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Earl Frederick Hilliard (born April 9, 1942) is an American politician from the U.S. state of Alabama who served as the U.S. Representative for the state's 7th district.[1][2]

Earl Hilliard
Earl Hilliard.jpg
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Alabama's 7th district
In office
January 3, 1993 – January 3, 2003
Preceded byClaude Harris, Jr.
Succeeded byArtur Davis
Personal details
Born
Earl Frederick Hilliard

(1942-04-09) April 9, 1942 (age 77)
Birmingham, Alabama, U.S.
Political partyDemocratic
Alma materMorehouse College (B.A.)
Howard University (J.D.)
Atlanta University (M.B.A.)

Contents

Life and careerEdit

Hilliard was born in Birmingham, Alabama, and graduated from Morehouse College. He was elected as a Democrat to the Alabama House of Representatives in 1974 and served from 1975 until 1981 and in the Alabama Senate from 1981 until 1992. Hilliard was elected to the United States House of Representatives in 1992 from the 7th District, a 65 percent black-majority district stretching from Birmingham to Montgomery. In the process, he became the first person of color in modern times to represent Alabama in Congress. He also became the first Democrat to represent a significant portion of the capital since 1965.[1]

He faced his first serious challenge from Artur Davis in the 2000 Democratic primary election—the real contest in this heavily Democratic district—but prevailed.

Davis challenged Hilliard again in 2002 in a district that had been changed significantly by redistricting. The 7th lost its share of Montgomery, and was pushed further into Birmingham, absorbing a large number of mostly white precincts in that city. The campaign that year was focused on Hilliard's record in office and alleged ethical issues, as well as race, the Israeli–Palestinian conflict, and terrorism.[3] Hilliard claimed "the only thing" that Davis, also an African American, had done for African Americans "put them in jail" during his time as a federal prosecutor.[3] In 2001, Hilliard voted against a bill funding increases in military support to Israel and opposing criminalization of Palestinian politicians. Because a third candidate also ran in the Democratic primary, Hilliard finished with the most votes but failed to win a majority; under Alabama law, he then faced a rematch with second-place finisher Davis in a run-off election.[4] Davis won the run-off with 54% of the vote.[5]

Hilliard is a 1960 graduate of Western-Olin High School in Birmingham. He received a B.A. in 1960 from Morehouse College, a J.D. in 1967 from Howard University, and an M.B.A. in 1970 from Atlanta University.[6]

He is a member of Alpha Phi Alpha fraternity.[7] He is a member of the board of the Congressional Black Caucus Institute.[8]

Hilliard's son, Earl Hilliard, Jr., is a former member of the Alabama House of Representatives who ran unsuccessfully for Congress in 2010, also in the 7th district.[1]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c "Earl Frederick Hilliard". house.gov. Retrieved November 16, 2017.
  2. ^ "Earl F. Hilliard". globalpeace.org. Retrieved November 16, 2017.
  3. ^ a b Halbfinger, David M. (2002-06-03). "Generational Battle Turns Nasty in Alabama Primary". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2019-02-19.
  4. ^ Alabama Democratic Party, 2002 Primary - Tabulation of Returns, https://www.sos.alabama.gov/sites/default/files/voter-pdfs/2002/d-cert-061002-amend.pdf
  5. ^ Pitt, Redding. Certification of Candidates - State Democratic Executive Committee of Alabama - Primary Run-off June 25, 2002, https://www.sos.alabama.gov/sites/default/files/voter-pdfs/2002/d-cert-070102.pdf
  6. ^ "Earl F. Hilliard". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
  7. ^ "Hilliard listing on "Prominent Members" page of APA website". alphaphialpha.net. Retrieved November 11, 2018.
  8. ^ "Congressional Black Caucus Institute board membership roster". cbcinstitute.org. Retrieved November 11, 2018.

External linksEdit