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EBX Group comprises six companies listed in BOVESPA’s Novo Mercado, including OGX (oil), MMX (mining), OSX (offshore industry), and CCX (coal mining), founded and formerly controlled by disgraced Brazilian businessman Eike Batista, the chairman of the EBX Group, who was, in 2018, convicted for corruption.
|Industry||Infrastructure, Energy, Mining, Shipping|
|Eike Batista (former CEO)|
|Subsidiaries||OGX, MMX, OSX Brasil, CCX, REX, IMX, SIX, AUX, NRX Newrest|
Between 2011 and 2012, EBX Group invested US$ 15.7 billion, generating 20,000 jobs in the construction and operation of its enterprises. The group primarily invests in the sectors of infrastructure and natural resources. It also has initiatives in real estate, technology, entertainment, sports and gold mining, as well as in the air and rail catering sectors.
EBX Group is active in nine Brazilian states, Chile, Canada and Colombia, and has offices in New York (USA).
The EBX Group activities started in the early 1980s, with a project that was conceived and executed by Eike Batista: “Novo Planeta”, the first mechanized alluvial gold mine in the Amazon. Over the course of that decade, Batista became chairman of the board and CEO of TVX Gold. It was starting with this company - listed in Canada's Toronto Stock Exchange - that Batista's relationship with the global capital markets began.
Between 1980 and 2000, he raised US$ 20 billion in value through the implementation and operation of nine gold and silver mines in Brazil and Canada (Amapari, Casa Berardi, Crixás, Musselwhite, New Britania, Novo Astro, Novo Planeta, and Paracatu), as well as a mine in Chile (La Coipa, now owned by Kinross Gold). In the 2000s, he began operating three iron ore mines in Brazil (Mina 63, Tico Tico, and Ipê). Between 2004 and 2012, Batista structured and went public with six companies: OGX, MPX, LLX, MMX, OSX, and CCX.
Until 2014, EBX will invest R$ 30 million in the training of 25,000 workers and has simultaneously allocated approximately R$ 20 million in financing for projects and partnerships with universities in Brazil, Chile, Colombia and China. This support encompasses more than ten universities and educational institutions. Among the beneficiaries were Alberto Luiz Coimbra Institute - Graduate School and Research in Engineering (COPPE) of the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ), China's Tsinghua University, the Institute of Nuclear and Energy Research (IPEN), and Valparaiso University in Chile.
Natural resources and infrastructureEdit
EBX Group activities focus primarily on infrastructure and natural resources. MMX, the group's mining company, is already producing iron ore in Minas Gerais, as well as in Corumbá, Mato Grosso do Sul. The company planned to quadruple its production capacity in the coming years. To achieve this goal, the company is building the Southeast Superport in Itaguaí, Rio de Janeiro, to serve as a catalyst for the company's expansion.
In the energy sector, in 2011 MPX began operating the first commercial-scale solar power plant of Brazil, in Tauá, Ceará. In 2012, two of the company's thermoelectric power plants came into operation – Energia Pecém in Ceará and Itaqui in Maranhão. In 2013, the company intends to begin operations of its Pecém II plant in Ceará and the first phase of operations of its thermoelectric power plant, UTE Parnaíba in Maranhão. The second phase is set to begin in 2014.
LLX, the group's logistics company, is coordinating the construction of Açu Superport, in São João da Barra, Rio de Janeiro. It will be the largest and most efficient industrial port complex of Latin America, attracting production investments of approximately US$ 40 billion over the next few years. The port is expected to generate 50,000 direct and indirect jobs. It will be the home of Açu Shipbuilding Unit (UCN Açu), in which OSX, EBX Group's offshore company, will invest US$ 1.7 billion. UCN Açu will have the capacity to simultaneously build up to 11 FPSOs (floating production, storage and offloading of oil and gas units) and 8 WHPs (wellhead platforms), and will generate 14,000 direct jobs. OSX's focus is in the sectors of shipbuilding, exploration and production (E&P) unit chartering, and operations and maintenance (O&M) services.
