The Electronic Entertainment Expo 1995, commonly known as E3 1995, was the first Electronic Entertainment Expo held. The event took place at the Los Angeles Convention Center from May 11–13, 1995, with 50,000 total attendees.[1] Highlights of the 1995 show include Sony's announcement of the PlayStation's release date and pricing, Sega's surprise launch of the Sega Saturn, and Nintendo's showcase of the Virtual Boy console.[1][2]

Electronic Entertainment Expo 1995
E3 1995 logo.png
GenreVideo games
Interactive entertainment
BeginsMay 11, 1995
EndsMay 13, 1995
VenueLos Angeles Convention Center
Location(s)Los Angeles, California
CountryUnited States
Next eventE3 1996
Attendance50,000
Organized byEntertainment Software Association
Filing statusNon-profit

OrganizationEdit

Prior to 1995, the video game industry used the Consumer Electronics Show (CES) as their primary trade show venue. In the years leading up to 1995, the video game industry was usually delegated to an outdoor section of CES, which were not ideal conditions for promoting products. The International Digital Software Association (IDSA), later renamed to the Entertainment Software Association (ESA), approached CES and its head Gary Shapiro with their grievances about the conditions they had at CES. As CES did not consider video games as part of consumer electronics, they were unwilling to alter how they would involve video games. This led IDSA to consider starting their own show. Pat Ferrell of GamePro, a publication owned by International Data Group (IDG) with experience in running trade shows like MacWorld, began the process of organizing such a show.[3] Tom Kalinske, then the CEO of Sega of America, was a prime motivator in establishing a new show, believing CES did not have the video game industry's best interests at heart, and had found previously that running a Sega-only event was highly regarded by retailers and media alike.[3] IDSA also recognized that by holding its own trade show, it would have a means to finance its organization.[3] Ferrell came up with the show's name "Electronic Entertainment Expo" with the idea that it could be treated as "E cubed", however, in conversations with exhibitors, they felt this approach was unnecessary, and that the "E3" moniker was simple and just as effective.[3]

CES overheard these plans, and quickly proposed their own CES-branded video game-only trade show. IDSA and CES approached the larger video game companies to pitch their versions of the show. Many of the younger companies, like Electronic Arts, desired the approach offered by IDSA, including the potential to own part of the show by becoming members of the IDSA, over what the CES offered. The primary holdout to IDSA's plan was Nintendo, who believed their hardware should be treated as consumer electronics and thus should be part of CES.[3] During these negotiations, the CES reserved space in Philadelphia for the show during the month of May, which Ferrell stated was "prime time" for retailers to prepare for late-year/holiday sales.[3] The IDSA had yet reserved space, and quickly got in contact with the Los Angeles Convention Center (LACC), finding that the space was free for the same dates that CES has planned, effectively forcing potential exhibitors to pick one show or the other. They had chosen Los Angeles as it would be a single-flight travel for those companies coming from Japan, in contrast to Philadelphia.[3] Over the next several weeks, prior to either event having to put down their non-refundable reservation fees, IDSA made an aggressive push to get exhibitors for their show, securing more than 180 vendors. Of the major video game companies, only Nintendo and Microsoft had held out, still undecided which show to attend. Soon after this push, Shapiro contacted Ferrell and told him he "won"; CES dropped the plans for their Philadelphia event.[3] The same day, Nintendo and Microsoft reached out to Ferrell to discuss exhibition plans at his event.[3]

EventEdit

External video
  Footage of E3 1995 taken by Anthony Parisi, a retailer representative

At this point, most of the floor space at the LACC was taken up by the early exhibitors. Nintendo had desired space in the larger South Hall, but the early adopters like Sony and Sega had already claimed it. Ferrell made sure that Nintendo still had prime floor space in the West Hall, moving the registration areas to the West Hall so that attendees had to pass Nintendo's booth.[3] Ferrell also had to book extra floor space at a dozen different hotels near the convention center due to demand.[3]

