Earl of Carlisle is a title that has been created three times in the Peerage of England.

Earldom of Carlisle


Arms: Quarterly of six, 1st (Howard), Gules, a Bend between six Crosses-Crosslet finchée Argent; on the bend an Escutcheon Ar, charged with a Demi-Lion pierced through the mouth with an arrow, within a Double Tressure flory counterflory, all Gules, and above the escutcheon a Mullet sable for difference; 2nd (Thomas of Brotherton), Gules, three Lions passant guardant Or, and a label of three-points Argent; 3rd (Warrenne, Earl of Surrey), Chequy Or and Azure, 4th (Mowbray, Duke of Norfolk), Gules, a Lion rampant Argent; 5th (Dacre), Gules, three Escallops Argent; 6th (Greystock), Barry of eight Argent and Azure, three Chaplets of Roses proper. Crest: On a Chapeau Gules, turned up Ermine, a Lion statant guardant with tail extended Or, ducally gorged Argent, charged on the shoulder with a Mullet for difference. Supporters: Dexter: A Lion Argent, charged on the shoulder with a Mullet for difference. Sinister: A Bull Gules, armed unguled and ducally gorged and lined Or.[1]

Creation date25 March 1322 (first creation)
13 September 1622 (second creation)
30 April 1661 (third creation)
Created byEdward II (first creation)
James I (second creation)
Charles II (third creation)
PeeragePeerage of England
First holderAndrew Harclay, 1st Earl of Carlisle (first creation)
Charles Howard, 1st Earl of Carlisle (third creation)
Present holderGeorge Howard, 13th Earl of Carlisle
Heir presumptiveThe Hon. Philip Howard
Subsidiary titlesViscount Howard of Morpeth
Baron Dacre of Gillesland
Lord Ruthven of Freeland
Extinction date3 March 1323 (first creation)
30 October 1660 (second creation)
Seat(s)Naworth Castle
Former seat(s)Castle Howard (now held by a cadet branch of the family)
(I am willing, but not able)
Naworth Castle in Cumbria
Castle Howard in North Yorkshire, the former seat of the Howard Earls of Carlisle

History edit

The first creation came in 1322, when Andrew Harclay, 1st Baron Harclay, was made Earl of Carlisle. He had already been summoned to Parliament as Lord Harclay (or Lord Harcla) in 1321. However, Lord Carlisle was executed for treason in 1323,[2] with his titles forfeited.

The second creation came in 1622, when James Hay, 1st Viscount Doncaster, was made Earl of Carlisle.[3] He was a great favourite of James I and had already been created Lord Hay in the Peerage of Scotland in 1606, as well as Baron Hay, of Sawley in the County of York, and Viscount Doncaster in 1618. The latter titles were in the Peerage of England. Lord Carlisle was the member of a junior branch of the Hay family, headed by the Earl of Erroll. He was succeeded by his second but only surviving son, the second Earl. In 1637, he also succeeded his maternal grandfather, Charles Goring, 2nd Earl of Norwich, as second Baron Denny (a title created by writ in 1604; see Earl of Norwich). However, Carlisle was childless and on his death in 1660, all the titles became extinct.[3]

The third creation came in 1660, when Sir Charles Howard was made Baron Dacre of Gillesland, in the County of Cumberland, Viscount Howard of Morpeth, in the County of Northumberland, and Earl of Carlisle. A member of the prominent Howard family, he was the great-grandson of Lord William Howard, third son of Thomas Howard, 4th Duke of Norfolk. Lord William Howard's wife was Elizabeth Dacre, youngest daughter of Thomas Dacre, 4th Baron Dacre (of Gillesland), a title which had fallen into abeyance on the death of the fifth Baron in 1569. Through this marriage, Naworth Castle and Henderskelfe Castle (which later became the site of Castle Howard) came into the Howard family. Lord Carlisle had earlier supported the Parliamentarian cause in the Civil War, and he is supposed to have been created Baron Gilsland and Viscount Howard of Morpeth by Oliver Cromwell in 1657 (it is certain that he was summoned to Cromwell's House of Lords the same year as "Lord Viscount Howard").[3]

He was succeeded by his eldest son, the second Earl. He represented Morpeth, Cumberland and Carlisle in the House of Commons and served as Lord Lieutenant of Cumberland. On his death, the titles passed to his son, the third Earl.[3] He was a prominent statesman and served as First Lord of the Treasury from 1701 to 1702, and in 1715. His third but eldest surviving son, the fourth Earl,[3] sat as Member of Parliament for Morpeth. He was succeeded by his eldest son from his second marriage, the fifth Earl. He was an influential politician and held office as First Lord of Trade, as Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, as Lord Steward of the Household and as Lord Privy Seal.

