East Dulwich is a district of south East London, England in the London Borough of Southwark. It forms the eastern part of Dulwich, with Peckham to the east and Camberwell to the north. This south London suburb was first developed in the nineteenth century on land owned by Alleyn's College.
It was originally part of the much larger, historic parish of Camberwell, which later became the Metropolitan Borough of Camberwell, and included Camberwell, Peckham, Dulwich, Nunhead, and other London districts.
The earliest record of East Dulwich comes from 967 when Edgar the Peaceful granted Dilwihs to a thane named Earl Aelfheah. Dilwihs meant 'meadow where the dill grew'. At the time East Dulwich was likely just a hamlet or group of small farms centered around what is today known as Goose Green.
Medieval East DulwichEdit
In 1066 King William I of England conquered England and Dulwich became property of the new Norman dynasty after taking the land from King Harold II of England and the Anglo-Saxon Kingdom. During the Middle Ages many new roads were likely constructed nearby such as what is today known as Lordship Lane which became the boundary separating Dulwich Manor with Friern Manor. In 1340 The hamlet of ‘Est Dilewissh’ was sold to John Leverich by William Mabuhs.
In 1538 with the establishment of the Church of England Dulwich was longer property of Bermondsey Abbey with its Dissolution. In 1544 Dulwich granted to goldsmith Thomas Calton for £609 by Henry VIII making the area no longer property of the crown. Nearby Dulwich a vast forest known as the Great North Wood began to be used by local colliers and vast portions of the woodland were cut down in order to build ships.
Stuart East DulwichEdit
During the Stuart era a fresh water spring was found on the edge of Dulwich Wood on the corner of Lordship Lane and College Road. Francis Cox[disambiguation needed] built a Public House and the sight which attracted travelers to the well built at the site of the spring. In 1705 Cox constructed a new road, linking his business to the towns of Croydon and Beckenham to the south, today the road is a pathway known as Cox‘s Walk.
In John Rocques 1761 map of the cities of London and Westminster, small farms and buildings occupy the modern location of East Dulwich at Goose Green, the modern Grove Vale road is referred to as Dog Kennel Lane. South of Goose Green a settlement referred to as Fryum Farm is present, this probably represents the modern Frein Farm. In 1805 (+1814) Dulwich Common was enclosed and in 1826 East Dulwich Chapel was built at start of Lordship Lane opposite Goose Green.
In 1851 Dulwich's population was recorded at 1,632 and in 1863 the London, Chatham and Dover Railway was built. In 1865 St John's Church built amidst green fields and in 1868 East Dulwich railway station opened as Champion Hill Station, in the same year Old village green is bought for public use. In 1871 Lordship Lane station was built near modern day Dulwich Wood.
Between 1871-1881 over 5,000 houses were built in East Dulwich as the small hamlet became part of the rapidly expanding London suburbs. The Upper Middle class migrated to the area building ‘Villas‘ (large houses with bespoke gardens) nearb, many of which had tennis courts. In 1872 Adys Road School was built of Adys road replacing the St Johns vicaridge and Forest Oak Villa (both of which can be observed on 1860s ordance survey maps). In 1874 St Peter's Church was built and in 1877 Emmanuel Congregational Church opened on Barry Road. In 1882 Heber Road School opened and in 1885 horse drawn trams arrived providing transport into london.
In 1887 Dulwich Hospital opened and in 1890 Dulwich Grove Congregational Church opened on Melbourne Grove. In the early 1890s Dulwich Park and Peckham Rye Park opened to the public as the area became more urban and deadly populated, the old villas disappeared being replaced by smaller houses. In 1892 Dulwich Public Baths opened on East Dulwich Road and in 1893 Dulwich Fire Station opened on Lordship Lane (closed 1947 after war damage). Dulwich Library also opened in the 1890s.
"Dulwich Fire Station c.1900. Built 1892". London Fire Brigade. 1900. Retrieved 2 May 2009. </ref>
1897 - Dulwich Library opened.
1897 - Enid Blyton was born on Lordship Lane.
