This is a list of earth deities. An Earth god or Earth goddess is a deification of the Earth associated with a figure with chthonic or terrestrial attributes. There are many different Earth goddesses and gods in many different cultures mythology. However, Earth is usually portrayed as a goddess. Earth goddesses are often associated with the chthonic deities of the underworld.
In Greek mythology, the Earth is personified as Gaia, corresponding to Roman Terra, Indic Prithvi/Bhūmi, etc. traced to an "Earth Mother" complementary to the "Sky Father" in Proto-Indo-European religion. Egyptian mythology have the sky goddesses, Nut and Hathor, with the earth gods, Osiris and Geb. Ki and Ninhursag are Mesopotamian earth goddesses.
African mythology edit
Akan mythology edit
- Asase Yaa, the goddess of the harsh earth, Truth and Mother of the Dead. An ancient religious figure worshipped by the indigenous Akan people of the Guinea Coast, Asase/Yaa is also known as Aberewa which is Akan for "Old Woman". Not only is she an Earth Goddess she also represents procreation, truth, love, fertility, peace, and the earth of the Akan.
- Asase Afua, the Goddess of the lush earth, fertility, love, procreation and farming
Bakongo religion edit
- Nzambici, the God of Essence, the Earth and Sky Mother, mother of all animals
Egyptian mythology edit
- Geb, god of the earth, vegetation, earthquakes, and snakes; "God of Earth and Land"
Igbo mythology edit
Malagasy mythology edit
Yoruba mythology edit
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American mythology edit
Aztec mythology edit
- Tlaltecuhtli, the earth deity whose body created the world
- Tezcatlipoca, Aztec deity associated with the earth, the night sky, the night winds, hurricanes, the north, obsidian, enmity, discord, rulership, divination, temptation, jaguars, sorcery, beauty, war and strife.
Haudenosaunee mythology edit
- Hah-nu-nah, the turtle that bears the world.
Inca mythology edit
Inuit mythology edit
- Alignak, in Inuit mythology, a lunar deity, but also god of earthquakes, as well as weather, water, tides, and eclipses
Lakota mythology edit
- Maka-akaŋ, the earth goddess
Asian mythology edit
Ainu mythology edit
- Cikap-kamuy, god of owls and the earth
Anatolian mythology edit
- Cybele, mother goddess of the earth
Chinese mythology edit
- Houtu, goddess of the earth
- Tudigong or Tu Di Gong', local god of the earth in Taoism and Chinese folk religion, "God of Earth and Land"
- dìguān dàdì (Three Great Emperor-Officials), in Taoism and Chinese folk religion, "Emperor God of Earth and Land"
- Na Tuk Kong, in Taoism and Chinese folk religion of Malaysian Chinese - Peranakans and Chinese Indonesians, "Tutelary deity of Earth and Land"
Gondi mythology edit
- Bhivsen or Bhimal, god of the earth
- Bhum, goddess of the earth and mother of humanity
Hittite mythology edit
Hindu mythology edit
- Bhumi, goddess of the earth
- Dharā Hindu Vasu god representing the earth and the element earth
- Prithvi, goddess of the earth
Buddhist mythology edit
Meitei mythology edit
Sumerian mythology edit
- Ki, goddess of the earth
- Ninhursag, mother goddess of the earth, fertility, mountains, and rulers
- Šumugan, in Sumerian mythology, god of the river plains, given charge by the god Enki over the flat alluvial lands of southern Mesopotamia
- Nuska vizier of the chief Sumerian god Enlil but later associated with Nippur ("Enlil City") as the god of the earth
- Enten, Sumerian fertility deity identified with the abundance of the earth
- Enlil (𒀭𒂗𒆤), ancient Mesopotamian god associated with wind, air, earth, and storms
- Enki (𒂗𒆠), Sumerian god, literal translation "Lord of the Earth"
- Emesh, Sumerian god created at the wish of Enlil to take responsibility on earth for woods, fields, sheepfolds, and stables
Thai mythology edit
- Phra Mae Thorani, goddess of the earth who stopped the demons from attacking the Buddha.
