Durmitor (Serbian Cyrillic: Дурмитор, pronounced [durmǐtɔr] or [dǔrmitɔr]) is a massif located in northwestern Montenegro. It is part of the Dinaric Alps. Its highest peak, Bobotov Kuk, reaches a height of 2,523 meters (8,278 ft).
|Elevation||2,523 m (8,278 ft)|
|Parent range||Dinaric Alps|
The massif is limited by the Tara River Canyon on the north, the Piva River Canyon on the west, and by the Komarnica River Canyon on the south. To the east, the Durmitor opens to a 1,500 m (4,921 ft) high plateau, called Jezerska površ (Plateau of Lakes). The Sinjavina mountain is located to the east of the Jezerska površ plateau. The Durmitor is for the most part located in the Žabljak municipality.
The massif has 48 peaks above 2,000 meters (6,562 ft). Highest peaks are:
- Bobotov kuk 2,522 m (8,274 ft)
- Bezimeni vrh (Nameless Peak) 2,487 m (8,159 ft)
- Šljeme 2,455 m (8,054 ft)
- Istočni vrh Šljemena (East Peak of Sljeme) 2,445 m (8,022 ft)
- Soa / Đevojka 2,440 m (8,005 ft)
- Milošev tok 2,426 m (7,959 ft)
- Bandijerna 2,409 m (7,904 ft)
- Rbatina 2,401 m (7,877 ft)
- Lučin vrh 2,396 m (7,861 ft)
- Prutaš 2,393 m (7,851 ft)
- Minin bogaz 2,387 m (7,831 ft)
- Planinica 2,330 m (7,644 ft)
- Kobilja glava 2,321 m (7,615 ft)
- Savin Kuk 2,313 m (7,589 ft)
- Šupljika 2,310 m (7,579 ft)
Durmitor features 18 glacial lakes, scattered over mountain massif and Jezerska Površ plateau. The lakes add significantly to the beauty of the mountain, and have been nicknamed Gorske Oči, or "mountain eyes".
One of the theories of the name Durmitor is that it is derived from Balkan Romance-Vlach, meaning "sleeping place" (cognate with English dormitory). There are similarly named mountains such as Visitor (visător, "dreamer") and Cipitor (aţipitor, "sleeper") across former Yugoslavia.
However, the other theory and more probable one, is that the name was given by the Celts and the meaning would be anything from "water from the mountain" to "ridged mountain". Considering the duration of time that the ancient Celts spent around these part and the Tara river, its name being of Celtic origin, it is very possible that Durmitor is the name of same origin.
|UNESCO World Heritage Site|
|Inscription||1980 (4th session)|
|Area||32,100 ha (79,000 acres)|
Durmitor National Park, created in 1952, includes the massif of Durmitor, the canyons of Tara, Sušica and Draga rivers and the higher part of the canyon plateau Komarnica, covering an area of 390 square kilometers (150 sq mi). It is the largest protected area in Montenegro, and it was inscribed on the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites in 1980.
Durmitor mountain is the centre of Montenegrin mountain tourism. The tourist facilities are concentrated around the town of Žabljak. In winter, the main activities on Durmitor are skiing and snowboarding. In summer, the activities shift to hiking, mountaineering and recreational tourism. Water sports are also practiced in the area. One of the most prominent attractions of Durmitor mountain are 18 glacial lakes, the best known of which is the Black Lake.
- "Lakes - Durmitor". durmitorcg.org. Retrieved 27 October 2017.
- "Durmitor National Park". whc.unesco.org. Retrieved 27 October 2017.
- Room Adrian (2004) "Placenames of the World: Origins and Meanings of the Names for Over 5000 Natural Features" ISBN 0-7864-1814-1 pg. 112
- "Durmitor National Park". nationalgeographic.com. Retrieved 27 October 2017.
- "Durmitur National Park Montenegro" (PDF). unep-wcmc.org. Archived from the original (PDF) on 14 January 2009. Retrieved 27 October 2017.
- "Black Lake". lonelyplanet.com. Retrieved 27 October 2017.
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