Durga Prasad Dhar, commonly known as D. P. Dhar (1918–1975), was a Kashmiri politician and an Indian diplomat, who is a considered a chief architect of the Indian intervention in the 1971 Bangladesh Liberation War. Dhar was a close adviser and confidant of Indira Gandhi. He served as the Ambassador of India to the Soviet Union, and as a minister in the Government of Jammu and Kashmir as well as the Government of India.
Durga Prasad Dhar
|Ambassador to the Soviet Union|
|Preceded by||Kewal Singh|
|Succeeded by||K.S. Shelvankar|
|Ambassador of India to Soviet Union|
|Preceded by||K.S. Shelvankar|
|Succeeded by||Inder Kumar Gujral|
|Born||10 May 1918|
|Died||12 June 1975(aged 57)|
|Alma mater||University of Lucknow, University of Punjab|
|Occupation||Diplomat, Ambassador of India to Soviet Union|
Early life and educationEdit
D. P. Dhar studied at Tyandale Biscoe School He earned his bachelor's degree from the University of Punjab and went on to complete his LLB from the University of Lucknow.
Dhar joined the Quit Kashmir movement in 1946, which was led by Sheikh Abdullah against Maharaja Hari Singh of Kashmir. He is reported to have played a key role in assisting the Indian Army during the Indo-Pakistani War of 1947. He helped the Indian officers interact with the population and collect porters, mules and other kinds of administrative help which facilitated the soldiers' job.
Dhar was subsequently appointed the Home Secretary and then the Deputy Home Minister of Jammu and Kashmir in 1948, when Sheikh Abdullah was the Prime Minister. He was a Member of the Jammu and Kashmir State Constituent Assembly from 1951 to 1957 which endorsed Kashmir's accession to India. He was also a Member of the State Assembly from 1957 to 1967, and was appointed Cabinet Minister, in-charge of various portfolios. He was later elected to the Rajya Sabha from Jammu and Kashmir in 1972. He was appointed as the Union Minister for Planning in July, 1972.
Dhar was a close associate of Indira Gandhi and was instrumental in finalising the 1972 Indo-Bangladesh treaty of peace, friendship and co-operation. He became one of the closest confidants of the Nehru-Gandhi family and also played a significant role in the 1972 Simla agreement between India and Pakistan.
Dhar was a member of the Indian delegation to the United Nations security council meeting in 1949 and the Indian delegation to United Nations General Assembly in the Paris Session of 1952. He was the ambassador of India to the Soviet Union between 1969-1971 and then again from 1975 till his death.
He negotiated the 1971 Indo-Soviet Treaty of Friendship and Cooperation and was a principal architect of India's military intervention in neighbouring East Pakistan's civil war, which led to the creation of independent Bangladesh.
The D.P. Dhar Hall at Embassy of India in Moscow is named in his honour.
D.P. Dhar died of a heart attack on 12 June 1975.
In 2012, Bangladesh president Zillur Rahman conferred the Liberation War Friendship Honour (posthumous) to Durga Prasad Dhar in recognition of his pioneering role in concluding the 1971 Indo-Soviet Friendship Treaty, mobilising international support in favour of Bangladesh and playing a special role in support of the Liberation War. Vijay Dhar, son of D.P. Dhar received the honour on his behalf in Dhaka.
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- ^ "Durga Prasad Dhar, 57 Dead; Cemented Indian Ties to Soviet". The New York Times. June 13, 1975.
- ^ Issue 02, Vol 02 (19 March 2012). "Durga Prasad Dhar". kashimrlife.net. Retrieved 31 July 2012.
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- ^ untitled. Time. June 23, 1975.
- ^ Srreenivasan, T. P. (31 December 2016). "How India, Pak came close to settle border". Deccan Herald, 2016
- ^ Online, The Hindu (27 March 2012). "D.P. Dhar honoured in Bangladesh". The Hindu.
- ^ Bangladesh, Sangbad Sanstha. "Bangladesh honours Indian who shaped things in 1971". bssnews.net. Archived from the original on 13 March 2014. Retrieved 31 July 2012.