Modern East DulwichEdit
It is a residential area which has undergone gentrification in recent years. There is a shopping area along Lordship Lane which, in addition to several independent shops, has a variety of restaurants, butcher, fishmonger. On Fridays and Saturdays there is a small market on North Cross Road with antiques, crafts and specialist food stalls. Some of the public houses in the area have been converted to gastropubs.
1900 - Part of the Metropolitan Borough of Camberwell. Grove Vale School opened.
1901 - Dulwich's Population: 10,376
1902 - Imperial Hall opened in Grove Vale.
1906 - Horse-drawn trams were replaced by electrical ones. The route ran Dog Kennel Hill, Lordship Lane and East Dulwich Road.
1912 - Dulwich Hamlet FC moved to Dog Kennel Hill. Aquarius Golf Club opened.
1923 - Imperial Hall became Pavilion. Grove Tavern rebuilt.
1931 - New Dulwich Hamlet FC stadium opened.
1935 - St Thomas More Catholic Church officially named.
1938 - East Dulwich Odeon opened.
1952 - End of electric trams.
1965 - Became part of new London Borough of Southwark.
1972 - East Dulwich Odeon closed. Later became London House.
1977 - East Dulwich Police Station opened.
1980 - AC/DC singer Ronald “bon” Scott died in a car parked outside of an east dulwich house
1994 - St John's & St Clements school moved to Adys Road.
1998 - Commemorative blue plaque added to 36 Forest Hill Road, birthplace of Boris Karloff (William Henry Pratt)
2003 - London House (old East Dulwich Odeon) demolished.
2015 - East Dulwich Picturehouse opened.
One area of East Dulwich is called Dulwich the Plough. This was named after a pub, "The Plough" which had been there since 1830. The pub was taken over by Bass Taverns pub chain and changed its name in 1996 to the Goose and Granite. Despite the efforts of a "Save Dulwich Plough" campaign the new name was kept for almost ten years. The name reverted to The Plough in 2005.
Dulwich Library, which opened on 24 November 1897 is nearby.
549 Lordship Lane: the "Concrete House"Edit
One of the most architecturally interesting buildings in the area is at 549 Lordship Lane. The so-called "Concrete House" is a former derelict grade II listed building, now restored and back in use, and is an example of 19th-century concrete house. It is believed that it is the only surviving example in England.
The Concrete House was built in 1873 by Charles Drake of the Patent Concrete Building Company. In 1867 the builder had patented the use of iron panels for shuttering rather than timber.
It was on the Heritage at Risk Register from 1994 to 2013 when it was removed following its successful repair and conversion. Having fallen vacant in the 1980s and developing serious structural problems, it has been fully restored and converted to five flats in shared ownership. It then won an award from English Heritage, the Angel Commendation.
Local Government ElectionsEdit
Sport and leisureEdit
- "Southwark Ward population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 12 October 2016.
- The Dulwich Society: .
- "Camberwell", British History online
- Hibbert, Christopher; Booth, Pat; Weinreb, Ben (1983). The London encyclopedia. New York: Macmillan. ISBN 0-333-32556-7.
- "Welcome to Southwark libraries". Southwark Council. Archived from the original on 15 November 2004. Retrieved 3 May 2009.
- "Good buy, Mr Chips". The Times. 11 June 2004.
- "549 Lordship Lane, East Dulwich, Southwark, c.1930". Ideal Homes. Archived from the original on 14 September 2009. Retrieved 3 May 2009.
- Wilding, Mark (7 October 2013). "The Concrete House restoration wins English Heritage commendation". bdonline.co.uk. Retrieved 22 April 2014.
- Boast, Mary (1990). The Story of Dulwich. London Borough of Southwark Local Studies Library. pp. 36 pages. ISBN 0-905849-09-4.
- Beasley, John D (1998). East Dulwich: an illustrated alphabetical guide. South Riding Press. pp. 152 pages. ISBN 1-874401-08-X.
- Green, Brian (1988). Victorian and Edwardian Dulwich. Quotes Ltd. pp. 140 pages. ISBN 0-86023-432-0.
- William Harnett Blanch (1877). Ye parish of Cam̃erwell: A brief account of the parish of Camberwell, its history and antiquities. E.W. Allen., page 220.