His eldest son, the sixth Earl, also gained political prominence. He served as First Commissioner of Woods and Forests and as Lord Privy Seal, and was Minister without Portfolio between 1830 and 1834 in the famous Whig government of Lord Grey. He was succeeded by his eldest son, the seventh Earl. He was a noted politician and served as Chief Secretary for Ireland, as Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster and as Lord Lieutenant of Ireland. He never married and was succeeded by his younger brother, the eighth Earl. He was a clergyman and served as Rector of Londesborough in Yorkshire. He also died unmarried and was succeeded by his nephew, the ninth Earl. He was the son of the Hon. Charles Wentworth George Howard, fifth son of the sixth Earl. He represented Cumberland East in Parliament as a Liberal and was also a well-regarded painter.

His eldest son, the tenth Earl, was Liberal Unionist Member of Parliament for Birmingham South. He was succeeded by his only son, the eleventh Earl. He married as his first wife Bridget Helen Monckton, 11th Lady Ruthven of Freeland (see Lord Ruthven of Freeland for earlier history of this title). On his death in 1963, the titles passed to his only son, the twelfth Earl. In 1982, he also succeeded his mother as twelfth Lord Ruthven of Freeland. As of 2020, the peerages are held by his eldest son, the thirteenth Earl, who succeeded in 1994. Lord Carlisle unsuccessfully contested Easington in the 1987 general election and Leeds West in the 1992 general election.

Several other members of this branch of the Howard family have gained distinction. The Hon. Sir Charles Howard, fourth son of the third Earl, was a general in the Army and also represented Carlisle in the House of Commons for many years. Charles Howard, Viscount Morpeth, eldest son of the fourth Earl from his first marriage, briefly represented Yorkshire before his early death from tuberculosis. The Hon. Frederick Howard, third son of the fifth Earl, was a major in the 10th Hussars and fought at the Battle of Waterloo in 1815, where he was killed in action. His eldest son Frederick John Howard was Member of Parliament for Youghal. The Very Reverend the Hon. Henry Edward John Howard, fourth son of the fifth Earl, was Dean of Lichfield. His third son Edward Henry Howard was a vice-admiral in the Navy.

Admiral the Hon. Edward Granville George Howard, fourth son of the sixth Earl, was created Baron Lanerton in 1874. The aforementioned the Hon. Charles Wentworth George Howard, fifth son of the sixth Earl, represented East Cumberland in Parliament for almost forty years. Lady Harriet Howard, third daughter of the sixth Earl, was the wife of George Sutherland-Leveson-Gower, 2nd Duke of Sutherland. She was Mistress of the Robes to Queen Victoria and an active Whig in society circles. The Hon. Geoffrey William Algernon Howard, fifth son of the ninth Earl, was a Liberal Member of Parliament. His second son was George Howard, Baron Howard of Henderskelfe.

The heir apparent to the earldom, when one exists, is styled Viscount Morpeth.

The principal family seat today is Naworth Castle, while Castle Howard is now held by a cadet branch of the family.

Earls of Carlisle, first creation (1322) edit

Earls of Carlisle, second creation (1622) edit

Earls of Carlisle, third creation (1661) edit

The heir presumptive is the present holder's brother, the Hon. Philip Charles Wentworth Howard (born 1963).
The heir presumptive's heir apparent is his only son, William Philip Alexander Howard (born 1994).

Line of succession (simplified) edit

Line of succession (simplified)

The Earls of Carlisle are distantly in line to succeed to the Dukedom of Norfolk, as descendants of Lord William Howard.


See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ Debrett's Peerage, 1840, p.135.
  2. ^ "The Rise and Fall of Andrew Harclay". English Heritage. Retrieved 4 October 2022.
  3. ^ a b c d e Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Carlisle, Earls of" . Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
  4. ^ "Simon Howard former Castle Howard custodian dies". BBC. 1 March 2022. Retrieved 1 March 2022.
  5. ^ Mosley, Charles, ed. (1999). "Carlisle". Burke's Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Peerage, Baronetage and Knightage. Vol. 1 (106th ed.). Crans, Switzerland: Burke's Peerage (Genealogical Books) Ltd. pp. 498–505. ISBN 2-940085-02-1.
  6. ^ Morris, Susan; Bosberry-Scott, Wendy; Belfield, Gervase, eds. (2019). "Carlisle, Earl of". Debrett's Peerage and Baronetage. Vol. 1 (150th ed.). London: Debrett's Ltd. pp. 791–800. ISBN 978-1-999767-0-5-1.

External links edit