Durmenach

Durmenach (German: Dürmenach) is a commune in the Haut-Rhin department in Alsace in north-eastern France.

Durmenach
The town hall in Durmenach
The town hall in Durmenach
Coat of arms of Durmenach
Coat of arms
Location of Durmenach
Durmenach is located in France
Durmenach
Durmenach
Durmenach is located in Grand Est
Durmenach
Durmenach
Coordinates: 47°31′40″N 7°20′20″E / 47.5278°N 7.3389°E / 47.5278; 7.3389Coordinates: 47°31′40″N 7°20′20″E / 47.5278°N 7.3389°E / 47.5278; 7.3389
CountryFrance
RegionGrand Est
DepartmentHaut-Rhin
ArrondissementAltkirch
CantonAltkirch
Government
 • Mayor (2020–2026) Dominique Springinsfeld[1]
Area
1
5.76 km2 (2.22 sq mi)
Population
 (Jan. 2018)[2]
832
 • Density140/km2 (370/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
68075 /68480
Elevation360–461 m (1,181–1,512 ft)
(avg. 365 m or 1,198 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Durmenach is a charming and typical little village located in the South of the region Alsace. It is one of the 120 villages that composes the Sundgau.

HistoryEdit

With the Treaty of Westphalia in 1648, Habsburg domination ceased and Durmenach became French.

The village was an important Jewish settlement in the 15th century. Most of the houses in the centre were built by Jewish families between the 16th and 18th centuries.[3]

In 1826, the Jews still lived in 66 different houses. Durmenach still had 650 Jews out of 1,000 inhabitants at that time.

In 1846, the Jewish population represented more than 56% of village.

On February 29, 1848, the last antisemitic pogrom in France took place and it happened in the village and its surroundings.[4] It is also called Juden Rumpel or Judenrumpell. 75 Jewish houses were burned. An odonym (Rue du 29-Février) commemorates this event.

After 1940, most Jews had left or been deported and did not return after the Liberation.

The Jewish cemetery of Durmenach dates from the end of the 18th century[5] and at the time contained a thousand tombs, 300 of which are still visible.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Répertoire national des élus: les maires". data.gouv.fr, Plateforme ouverte des données publiques françaises (in French). 2 December 2020.
  2. ^ "Populations légales 2018". INSEE. 28 December 2020.
  3. ^ http://judaisme.sdv.fr/synagog/hautrhin/a-f/durmenac.htm
  4. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-11-13. Retrieved 2018-07-06.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  5. ^ Base Mérimée: Cimetière de juifs, Ministère français de la Culture. (in French)