Durazno Department

Durazno (Spanish pronunciation: [duˈɾahno]) is a department of Uruguay. Its capital is Durazno. Its name means "peach" in Spanish, referring to the department's peaches and its status as an agricultural breadbasket.[citation needed] It is located in the centre of the country, and is bounded to the north by the Río Negro and the Río Yi to the South. To its north are the departments of Río Negro and Tacuarembó, to it southeast the departments of Treinta y Tres, to its south the departments of Flores and Florida, while on its east is the department of Cerro Largo.

Durazno Department
Flag of Durazno Department
Flag
Coat of arms of Durazno Department
Coat of arms
Durazno Department is located in Uruguay
Durazno Department
Location of Durazno Department and its capital
Coordinates (Durazno): 33°22′S 56°31′W / 33.367°S 56.517°W / -33.367; -56.517
Country Uruguay
Capital of DepartmentDurazno
Government
 • IntendantCarmelo Vidalín[1]
 • Ruling partyPartido Nacional
Area
 • Total11,643 km2 (4,495 sq mi)
Population
 (2011 census)
 • Total57,088
 • Density4.9/km2 (13/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Duraznense
Time zoneUTC-3 (UYT)
ISO 3166 codeUY-DU
Websitedurazno.gub.uy
The Yí River in Durazno Department

HistoryEdit

 
Rivera's house in Durazno, now a museum

In 1827, while the territory was under Portuguese dominion, the Portuguese asked their ally, General Fructuoso Rivera to establish a military body of cavalry and artillery in the area of Paso del Durazno on the banks of Río Yi. For this, the town of San Pedro del Durazno was founded, named after the regent of Brazil. In 1828 the department named "Entre Ríos Yí y Negro" was formed, which was soon after renamed to Durazno. When the First Constitution of Uruguay was signed in 1830, Durazno was one of the nine original departments of the Republic.

Population and DemographicsEdit

Ethnic groups in Durazno (2011 est.)[2]
Ethnic groups Percent
White
92.0%
Black
6.2%
Indigenous
3.7%
Asian
0.2%
None/Other/Unspecified
2.0%

As of the census of 2011, Durazno Department had a population of 57,088 (28,216 male and 28,872 female) and 23,023 households.[3]

Demographic data for Florida Department in 2010:

  • Population growth rate: 0.696%
  • Birth Rate: 15.62 births/1,000 people
  • Death Rate: 8.08 deaths/1,000 people
  • Average age: 31.3 (30.6 male, 32.1 female)
  • Life Expectancy at Birth:
    • Total population: 78.24 years
    • Male: 74.34 years
    • Female: 82.12 years
  • Average per household income: 21,515 pesos/month
  • Urban per capita income: 7,934 pesos/month

2010 Data Source:[4]

Main Urban Centres Other towns and villages
Population stated according to the 2011 census.[5]
City / Town Population
Durazno 34,368
Sarandí del Yí 7,176
Villa del Carmen 2,692
La Paloma 1,443
Centenario 1,136
Cerro Chato 1,124
Santa Bernardina 1,094
Blanquillo 1,084
Town / Village Population
Carlos Reyles 976
San Jorge 502
Baygorria 161
Rural population

According to the 2011 census, Durazno department has a rural population of 4,951.[3]

EconomyEdit

The economy of Durazno largely depends on agriculture and agrotourism. The raising of sheep, and of cattle, both dairy and for beef are of great importance. The Rural Society of Durazno groups together many of the landowning businesses in the department.

In the 1930s the Government of Gabriel Terra undertook considerable hydroelectric development in the department.

Map of the departmentEdit

 
Topographic map of Durazno Department showing main populated places and roads

Noted local individualsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Vidalín marca un hito y logra su tercer gobierno". elpais.com.uy (in Spanish). Retrieved 29 November 2017.
  2. ^ "Población por sexo y ascendencia étnico racial, según departamento" (in Spanish). National Institute of Statistics. Archived from the original on 30 November 2020.
  3. ^ a b "Censos 2011 Durazno (needs flash plugin)". INE. 2012. Retrieved 31 August 2012.
  4. ^ "Uruguay en cifras" (PDF) (in Spanish). INE. 2011. Archived from the original (PDF) on 13 November 2012. Retrieved 25 October 2012.
  5. ^ "Censos 2011 Cuadros Durazno". INE. 2012. Archived from the original on 10 October 2012. Retrieved 25 August 2012.

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 33°3′0″S 56°0′0″W / 33.05000°S 56.00000°W / -33.05000; -56.00000