Duttaphrynus microtympanum

Duttaphrynus microtympanum (common names: southern hill toad, small-eared toad) is a species of toad found in the Western Ghats of India, possibly wider.[2]

Duttaphrynus microtympanum
Duttaphrynus microtympanum - Davidraju IIMG 0329.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Amphibia
Order: Anura
Family: Bufonidae
Genus: Duttaphrynus
D. microtympanum
Binomial name
Duttaphrynus microtympanum
(Boulenger, 1882)

Bufo microtympanum Boulenger, 1882


The head of this species has prominent bony ridges, viz. a canthal, a preorbital, a supraorbital, a postorbital, and a short orbitotympanic; the snout is short and blunt; the interorbital space is broader than the upper eyelid; the tympanum is very small, not half the diameter of eye, and generally indistinct (thus the common name). The first finger extends beyond the second; the toes are about half webbed, with single subarticular tubercles; two moderate metatarsal tubercles are present, with no tarsal fold. The tarsometatarsal articulation reaches the eye, or between the eye and the tip of the snout. Upper surfaces have irregular, distinctly porous warts; the parotoids areprominent, elliptical, and twice or twice and a half as long as broad. They are brown above, yellow beneath, marbled with brown. Males have a subgular vocal sac.

Their snout-to-vent length is about 3 in.[3]


  1. ^ Biju, S.D.; Dutta, S.; Vasudevan, K.; Vijayakumar, S.P.; Srinivasulu, C. & Dasaramji Buddhe, G. (2004). "Duttaphrynus microtympanum". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2004: e.T54710A86445171. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2004.RLTS.T54710A11189644.en.{{cite iucn}}: error: |doi= / |page= mismatch (help)
  2. ^ Frost, Darrel R. (2014). "Duttaphrynus microtympanum (Boulenger, 1882)". Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6.0. American Museum of Natural History. Retrieved 26 July 2014.
  3. ^ Boulenger, G. A. (1890) Fauna of British India. Reptilia and Batrachia

External linksEdit