Durdhara was the first queen of the Maurya Empire and wife of Chandragupta Maurya, the founder of the 4th-century BCE Maurya Empire of ancient India, according to the 12th century CE Jain text Parishishtaparvan by Hemachandra.[1] She is stated by this text to be the mother of the second Mauryan emperor, Bindusara also known as Amitraghāta.[2]

BornPaataliputra[citation needed]
SpouseChandragupta Maurya
IssueBindusara (Jain tradition)
FatherMahapadma Nanda

Nothing is mentioned or known about Durdhara outside of this legend written 1,600 years after Chandragupta's era. Other sources, such as the Burmese Buddhist records do not corroborate the Jain legend.[1] Megasthenes, the Greek ambassador in the final years of Chandragupta's court, does not mention Durdhara nor use the name Bindusara, but refers to Chandragupta's successor as Amitrochates, while the Hindu scholar Patanjali calls him Amitraghata (meaning "vanquisher of foes").[3][4] Scholars consider the Bindusara of Jain texts to be the same as Amitraghata.[4]

In popular cultureEdit


  • Mookerji, Radha Kumud (1988) [first published in 1966], Chandragupta Maurya and His Times (4th ed.), Motilal Banarsidass, ISBN 81-208-0433-3


  1. ^ a b KAN Sastri (1988). Age of the Nandas and Mauryas. Motilal Banarsidass. pp. 159, 165. ISBN 978-81-208-0466-1.
  2. ^ Mookerji 1988, p. 234.
  3. ^ Etienne Lamotte (1988). History of Indian Buddhism: From the Origins to the Saka Era. Université catholique de Louvain, Institut orientaliste. p. 222. ISBN 978-90-6831-100-6.
  4. ^ a b Paul J. Kosmin (2014). The Land of the Elephant Kings. Harvard University Press. pp. 34–35, 267. ISBN 978-0-674-72882-0.