In the oil and gas segment, OGX is responsible for the largest private sector exploratory campaign underway in Brazil. Founded in 2007, the company is one of the country's leading oil producers. In January 2012, OGX began, in record time – just a little over two years after its discovery – extracting oil from the Waimea accumulation, in Rio de Janeiro's Campos Basin. OGX has a portfolio of 30 exploration blocks in Brazil, in the Campos, Santos, Espírito Santo, Pará-Maranhão, and Parnaíba Basins, and four exploration blocks in Colombia, in the Cesar-Ranchería Basin and Lower Magdalena Valley.
CCX, EBX Group's spinoff of MPX's coal mining assets in Colombia, is developing the greatest integrated greenfield coal mining project in Latin America. With production estimated in up to 35 million tons per year, this project includes an underground mine (San Juan), two open pit mines (Cañaverales and Papayal), and a dedicated integrated logistics system, which consists of a 150 km (93 mile) railway and a deepwater port capable of accommodating capesize-type vessels.
Colombia is also where the Group's investments in gold mining are concentrated. In March 2011 the group acquired, through AUX, stock control of the Canadian mining firm Ventana Gold, which owns mineral rights in northern Colombia's historical California-Vetas gold mining region. The sum of the company's assets ensures EBX Group control over one of the richest underground gold deposits in the world.
In addition to coal and gold mining, the group is also developing an oil exploration campaign in Colombia.
In South America, EBX Group is also investing in Chile, where it is developing that country's largest, licensed power generation project (2,100 MW), integrating a dedicated deepwater port and iron ore production.
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REX is EBX Group's real estate company. Founded in 2008 to identify real estate opportunities, the company began operations in 2011 with a business focus on urban development and income-generating assets. Among other initiatives, the company's business portfolio includes restoration of Hotel Glória, which is now called Glória Palace Hotel; MD.X Medical Center, a center for integrated medicine; R3X Leblon Business Center; and Hotel Parque do Flamengo, all in the city of Rio de Janeiro.
EBX Group also exploits technology through SIX Intelligent Solutions. Created in October 2011, SIX arose from the acquisition of stock control over AC Engenharia, a company with 18 years’ experience in the Brazilian market, having as its focus the oil and gas operations sector. In April 2012, EBX Group and IBM announced a strategic partnership. The agreement includes IBM's acquisition of 20% of SIX Automation, a subsidiary of SIX Intelligent Solutions, and the creation of a center for the joint development of technology solutions and R&D (research and development) focused primarily on the natural resources and infrastructure sectors, as well as outsourcing EBX Group's IT operations to IBM.
IMX, a joint venture with the American firm IMG Worldwide, is EBX Group's sports and entertainment company, devoted to the staging of events and production of entertainment content in the sports, fashion, and music sectors. Also in 2011, EBX Group created NRX-Newrest, to operate in Brazil's air and rail catering sectors. The result of the joint venture with Newrest (the only major global company that operates in all segments of catering and related services) is that NRX-Newrest will provide food services, as well as onshore and offshore operational support, cleaning and hospitality, and other services. EBX Group is also developing initiatives in the areas of sports, entertainment, hospitality, cuisine, health, and the environment in the city of Rio de Janeiro, where EBX is headquartered.
MMX iron ore will be transported to the Southeast Brazil Superport, where it will be exported. Steel plates produced by steel mills installed in LLX's Açu Superport Industrial Complex will be used by OSX in the production of offshore equipment, which will be chartered by OGX for its production of oil and gas. Coal from CCX's Colombian mines will be transported to MPX's thermoelectric power plants located along the Brazilian coast and to LLX's superport, and the energy generated will be supplied to the industries located in the industrial complex. The natural gas produced by OGX can supply MPX's thermoelectric power plants located in LLX's superport industrial complex. LLX's superport could serve as the onshore base for OGX's production of oil and gas. MPX will provide power to MMX's main operating unit in Minas Gerais.
