Duttaphrynus, named after Dr. Sushil Kumar Dutta, is a genus of true toads endemic to southwestern and southern China (including Hainan), Taiwan, and throughout southern Asia from northern Pakistan and Nepal through India and Bangladesh to Sri Lanka, Andaman Island, Sumatra, Java, Borneo, and Bali.
|A Duttaphrynus melanostictus pair during amplexus|
Frost et al., 2006
These toads are characterized by heads with prominent, bony ridges, such as a canthal, a preorbital, a supraorbital, and a postorbital ridge, and a short orbitotympanic ridge. The snout is short and blunt; the interorbital space is broader than the upper eyelid; the tympanum is very small, not half the diameter of eye, and generally indistinct. The first finger of these toads extends beyond the second; the toes are half webbed with single subarticular tubercles, two moderate metatarsal tubercles, and no tarsal fold. The tarsometatarsal articulation reaches the eye, or between the eye and the tip of the snout. The upper surface features are irregular and distinctly porous warts with prominent parotoids. These are elliptical and two, or two and a half, times as long as they are broad. The toads are brown above and yellow beneath, marbled with brown. Males have a subgular vocal sac and are typically 3 in long.
This genus was previously assigned to the Bufo melanostictus group. Frost et al. suggested that species of the genus Duttaphrynus are only distantly related to other Asiatic bufonids and consequently moved these species to a separate genus in 2006.
|Binomial name and author||Common name|
|Duttaphrynus atukoralei (Bogert & Senanayake, 1966)||Yala toad|
|Duttaphrynus beddomii (Günther, 1876)||Beddome's toad|
|Duttaphrynus brevirostris (Rao, 1937)||Kempholey toad|
|Duttaphrynus chandai Das, Chetia, Dutta, and Sengupta, 2013||Nagaland montane torrent toad|
|Duttaphrynus crocus (Wogan, Win, Thin, Lwin, Shein, Kyi & Tun, 2003)|
|Duttaphrynus dhufarensis (Parker, 1931)||Oman toad|
|Duttaphrynus himalayanus (Günther, 1864)||Himalayan broad-skulled toad|
|Duttaphrynus hololius (Günther, 1876)||Malaba toad|
|Duttaphrynus kotagamai (Fernando & Dayawansa, 1994)||Kotagama's dwarf toad|
|Duttaphrynus mamitensis (Mathew and Sen, 2009)||Mamit's toad|
|Duttaphrynus manipurensis (Mathew and Sen, 2009)||Mamit's toad|
|Duttaphrynus melanostictus (Schneider, 1799)||Asian common toad|
|Duttaphrynus microtympanum (Boulenger, 1882)||Small-eared toad|
|Duttaphrynus mizoramensis (Mathew and Sen, 2009)||Kolasib's toad|
|Duttaphrynus nagalandensis (Mathew and Sen, 2009)||Nagaland's toad|
|Duttaphrynus noellerti (Manamendra-Arachchi & Pethiyagoda, 1998)||Noellert's toad|
|Duttaphrynus olivaceus (Blanford, 1874)||Olive toad|
|Duttaphrynus parietalis (Boulenger, 1882)||Indian toad|
|Duttaphrynus scaber (Schneider, 1799)||Schneider's toad|
|Duttaphrynus silentvalleyensis (Pillai, 1981)||Silent Valley toad|
|Duttaphrynus stomaticus (Lütken, 1864)||Marbled toad|
|Duttaphrynus stuarti (Smith, 1929)||Stuart's toad|
|Duttaphrynus sumatranus (Peters, 1871)||Sumatra toad|
|Duttaphrynus totol (Ohler, 2010)|
|Duttaphrynus valhallae (Meade-Waldo, 1909)||Pulo Weh toad|
|Duttaphrynus wokhaensis (Mathew and Sen, 2009)||Wokha's toad|
- "Genus Duttaphrynus named after Dr. Sushil Kumar Dutta" (PDF).
- Qayyum, Abdul (2019). টাঙ্গুয়ার হাওর: জীববৈচিত্র্যের জীবন্ত মডেল (Tanguar Haor: Living Model of Biodiversity). Mohabritto (Issue 4), Dhaka
- "Amphibian Species of the World - Duttaphrynus Frost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes, Nussbaum, Lynch, Green, and Wheeler, 2006". research.amnh.org. Archived from the original on 2007-07-21. Retrieved 2008-06-16.
- Boulenger, G. A. (1890) Fauna of British India. Reptilia and Batrachia
- Frost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes, Nussbaum, Lynch, Green, and Wheeler, 2006: The Amphibian Tree of Life. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 297: 364-365
- Frost, Darrel R. 2007. Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 5.1 (10 October 2007). Duttaphrynus. Electronic Database accessible at https://web.archive.org/web/20071024033938/http://research.amnh.org/herpetology/amphibia/index.php. American Museum of Natural History, New York, USA. (Accessed: May 2, 2008).