The Dwikora Cabinet (Indonesian: Kabinet Dwikora) was the 23rd Indonesian cabinet. President Sukarno reshuffled the previous cabinet on 27 August 1964 to produce a cabinet better able to implement the government policy he had announced in his Independence Day speech entitled "The Year of Living Dangerously". The cabinet was appointed on 2 September and served for a year and five months before being reshuffled on 21 February 1966.

Dwikora Cabinet
Kabinet Dwikora

23rd Cabinet of Indonesia
Date formed2 September 1964 (1964-09-02)
Date dissolved21 February 1966 (1966-02-21)
People and organisations
Head of stateSukarno
Head of governmentSukarno
No. of ministers104 ministers
PredecessorWorking IV Cabinet
SuccessorDwikora II Cabinet



Cabinet Leadership




State Ministers Assigned to the Presidium

  • State Minister: Oei Tjoe Tat
  • State Minister: Njoto
  • State Minister: Arifin Harahap
  • State Minister: Police Brig. Gen. Mudjoko
  • State Minister: Police Comm. Boegie Soepeno
  • State Minister: Brig. Gen. Sukendro
  • State Minister: Air Vice Marshal Sri Muljono Herlambang
  • State Minister: Ibnu Sutowo
  • State Minister: Aminuddin Azis

Ministers with the Status of Coordinating Ministers

  • Minister of National Development Planning: Suharto
  • Minister/Chairman of the Supreme Audit Agency: Sultan Hamengkubuwono IX

Foreign and Foreign Economic Relations Section

  • Coordinating Minister: Subandrio
  • Minister of Foreign Affairs and Foreign Economic Relations: Subandrio

Justice and Home Affairs Section


Defense and Security Section


Finance Section


Development Section

  • Coordinating Minister: Chairul Saleh
  • Minister of Labor: Sutomo Martopradoto
  • Minister of National Research: Soedjono Djuned Pusponegoro
  • Minister of Public Works and Power: Maj. Gen. Suprajogi
  • Minister of People's Industry: Maj. Gen. Azis Saleh
  • Minister of Veterans' Affairs and Demobilization: Maj. Gen. Sarbini
  • Minister of Basic Industries and Mining: Chairul Saleh
  • State Minister Assigned to the Development Section: Ahem Erningpradja

Agriculture and Agrarian Affairs Section

  • Coordinating Minister: Sadjarwo Djarwonagoro
  • Minister of Agriculture: Sadjarwo Djarwonagoro
  • Minister of Plantations: Frans Seda
  • Minister of Forestry: Sudiarwo
  • Minister of Fisheries: Commodore Hamzah Atmohandojo
  • Minister of Agrarian Affairs: Rudolf Hermanses
  • Minister of the Development of Villagers: Ipik Gandamana

Distribution Section

  • Coordinating Minister: Johannes Leimena
  • Minister of Trade: Adam Malik
  • Minister of Land Transportation and Post, Telecommunications and Tourism: Lt. Gen. Hidajat
  • Minister of Maritime Transportation: Brig. Gen. Ali Sadikin
  • Minister of Air Transportation: Col. (AF) R. Iskandar
  • Minister of Transmigration/ Cooperatives: Achadi

Welfare Section


Education/Culture Section

  • Coordinating Minister : Prijono
  • Minister of Basic Education & Culture: Artati Marzuki Sudirdjo
  • Minister of Higher Education & Science: Brig. Gen. Sjarif Thajeb
  • Minister of Sport: Maladi

Relations with the People Section


Presidential Advisory State Ministers

  • Presidential/Prime Ministerial Advisory Minister of Funds and Forces: Notohamiiprodjo
  • State Minister Assigned to the President: Iwa Kusumasumantri
  • Minister and Military Adviser to the Indonesian President: ACM S. Surjadarma
  • Domestic Security Adviser to the Indonesian President: Police Gen. Sukarno Djojonegoro

Officials with the Status of Coordinating Ministers


Officials with Ministerial status

  • State Secretary: Mohammad Ichsan
  • Cabinet Presidium Secretary: Abdul Wahab Surjoadiningrat
  • Deputy Speaker of the Mutual Assistance People's Representative Council:I Gusti Gde Subamia
  • Deputy Speaker of the Mutual Assistance People's Representative Council: M. H. Lukman
  • Deputy Speaker of the Mutual Assistance People's Representative Council: Mursalin Daeng Mamangung
  • Deputy Speaker of the Mutual Assistance People's Representative Council: Achmad Sjaichu

Cabinet reshuffling changes


As a result of the aftermath of the 30 September Movement coup attempt of 1965 in which Minister/Commander of the Army Ahmad Yani died along with 5 other top Army general officers, Sukarno appointed Maj. Gen. Pranoto Reksosamodra to the by then vacant post of Minister/Commander of the Army on 3 October 1965. His term ended on 14 October the same year, when Maj. Gen. Suharto, then the commander of Kostrad, was appointed to the post with effect the same day.

On 27 November, Air Marshal Omar Dani, due to pressure from many in the armed forces for his role in the coup attempt, resigned. His post as Minister/Commander of the Air Force was taken over by Air Vice Marshal Sri Mulyono Herlambang who was appointed to succeed him the same day.


  • The Editors (1966), "Continuity and Change: Four Indonesian Cabinets since October 1, 1965, with Scattered Data on Their Members' Organizational and Ethnic Affiliations, Age and Place of Birth", Indonesia, 2 (2), Southeast Asia Program Publications at Cornell University: 185–122, doi:10.2307/3350761, hdl:1813/53399, JSTOR 3350761
  • Simanjuntak, P. N. H. (2003), Kabinet-Kabinet Republik Indonesia: Dari Awal Kemerdekaan Sampai Reformasi (in Indonesian), Jakarta: Djambatan, pp. 248–267, ISBN 979-428-499-8