Dykh-Tau or Dykhtau (Russian: Дыхтау, Karachay-Balkar: Дых тау that is derived from Turkic "dik dagh" which means Jagged Mount), is the second-highest mountain in Russia and Europe, standing at 5,205 m (17,077 ft) above sea level. It is located in Kabardino-Balkaria, Russia; its peak standing about 5 km (3 mi) north of the border with Georgia.[citation needed]

Gora Dykh-Tau
Highest point
Elevation5,205 m (17,077 ft)
Prominence2,002 m (6,568 ft)
Isolation64 km (40 mi) Edit this on Wikidata
ListingSeven Second Summits
Coordinates43°3′N 43°8′E / 43.050°N 43.133°E / 43.050; 43.133
Gora Dykh-Tau is located in Caucasus mountains
Gora Dykh-Tau
Gora Dykh-Tau
Location of Dykh-Tau in the Caucasus mountains
Gora Dykh-Tau is located in Kabardino-Balkaria
Gora Dykh-Tau
Gora Dykh-Tau
Gora Dykh-Tau (Kabardino-Balkaria)
LocationKabardino-Balkaria, Russia
Parent rangeLateral Range
Caucasus Mountains
Topo mapMap and Guide to the Caucasus: Bezingi, Bashil, Adaikhokh[1]

Access edit

Dykh-Tau is best accessed from the north (Russia). Bezingi village may be reached from Nalchik in Kabardino-Balkaria with infrequent public transport, here a 4WD vehicle must be hired. Thus Bezingi Alpine Camp is reached at 2,180 meters (7,150 ft). From here it takes a further 2 days to reach the base of the climb.[2]

Climbing routes edit

This is one of the Caucasian Peaks, facing the Bezingi Wall across the Bezingi Glacier. The first ascent in 1888 by Albert Mummery and Heinrich Zurfluh of Meiringen was a major achievement at the time.[3] Their route up the SW Ridge is no longer used as the normal route which is now the North Ridge graded 4B (Russian Grading).[citation needed]

Starting from Misses Kosh the ridge is accessed by crossing the West Ridge of Misses-Tau then continuing to the Russian Bivouac located by a hanging glacier descending from the North Ridge of Dykhtau, 4 hours from Misses-Kosh. Once a notch between Misses-Tau and Dykhtau is gained, the North Ridge is followed to the summit. Allow 2 and a half days from the Russian Bivouac, there are several good bivouac sites on the North Ridge (Details and map Archived 2016-03-04 at the Wayback Machine).

Mapping edit

Various Soviet military maps annotated in the Cyrillic script can found on the internet; two of the maps cover the Dykhtau area.[1]

References edit

  1. ^ a b Map and Guide to the Caucasus: Bezingi, Bashil, Adaikhokh (Map) (1st ed.). 1:100,000 with mountaineering information. Cartography by EWP. EWP/WCP. 1994. ISBN 0-906227-53-4.
  2. ^ Caucasus from Elbrus to Kazbek (Map) (1st ed.). 1:200,000 with general information. Map Guides. Cartography by EWP. Robin Collomb and Andrew Wielochowski. 1992. ISBN 0-906227-54-2.
  3. ^ Mummery, Albert. My Climbs in the Alps and Caucasus (1908)/Chapter 12  – via Wikisource.

External links edit