Among elements of the first E3 that would continue into future events were large press conferences by the major companies (here, Sony, Sega, and Nintendo) showcasing their up-and-coming hardware and software. Notably, at point, both Sega and Sony were ready to introduce new hardware for Western releases, the Sega Saturn and the PlayStation, respectively. Sega's conference was first, and while Kalinske announced that the Saturn would be immediately available in stores, they were notified soon after that supplies were more limited than thought. During Sony's presentation, after covering many of the PlayStation's games, Steve Race, the lead for bringing the PlayStation to the United States, came on stage, said "two-ninety-nine" and then left, revealing that the price of the PlayStation was US$100 less than that of the Saturn.[3] The moment is considered one of the first proverbial mic drop moments in E3's history, and would continue a trend as each company would try to outdo others at these press events.[3]

While official attendance numbers were at 55,000, Ferrell estimated that an additional 10,000 people were able to get in; the event was meant to be limited to professionals in the industry, retailers, and press, but believes that many got in with showing a seemingly-relevant business card.[3]

ExhibitionsEdit

NintendoEdit

The Virtual Boy, Nintendo's intermediary console released between the Super Nintendo Entertainment System and the Nintendo 64, was showcased prominently.[2] The Nintendo 64, then known as the Ultra 64, was presented in a near-final state of development.[4] Games on display included Donkey Kong Country 2: Diddy's Kong Quest, EarthBound, and Killer Instinct.[5]

SegaEdit

Prior to E3 1995, the Sega Saturn had already released in Japan, and was slated for a September 2, 1995 American release.[6] On the first day of E3 1995, Sega CEO Tom Kalinske gave a keynote presentation in which he revealed the Saturn's release price of US$399, and described the features of the console. Kalinske also revealed that, due to "high consumer demand",[7] Sega had already shipped 30,000 Saturns to Toys "R" Us, Babbage's, Electronics Boutique, and Software Etc. for immediate release.[8]

SonyEdit

Sony announced the price and release date for the then-upcoming PlayStation.[9] Prior to Sony's keynote conference, Sega announced the US$399 retail price for the newly-released Sega Saturn; capitalizing on the opportunity, SCEA President Steve Race made a single, brief statement at Sony's conference: "$299". The audience cheered as Race walked away from the lectern.[10]

List of notable exhibitorsEdit

This is a list of major video game exhibitors who made appearances at E3 1995.[5]

List of featured gamesEdit

This is a list of notable titles that appeared by their developers or publishers at E3 1995.[5][11][12][13][14][15][16][17][18][19][20][21][22][23][24][25][26][27][28][29][30][31]

