1994 Dutch general election
General elections were held in the Netherlands on 3 May 1994. The Labour Party emerged as the largest party, winning 37 of the 150 seats in the House of Representatives. The election resulted in significant losses for both the Labour Party and the Christian Democratic Appeal. The two liberal parties, People's Party for Freedom and Democracy and Democrats 66 made large gains, whilst two pro-elderly parties and the Socialist Party all passed the electoral threshold to win seats.
All 150 seats in the House of Representatives
76 seats needed for a majority
This lists parties that won seats. See the complete results below.
The formation of a government coalition was arduous but after four months the First Kok cabinet was formed.
It was an unprecedented coalition of the two liberal parties and Labour. The CDA was consigned to opposition for the first time in its history. It was also the first government since 1918 not to include a Christian Democratic party.
|Christian Democratic Appeal||1,996,418||22.2||34||–20|
|People's Party for Freedom and Democracy||1,792,401||20.0||31||+9|
|General Elderly Alliance||326,401||3.6||6||New|
|Reformatory Political Federation||158,705||1.8||3||+2|
|Reformed Political Party||155,251||1.7||2||–1|
|Reformed Political League||119,158||1.3||2||0|
|Centre Party '86||32,327||0.4||0||New|
|Natural Law Party||27,665||0.3||0||New|
|Progressive Integration Party||17,230||0.2||0||New|
|New Communist Party of the Netherlands||11,630||0.1||0||New|
|Solidarity Farmers' Party||9,096||0.1||0||New|
|Party for Environment and Justice||8,716||0.1||0||New|
|Pacifist Socialist Party '92||7,385||0.1||0||New|
|The New Party||6,825||0.1||0||New|
|General Democratic Party||5,196||0.1||0||New|
|Patriotic Democratic Appeal||4,845||0.1||0||New|
|Socialist Alternative Politics||4,347||0.1||0||0|
|Source: Nohlen & Stöver, European Elections Database|
- Irwin, Galen A. "The Dutch Parliamentary Election of 1994," Electoral Studies (1995) 14#1 pp. 72–77