- Phra Bhum Chaiya mongkol (พระภูมิชัยมงคล - Bhummaso), "Tutelary deity of Earth and Land" in Thailand, Cambodia, Laos and myanmar
- Phra Mae Thorani and Phra Nang Bhum Chaiya (พระนางภูมิไชยา - Bhummaso), "Tutelary goddess of Earth and Land" in Thailand, Cambodia , Laos and myanmar
Turkic and Mongolian mythology edit
Vedic religion edit
European mythology edit
Albanian mythology edit
- Zonja e Dheut, Dheu: goddess of the earth, great mother earth, respectively
Baltic mythology edit
- Žemyna, goddess of the earth
Celtic mythology edit
- Danu, ancient goddess of the earth
Etruscan mythology edit
- Cel, goddess of the earth
Finnish mythology edit
- Akka, goddess of the earth
Georgian mythology edit
- Mindort-batoni, god of the mountains
Germanic mythology edit
- Jörð, goddess of the earth
- Nerthus, earth goddess
- Skaði, goddess of the mountains and winter
- Sif, goddess of the earth
Greek mythology edit
- Demeter, goddess of the harvest, sacred law, and the earth
- Gaia, primordial goddess of the earth. She was one of the earliest elemental deities, having been created at the beginning of time. It was thought that all creation is descended from Gaia, the great mother of all things. According to Greek mythology, she was the creator of the universe and was responsible for the birth of both humanity and the first race of gods the Titans.
- Cronus, god of the harvest.
- Poseidon, one of the Twelve Olympians in ancient Greek religion and myth; god of the sea and other waters, earthquakes and horses.
Roman mythology edit
- Ceres, goddess of the harvest, motherhood, and the earth
- Terra, ancient goddess of the earth
- Muma Pădurii, Mama Gaia
Slavic mythology edit
- Mat Zemlya, ancient goddess of the earth
- Mokosh, goddess of fertility, moisture, women, the earth, and death. One of the oldest and only goddess in the slavic religion, Old Kievan pantheon of AD 980 mentions Mokoš, which survives in East Slavic folk traditions. Known as a woman who in the evening spins flax and wool, shears sheep, and has a large head and long arms.
- Troglav, deity in Slavic mythology whose three heads were believed to represent sky, earth and the underworld.
- Veles, horned god of the underworld, water, the earth, wealth, and cattle
- Volos, Slavic god of earth, waters, and the underworld.
Oceanian mythology edit
Hawaiian mythology edit
- Papahānaumoku, goddess of the earth
Maori mythology edit
Western Asian mythology edit
Levantine mythology edit
See also edit
- "Definition of EARTH GODDESS". www.merriam-webster.com. Retrieved 2017-06-20.
- "รู้จักกับ "พระภูมิทั้ง 9" คู่บ้าน คู่เมืองชาวสยาม! เทวดาผู้ดูแลเรือกสวนไร่นาป่าเขา บูชาตามประเพณี คุ้มครองป้องภัย พลิกร้ายกลายดี". 29 August 2017.
- Šmits, Pēteris (1918). Latviešu Mitoloģija (PDF) (in Latvian). Latviesu rakstnieku un makslinieku biedriba. pp. 14–15. OCLC 12301101 – via dom.lndb.lv. Other editions: OCLC 12301047, 776694498, 276876979; Reprinted: ISBN 9789955591085
- Paliepa, Jānis (2011). The origin of the Baltic and Vedic languages: Baltic mythology ; Interdisciplinary treatise. Bloomington, IN, US: Author House. pp. 46, 52. ISBN 9781456729028. OCLC 1124421252, 890769223.
- Jānis, Tupešu (Fall 1987). "The Ancient Latvian Religion — Dievturība". LITUANUS: Lithuanian Quarterly Journal of Arts and Sciences. Chicago, IL, US: LITUANUS Foundation. 33 (3). ISSN 0024-5089. OCLC 561497100.
- Te Papa. "Ruaumoko - God of Earthquakes". Wellington, New Zealand: Earthquake Commission. Archived from the original on 9 May 2012. Retrieved 8 May 2012.
- McSaveney, Eileen (2 March 2009). "Historic earthquakes - Earthquakes in Māori tradition". Te Ara: The Encyclopedia of New Zealand. Wellington, New Zealand: Manatū Taonga | Ministry for Culture and Heritage. Retrieved 3 May 2012.
- Beaulieu, Paul-Alain. "The God Amurru as Emblem of Ethnic and Cultural Identity". In: Ethnicity in Ancient Mesopotamia (W. van Soldt, R. Kalvelagen, and D. Katz, eds.) Papers Read at the 48th Rencontre Assyriologique Internationale, Leiden, July 1–4, 2002. PIHANS 102. Nederlands: Instituut voor her Nabije Oosten, 2005. pp. 31-46.