The 3DO Company

Acclaim Entertainment

Activision

Atari Corporation

Capcom

Crystal Dynamics

Cyberdreams

Electronic Arts

Interplay Entertainment

Nintendo

Sega

Sony Computer Entertainment

SNK

Square

Williams Electronics

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Patterson, Patrick (May 12, 2012). "This Week in Gaming History: How E3 1995 changed gaming forever". syfygames.com. Archived from the original on December 25, 2012. Retrieved June 18, 2019.
  2. ^ a b Plante, Chris (2010-10-13). "Remembering Virtual Boy 15 Years Later". ugo.com. Retrieved 2017-06-11.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Campbell, Colin (June 7, 2019). "The story of the first E3". Polygon. Retrieved June 7, 2019.
  4. ^ "E3 1995". Video Gaming Central. 1995-05-15. Retrieved 2017-06-11 – via gamebits.net.
  5. ^ a b c "Game Zero E3 Coverage". gamezero.com. 1995. Retrieved 2017-06-09.
  6. ^ "Let the games begin: Sega Saturn hits retail shelves across the nation Sept. 2; Japanese sales already put Sega on top of the charts". Business Wire. 1995-03-09. Retrieved 2017-06-11.
  7. ^ Cifaldi, Frank (May 11, 2010). "This Day in History: Sega Announces Surprise Saturn Launch". 1UP.com. Archived from the original on 2013-06-29. Retrieved 2017-06-11.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
  8. ^ Kent 2001, p. 516.
  9. ^ Severino, Anthony (2013-06-09). "Sony's Biggest E3 Announcements Ever". playstationlifestyle.net. Retrieved 2017-06-11.
  10. ^ Stuart, Keith (2015-05-14). "Sega Saturn: how one decision destroyed PlayStation's greatest rival". theguardian.com. Retrieved 2017-06-11.
  11. ^ Anthony Parisi (January 29, 2017). E3 1995. YouTube.
  12. ^ NAVGTR (June 21, 2007). E3 1995. YouTube.
  13. ^ QLvsJAGUAR (January 18, 2011). E3 1995 – first show ever! Full length documentary. Great history!. YouTube.
  14. ^ François, Tommy; Msika, David (June 1995). "Reportage - E3". CD Consoles. No. 8. Pressimage. pp. 29–63.
  15. ^ "E3 News". Edge. No. 23. Future Publishing. August 1995. pp. 6–11.
  16. ^ Semrad, Ed (July 1995). "The Best Of The Electronic Entertainment Expo - E3 1995". Electronic Gaming Monthly. No. 72. EGM Media, LLC. pp. 58–72.
  17. ^ "E-3 The Biggest And Best Electronic Entertainment Show Ever!". GameFan. Vol. 3 no. 7. Shinno Media. July 1995. pp. 17–41.
  18. ^ "The Electronic Entertainment Expo!". GamePro. No. 71. IDG. June 1995. pp. 37–48.
  19. ^ "Special Report: Electronic Entertainment Expo". GamePro. No. 73. IDG. August 1995. pp. 28–42.
  20. ^ Herranz, Sonia (June 1995). "Reportaje - Electronic Entertainment Expo - Y Al E3er Día Resucitó". Hobby Consolas. No. 45. Axel Springer SE. pp. 32–35.
  21. ^ Gómez, Amalio (July 1995). "Electronic Entertainment Expo - E3 - Y por tres días, la Meca del Cine se convirtió en la Meca del Videojuego". Hobby Consolas. No. 46. Axel Springer SE. pp. 46–55.
  22. ^ Clarke, Stuart (July 1995). "Hype It Up - E3 - The Los Angeles Electronic Entertainment Expo". Hyper. No. 20. Next Publishing Pty Ltd. pp. 6–8.
  23. ^ "Aktuelles - Electronic Entertainment Expo". MAN!AC. No. 21. Cybermedia Verlagsgesellschaft mbH. July 1995. pp. 12–31.
  24. ^ "Special - E3 Messe". Mega Fun. No. 34. CT Computec Verlag GmbH & Co. KG. July 1995. pp. 8–23.
  25. ^ "News - E3 - The Future Is Here!". Mean Machines Sega. No. 34. EMAP. August 1995. pp. 8–18.
  26. ^ "PSX y Saturn, una tarta que todos quieren probar - E3 Los Angeles - ¡¡Esto sí que es Hollywood!!". Micromanía (in Spanish). Vol. 3 no. 6. HobbyPress. July 1995. pp. 99–108.
  27. ^ "E3 - The Greatest Show On Earth". Next Generation. No. 7. Imagine Media. July 1995. pp. 16–22.
  28. ^ "Dossier - Salon E3 - Le Choc!". Player One. No. 54. Média Système Édition. June 1995. pp. 43–69.
  29. ^ "Special - E3-Los Angeles - Welcome To The Next Level!". Sega Magazin. No. 20. Computec Media Group. July 1995. pp. 74–87.
  30. ^ Gore, Chris (July 1995). "Special E3 Previews". VideoGames - The Ultimate Gaming Magazine. No. 78. L.F.P., Inc. pp. 40–45.
  31. ^ "News - E3 - Die Übermesse in Los Angeles". Video Games. No. 44. Future-Verlag. July 1995. pp. 8–33.

BibliographyEdit