East Garo Hills district

East Garo Hills is an administrative district in the state of Meghalaya in India.

East Garo Hills district

East Garo
Location of East Garo Hills district in Meghalaya
Location of East Garo Hills district in Meghalaya
CountryIndia
StateMeghalaya
HeadquartersWilliamnagar
Government
 • Vidhan Sabha constituencies7
Area
 • Total2,603 km2 (1,005 sq mi)
Population
 (2001)
 • Total317,917
 • Density120/km2 (320/sq mi)
Demographics
 • Literacy53%
Time zoneUTC+05:30 (IST)
Websiteeastgarohills.gov.in

HistoryEdit

The East Garo Hills district was formed in 1976, after the erstwhile Garo Hills district of Meghalaya was re-organised with a view to bring the administration closer to the people.

The district headquarters-complex of the district, christened as Williamnagar after the name of Captain Williamson A. Sangma the founder Chief Minister of the State of Meghalaya. Williamnagar is located on the vast plainlands along the bank of the Simsang River, at Simsanggre. These plainlands are in a sense historical, as it was here that the Garos made their last major resistance to the British intrusion into Garo Hills during the year 1837. The legendary Garo leader Pa Togan Nengminja Sangma was felled by the British, in skirmish, at Chisobibra, quite close to Wiliamnagar, on 12 December 1837.

GeographyEdit

The district headquarters are located at Williamnagar. The district occupies an area of 2603 km².

DivisionsEdit

Lok SabhaEdit

The district falls under the Tura (Lok Sabha constituency) which Purno Agitok Sangma had been represented at the Lok Sabha, the Lower House of the Indian Parliament since 1975-2016. Purno Agitok Sangma had been former Union Minister and has the distinction of being the only unanimously elected Speaker of the Lok Sabha (during the 11th Lok Sabha). After his death, his son Conrad Sangma representing this constituency.[1]

Assembly ConstituencyEdit

There are 3 (three) Assembly Constituencies of the Meghalaya State Legislative Assembly within the East Garo Hills District of Meghalaya. The Assembly Constituencies are as follows:

  • SONGSAK (ST)
  • RONGJENG (ST)
  • WILLIAMNAGAR (ST)

Administrative divisionsEdit

East Garo Hills division is divided into five blocks:[2]

Resubelpara blockKharkutta blockSongsak blockDambo Rongjeng blockSamanda block 
About this image


Name Headquarters Population Location
Dambo Rongjeng Rongjeng
Kharkutta Kharkutta
Resubelpara Resubelpara
Samanda Samanda
Songsak Songsak

DemographicsEdit

According to the 2011 census East Garo Hills district has a population of 317,917,[3] roughly equal to the nation of The Bahamas.[4] This gives it a ranking of 569th in India (out of a total of 640).[3] The district has a population density of 122 inhabitants per square kilometre (320/sq mi) .[3] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 26.75%.[3] East Garo Hills has a sex ratio of 968 females for every 1000 males,[3] and a literacy rate of 75.51%.[3]

LanguagesEdit

East Garo's languages include A'Tong, a Tibeto-Burman language spoken by 10,000 people in Bangladesh and India.[5]

Flora and faunaEdit

In 1986 East Garo Hills district, along with its sister districts South and West Garo Hills, became home to Nokrek National Park. The park has an area of 47 km2 (18.1 sq mi).[6]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Congress dragging religion into Meghalaya polls, says Conrad Sangma". The Economic Times. 23 February 2018. Retrieved 27 February 2018.
  2. ^ Meghalaya Administrative Divisions (PDF) (Map). The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India, New Delhi, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2011. Retrieved 29 September 2011.
  3. ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 30 September 2011.
  4. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 1 October 2011. Bahamas, The 313,312
  5. ^ M. Paul Lewis, ed. (2009). "A'Tong: A language of India". Ethnologue: Languages of the World (16th ed.). Dallas, Texas: SIL International. Retrieved 28 September 2011.
  6. ^ Indian Ministry of Forests and Environment. "Protected areas: Meghalaya". Archived from the original on 23 August 2011. Retrieved 25 September 2011.

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 25°29′44″N 90°37′01″E / 25.49546°N 90.61682°E / 25.49546; 90.61682