Eanbald (fl. 798)

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Eanbald[a] (died c. 808) was an eighth century Archbishop of York and correspondent of Alcuin.

Eanbald
Archbishop of York
Copper styca of Archbishop Eanbald (YORYM 2000 2305) obverse.jpg
Copper styca of Eanbald II
Appointedc. 796
Term endedc. 808
PredecessorEanbald I
SuccessorWulfsige
Orders
Consecration14 August 796
Personal details
Bornunknown
Diedc. 808

LifeEdit

Eanbald was taught by Alcuin when Alcuin was the teacher of the school of York, and was affectionately nicknamed "Simeon" by Alcuin.[1]

Eanbald was consecrated the successor of his namesake to the archbishopric of York on 14 August 796.[2]

Alcuin wrote frequently to Eanbald, laying down many rules for the direction of his province.[3] He sent many gifts to York, including a shipload of metal (stagnum) for the roof of the bell tower at York Minster.[4]

Eanbald assisted Æthelhard, Archbishop of Canterbury, in recovering the rights of the See of Canterbury which had been despoiled by Offa.

In 798 Eanbald assembled his clergy in synod at Finchale, near Durham. There, he enacted a number of regulations relating to the ecclesiastical courts and the observance of Easter. He may have been the first to introduce the Roman Ritual in the church of York.[5]

Eanbald became estranged from Eardwulf, king of Northumbria after denouncing Eardwulf's adulteries as well as Eanbald's sheltering of Eardwulf's enemies in church sanctuary.[6][7]

Eanbald died sometime about 808,[2] perhaps as late as 830, if numismatic evidence is correct.[5]

CoinageEdit

Eanbald, like later archbishops of York, produced coinage in his name.[8]

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Usually known as Eanbald II to distinguish him from an earlier archbishop also named Eanbald.

CitationsEdit

  1. ^ Duckett Alcuin p. 28
  2. ^ a b Fryde, et al. Handbook of British Chronology p. 224
  3. ^ Duckett Alcuin pp. 205-208
  4. ^ Duckett Alcuin pp. 296-298
  5. ^ a b Rollason "Eanbald" Oxford Dictionary of National Biography
  6. ^ Yorke Kings and Kingdoms p. 93
  7. ^ Kirby Earliest English Kings p. 132
  8. ^ Pirie, Elizabeth J. E. (Elizabeth Jean Elphinstone), 1932-2005. (1996). Coins of the Kingdom of Northumbria c.700-867 in the Yorkshire collections : the Yorkshire Museum, York, the University of Leeds, the City Museum, Leeds. Llanfyllin, Powys: Galata. ISBN 0-9516671-4-9. OCLC 38338882.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)

ReferencesEdit

External linksEdit

Christian titles
Preceded by Archbishop of York
c. 796–c. 808
Succeeded by