Dyslipidemia is an abnormal amount of lipids (e.g. triglycerides, cholesterol and/or fat phospholipids) in the blood. In developed countries, most dyslipidemias are hyperlipidemias; that is, an elevation of lipids in the blood. This is often due to diet and lifestyle. Prolonged elevation of insulin levels can also lead to dyslipidemia. Likewise, increased levels of O-GlcNAc transferase (OGT) may cause dyslipidemia.
|Classification and external resources|
Physicians and basic researchers classify dyslipidemias in two distinct ways:
- Presentation in the body (including the specific type of lipid that is increased)
- Underlying cause for the condition (genetic, or secondary to another condition). This classification can be problematic, because most conditions involve the intersection of genetics and lifestyle issues. However, there are a few well-defined genetic conditions that are usually easy to identify.
|Elevated Lipoprotein||Chylomicron||LDL||LDL and VLDL||IDL||VLDL||VLDL and chylomicrons|
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- Fredrickson DS, Lees RS. A system for phenotyping hyperlipoproteinemia. Circulation 1965;31:321-327.
- "Screening for Lipid Disorders in Children and Adolescents". JAMA. August 9, 2016. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.9852.
- Chou, R; Dana, T; Blazina, I; Daeges, M; Bougatsos, C; Jeanne, TL (18 October 2016). "Screening for Dyslipidemia in Younger Adults: A Systematic Review for the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force". Annals of Internal Medicine. 165 (8): 560–564. doi:10.7326/m16-0946. PMID 27538032.