Dyssomnias are a broad classification of sleeping disorders involving difficulty getting to sleep, remaining asleep, or of excessive sleepiness.
|Classification and external resources|
|Specialty||psychiatry, psychology, sleep medicine|
Dyssomnias are primary disorders of initiating or maintaining sleep or of excessive sleepiness and are characterized by a disturbance in the amount, quality, or timing of sleep.
Patients may complain of difficulty getting to sleep or staying asleep, intermittent wakefulness during the night, early morning awakening, or combinations of any of these. Transient episodes are usually of little significance. Stress, caffeine, physical discomfort, daytime napping, and early bedtimes are common factors.
There are over 30 recognized kinds of dyssomnias. Major groups include:
- Intrinsic sleep disorders – 12 disorders recognized, including
- Extrinsic sleep disorders – 13 disorders recognized, including
- Circadian rhythm sleep disorders, both intrinsic and extrinsic – 6 disorders recognized, including