charles Butt Stanton, miners' agent in the Aberdare Valley and a member of Aberdare Urban District Council emerged as a labour candidate but failed to win the endorsement of the Miners' Federation of Great Britain executive. He was beaten into third place.
At the General Election expected in 1915, Edwards would have been opposed by Alfred Onions. treasurer of the South Wales Miners' Federation. However, the war intervened, and by the 1918 the seat had been abolished following extensive boundary changes and the creation of the new constituencies of Caerphilly and Pontypridd which would ultimately become Labour strongholds.
Elections in the 1880sEdit
|Conservative||Godfrey Lewis Bosville Clark||2,086||29.9||N/A|
|Liberal win (new seat)|
Elections in the 1890sEdit
|Conservative||Herbert Clark Lewis, 2nd Baron Merthyr||2,797||32.7||New|
|Conservative||Charles James Jackson||3,909||39.2||+6.5|
Elections in the 1900sEdit
|Conservative||Henry Edzell Morgan Lindsay||4,080||36.8||−2.4|
Elections in the 1910sEdit
|Conservative||Frank Hall Gaskell||5,727||28.0||New|
|Conservative||Frank Hall Gaskell||5,603||28.9||+0.9|
General Election 1914/15:
Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by July 1914, the following candidates had been selected;
- A map of Glamorganshire in 1885, showing its new divisions.
- Boundary Commission Map Report from 1885 showing detailed original maps used
- The National Library for Wales:Dictionary of Welsh Biography (Sir Alfred Thomas)
Notes and referencesEdit
- "Nomination of Liberal Candidates". Weekly Mail. 25 April 1885. Retrieved 19 May 2014.
- "Mr Bowen Rowlands Withdraws (editorial)". South Wales Daily News. 18 September 1885. p. 2. Retrieved 20 November 2017.
- Morgan 1960, p. 10.
- Morgan 1981, p. 66. sfn error: no target: CITEREFMorgan1981 (help)
- Morgan 1981, p. 244. sfn error: no target: CITEREFMorgan1981 (help)
- Morgan 1981, p. 247. sfn error: no target: CITEREFMorgan1981 (help)
- "East Glamorgan. Sir Alfred Thomas Retires". Cardiff Times. 16 April 1910. p. 6. Retrieved 30 November 2017.
- Morgan 1981, p. 251. sfn error: no target: CITEREFMorgan1981 (help)
- Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1886
- British Parliamentary Election Results 1885-1918, FWS Craig
- The Times House of Commons Guide 1910, 1911, 1919, Poltico's Publishing Page 92 1910 Section
- Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1896
- Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1901
- Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1916
- Craig, FWS, ed. (1974). British Parliamentary Election Results: 1885-1918. London: Macmillan Press. ISBN 9781349022984.
- The Times House of Commons Guide 1910, 1911, 1919, Poltico's Publishing Page 101 1911 Section
- Western Mail 22 Jul 1914