Originally held to celebrate the fifth anniversary of the Dynamo rock club in Eindhoven, it grew from 5,000 people in the Dynamo parking lot up to 118,000 attendees in 1995. Until this day, the 1995 edition still is the largest multi-day open air festival ever held in the Netherlands. This caused too much pressure on the Dutch infrastructure and the festival had to shrink to a maximum of 60,000 visitors for 1996. From there it went downhill, mostly because the festival could not find a permanent venue. In 1999 Dynamo Open Air was held on a former rubbish dump in Mierlo, and the following year it went to the Goffertpark in Nijmegen. That was the first time DOA was held outside the province of Noord-Brabant, and it was the first time in years that the festival had to shrink down to only one day. The previous years it had always been a two- or three-day festival.
In 2001, the organisation thought they had found a site where the festival could return on a yearly basis, near the town of Lichtenvoorde. However, the threat of foot-and-mouth disease caused trouble, and Dynamo Open Air had to be cancelled. In 2002 it returned, at the site of the Bospop festival, but 2003 was another year without a Dynamo festival, because it would violate a recently passed law about animal protection during breeding season. For 2004, the festival returned to Nijmegen, at the same location where it took place in 2000. In 2005, the festival used the site of the Dauwpop festival, and the re-formed Anthrax dominated the stage.
In an attempt to blow new life into the festival, the current organization of the Dynamo youth center decided to change the festival's name from Dynamo Open Air to Dynamo Outdoor. In 2008, the first Dynamo Outdoor festival was held in the centre of Eindhoven, with bands such as Mad Sin, Anathema and Born From Pain performing. The festival was once again held in Eindhoven in the following year, with Destine, Stahlzeit, Asphyx, Textures, The Butcher and Municipal Waste on the bill.
The revival of the festival occurred with a new name as Dynamo Metal Fest, which has taken place every year since 2015, traditionally on the second or third Saturday in July.
In 1995, Nailbomb had their performance recorded at the festival and it was released as Proud to Commit Commercial Suicide the same year it was recorded. It was released by Roadrunner Records In 2005, live footage of the performance was released on DVD and it was called Live at Dynamo. It was also released by Roadrunner Records. In May 1998, guest band Death recorded stock footage of their performance. Three years later, in an effort to raise money to pay for Chuck Schuldiner's cancer treatment, the footage was limitedly released in October 2001 by Nuclear Blast on CD and DVD formats under the name Live In Eindhoven, two months before Schuldiner's ultimate demise.
Dynamo Open Air 1986Edit
Cancelled shows : Lääz Rockit (replaced by Battlezone)
Dynamo Open Air 1987Edit
Cancelled shows : Agent Steel (replaced by Testament)
Dynamo Open Air 1988Edit
Dynamo Open Air 1989Edit
Dynamo Open Air 1990Edit
Dynamo Open Air 1991Edit
Dynamo Open Air 1992Edit
Dynamo Open Air 1993Edit
Cancelled shows: Therapy?, Tool (replaced by Z)
Dynamo Open Air 1994Edit
|Friday May 20 (Warm-Up)
Dynamo Open Air 1995Edit
Dynamo Open Air 1996Edit
Cancelled shows : Halford (replaced by Sacred Reich)
Dynamo Open Air 1997Edit
Dynamo Open Air 1998Edit
Cancelled shows : Fear Factory (replaced by Death), Human Waste Project (replaced by Ultraspank) and Limp Bizkit (announced the day of the appearance, but didn't play).
Dynamo Open Air 1999Edit
Cancelled bands : Bolt Thrower, Morbid Angel, Speedealer and Skarhead. The three latter bands were replaced by Arch Enemy, Goatsnake and Merauder, respectively.
Dynamo Open Air 2000Edit
Cancelled shows : Entombed (replaced by Destruction) and Sevendust
Dynamo Open Air 2001Edit
Festival cancelled due to the threat of foot and mouth disease.
The announced bands were :
After Forever, Amen, Backfire!, Behemoth, Brightside, Catastrophic, Cradle of Filth, Destiny's End, Destroÿer 666, Discipline, Disturbed, Dreadlock Pussy, Dropkick Murphys, Dying Fetus, Exhumed, Hed PE, Ignite, In Extremo, Krisiun, Length of Time, Liar, Lost Horizon, Macabre, Merauder, M.O.D., Motörhead, Mudvayne, Napalm Death, Nasum, Nevermore, Opeth, Pain of Salvation, Papa Roach, Savatage, Saxon, Severe Torture, Shelter, Slipknot, Soulfly, Spineshank, Static-X, Symphony X, Terra Firma, Tool, The Union Underground, Vader, Wicked Mystic, Within Temptation.
Tool scheduled an headlining show at 013 in Tilburg on the day they were supposed to play, while Slipknot and few other bands played a "mini-festival" at Maaspoort in Den Bosch on May 25th. Soulfly played more club shows in the Netherlands.
Dynamo Open Air 2002Edit
Dynamo Open Air 2003Edit
Festival cancelled. No bands seem to have been announced.
Dynamo Open Air 2004Edit
Dynamo Open Air 2005Edit
Dynamo Metalfest 2015Edit
Dynamo Metalfest 2016Edit
Dynamo Metalfest 2017Edit
Dynamo Metalfest 2018Edit
Dynamo Metalfest 2019Edit