Easington, County Durham

Easington, also known as Easington Village, is a village and civil parish in eastern County Durham, England. It is located at the junction of the A182 and B1283, leading north-west to Hetton-le-Hole and south east to Horden.

Easington
  • Easington Village
Village and civil parish
Looking down at the village green.jpg
The village green
Easington is located in County Durham
Easington
Easington
Location within County Durham
Population2,171 
OS grid referenceNZ415432
Civil parish
  • Easington Village
Unitary authority
Ceremonial county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townPETERLEE
Postcode districtSR8
Dialling code0191
PoliceDurham
FireCounty Durham and Darlington
AmbulanceNorth East
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
County Durham
54°47′N 1°21′W / 54.78°N 1.35°W / 54.78; -1.35Coordinates: 54°47′N 1°21′W / 54.78°N 1.35°W / 54.78; -1.35

It is near the A19, which travels north to Seaham and Sunderland as well as south to Peterlee and Stockton-on-Tees. The population of Easington Village was 2,164 in 2001,[1] increasing slightly to 2,171 at the 2011 Census.[2]

HistoryEdit

 
St Mary the Virgin, Easington

There is evidence of Easington having been an important pre-Norman conquest site, including architectural fragments (dating from as early as the 8th century) found within the fabric of St Mary's Church. St Mary's itself is mostly 12th–13th century, and contains a notable amount of seventeenth-century woodwork.[3] From 1256 until 1832 the Rector of Easington was also Archdeacon of Durham.

One of the most prominent events in the long history of the village was the hanging of two men on the village green for involvement in the plot to replace Tudor monarch Queen Elizabeth with Mary, Queen of Scots. Pope Adrian IV (c. 1100–1 September 1159), born Nicholas Breakspear, lived here for a time. The village is also known as the setting of the folktale, "The Legend of the Easington hare".[4]

 
Seaton Holme

The village is home to one of the few remaining 13th-century domestic buildings (open-hall) in the country, Seaton Holme. It became an archdeacon's residence, served as the rectory until around 1960 and was a children's home for a time before falling into disrepair. In 1992 it was finally restored to a semblance of its former stature.[5]

OvershadowedEdit

The sinking of coal mines near the village began on 11 April 1899. The settlement of Easington Colliery developed around the colliery. The settlements along the B1283 road has resulted in both settlements merging. However, the two places have retained their distinctive characters and continue to reflect different trends. Easington Colliery was the last pit to close on the Durham Coalfields in 1993, with the loss of 1,400 jobs.

AmenitiesEdit

There were two post offices in Easington. The one in the town serves the top of Easington, the middle post office serves the area which is predominantly council properties, and the lower post office served the colliery housing area. This post office closed on 10 October 2008 after being cut in the closure scheme by the Post Office.[citation needed] Easington Academy is located in the village. It acts as the main secondary school for the village and surrounding area.

DemographyEdit

Easington is notable for being the town with the highest percentage of white residents in England (99.2% white in 2001).[6] According to the results of the 2001 census, it also has the UK's lowest population of Jedi knights.[7]

Notable peopleEdit

In popular cultureEdit

The film Billy Elliot, set in the fictional County Durham town of Everington, was mainly shot in Easington, though the filmmakers had to go a long way north to Ellington to find the only working mine in the North East. The subsequent stage musical version specifically identifies Easington as its location.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Office for National Statistics : Census 2001 : Parish Headcounts : Easington Archived 3 May 2014 at the Wayback Machine Retrieved 2009-09-18
  2. ^ "Parish population 2011". Archived from the original on 14 July 2015. Retrieved 9 July 2015.
  3. ^ http://www.durham.anglican.org/userfiles/file/.../Easington.pdf[permanent dead link] Archaeological report, P. Ryder, 1994.
  4. ^ Grice, Frederick (1944). Folk Tales of the North Country. Thomas Nelson & Sons Ltd. ASIN B000PCXLEA. Retrieved 18 May 2007.
  5. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2 November 2014. Retrieved 2 November 2014.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  6. ^ 'The whitest place in England' BBC News Magazine. Accessed 6 March 2008
  7. ^ Census 2001 Summary theme figures and rankings – 390,000 Jedi There Are, Office for National Statistics. Accessed 9 November 2012