Socio-environmental activities in BrazilEdit
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EBX and its companies support more than 170 social and environmental initiatives in Brazil, among which are the preservation of three national parks (Maranhenses, Fernando de Noronha and Pantanal). Additionally, it has created and maintains three of its own reserves – the Private Natural Heritage Reserves (RPPNs) Engenheiro Eliezer Batista (tropical wetland), Quebrada del Morel (Atacama Desert), and Caruara (salt marsh). It also supports the management of four RPPNs in Brazil's Pantanal (Dorochê, Acurizal, Penha, and Rumo ao Oeste), and the creation of another ten in Ceará. EBX Group also supports Muriqui ecological corridor, one of the largest restoration projects ever developed in the Atlantic Forest in Brazil, and the preservation of Colombia's Cañaverales Fountainhead.
In the social arena, family relocation programs (Vila Nova Canaã in Maranhão and Vila da Terra in São João da Barra, in Rio de Janeiro State); construction of the Pediatric Cancer Center (CPC) in Ceará; and support of Pro Child Hospital in Rio de Janeiro are some examples of the group's activities in recent years.
In Rio de Janeiro, EBX Group will allocate R$ 20 million a year[when?] until 2014, to the Pacifying Police Units (UPPs) project, a new model of public safety and policing. The funds will be used by the Rio de Janeiro State Security Department to purchase equipment and for investment in construction of infrastructure and logistics for its units.
EBX Group also invests in historical and cultural preservation. In the city of Belo Horizonte, it created and maintains the Mines and Metals Museum (MMM), which has been designed to showcase the relationship between the history and culture of Minas Gerais through two major economic activities of the state: mining and metallurgy. Dedicated to the state's major mines, there are 44 attractions and 11 major installations in 18 rooms, covering an area of almost 6,000 square meters (64,584 square feet). In virtual environments, visitors can interact with the spaces that were created, allowing them to dynamically experience the world of metals and minerals. The attractions were made more personal through MMM's historical and fictional characters, such as Dom Pedro II, the Baron de Eschwege and Xica da Silva, who introduce museum attractions to visitors in a playful and interactive manner.
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- The salesman of Brazil The Economist, May 26, 2012
- Brazil's richest man: the possibilities for Rio's transformation are limitless The Guardian, December 26, 2010
- Eike Batista Archived 2012-07-23 at the Wayback Machine Richest Men 2012 In The World, July 18, 2012
- Biller, David "Former Brazil Billionaire Batista Hit With 30-Year Sentence," Bloomberg News, July 3, 2018. Retrieved July 3, 2018.
- "Brazil's richest man Eike Batista on country's success", BBC News, November 25, 2011
- "Brazil sets aside $66bn to revamp crumbling road and rail networks", The Citizen, August 19, 2012
- "Brazil to invest $66 billion in roads, railways", Kansas City, August 15, 2012
- Activities Map Archived 2012-08-26 at the Wayback Machine, EBX Group
- Trajectory Archived 2012-08-29 at the Wayback Machine EBX Group
- "Brazil billionaire's CCX to list on S.Paulo bourse", Reuters, May 15, 2012
- "COPPE English Folder" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2016-03-04. Retrieved 2012-08-28.
- University of Valparaiso
- "Batista’s MMX to Invest $2.9 Billion in Brazil Mines to Meet Asian Demand", Onestoplog
- "MPX connects Tauá (CE) solar power plant to the national grid", MPX, May 24, 2011
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- "IBM Buys 20% Of Batista’s SIX Unit, Gets $1 Billion Contract", Bloomberg, April 04, 2012
- "IMG in Brazilian Sports Joint Venture", DealBook, November 09, 2010
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- "Brazil OSX secures $1 billion finance for Açú shipyard", Reuters, June 15, 2012