FS Class ETR 450
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|ElettroTreno Rapido 450|
Italian "Pendolino" ETR 450.
|In service||29 May 1988 - 6 January 2015|
|Manufacturer||Fiat Ferroviaria, Ercole Marelli|
|Built at||Savigliano ( Cuneo )|
|Constructed||1987 - 1992|
|Number preserved||1 ( for Fondazione FS )|
|Formation||6 cars ( 1st class only ), 8 cars, 9 cars ( 1st and 2nd class )|
|Capacity||390 seats: 170 1st class, 220 2nd class / 126 1st class, 264 2nd class.|
|Line(s) served||Roma - Milano, Roma - Torino, Roma - Firenze - Genova - Savona, Roma - Venezia, Roma - Verona - Bolzano, Roma - Bari - Lecce, Roma - Napoli - Salerno, Roma - Potenza - Taranto, Roma - Reggio Calabria, Roma Perugia, Roma - Ancona, Roma - Rimini, Roma - La Spezia, Roma - Vicenza, Milano - Ancona - Pescara.|
|Train length||233 900 mm|
|Maximum speed||280 km/h (174 mph) (design)|
250 km/h (155 mph) (service)
|Power output||5568 kW hourly, 5008 kW continuous|
|Electric system(s)||3 kV DC Overhead catenary|
|Current collection method||Pantograph|
|Track gauge||1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in) standard gauge|
The Pendolino project was started in the 1970s by FIAT Ferroviaria. Development included a number of prototypes, the last of which was the ETR 401. This prototype was followed by the ETR 450 series units. The first train entered service on between Rome and Milan in 1988.
Every train is made up of 9 units. The trains can reach a maximum speed of 280 km/h (174 mph), service top speed was 250 km/h (155 mph). The ETR 450 were in use on the Rome-Bari, Rome-Ancona-Rimini and Genoa-Florence - Rome lines. It was relegated to lower services with the introduction of the next generation of Pendolino trains (ETR 460, ETR 480) and non-tilting high-speed trains (ETR 500).
In 2004, the tilting mechanism was deactivated, due the end of production of gyroscopic tilting controls (built by British Aerospace) and as a precaution, and top speed was reduced to 200 km/h (124 mph).
From 2015, all trains are out of service.
- Construction years: 1987 - 1992
- Max. speed (in service): 250 km/h (155 mph)
- Max. tilting angle: 8°
- Total number of seats: 390 (220 II + 170 I)