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Dundalk ( // DUN-dawk or // DUN-dok) is an unincorporated community and census-designated place in Baltimore County, Maryland, United States. The population was 63,597 at the 2010 census. In 1960 and 1970, Dundalk was the largest unincorporated community in Maryland. It was named after the town of Dundalk, Ireland. Dundalk is considered one of the first inner-ring suburbs of Baltimore.
The Dundalk Shopping Center, in May 2006.
|• Total||45.0 km2 (17.4 sq mi)|
|• Land||33.8 km2 (13.1 sq mi)|
|• Water||11.2 km2 (4.3 sq mi)|
|Elevation||5 m (16 ft)|
|• Density||1,400/km2 (3,700/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC-5 (EST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-4 (EDT)|
|Area code(s)||410 and 443|
|GNIS feature ID||0590117|
In 1856 Henry McShane, an immigrant from Ireland, established the McShane Bell Foundry on the banks of the Patapsco River in the then far southeastern outskirts of Baltimore. The foundry later relocated to the Patterson Park area of Baltimore until a fire during the 1940s caused it to move to 201 East Federal Street. In addition to bronze bells, the foundry once manufactured cast iron pipes and furnace fittings. When asked by the Baltimore and Sparrows Point Railroad for a name of a depot for the foundry, which was on their rail line, McShane wrote Dundalk, after the town of his birth, Dundalk, Ireland. In 1977 the foundry moved to its current location in Glen Burnie.
In 1916 the Bethlehem Steel Company purchased 1,000 acres (4.0 km2) of farmland, near the McShane foundry, to develop housing for its shipyard workers. The Dundalk Company was formed to plan a town in the new style, similar to that of the Roland Park area of Baltimore, excluding businesses except at specific spots and leaving land for future development of schools, playing fields, and parks. By 1917 Dundalk proper was founded, at which point it had 62 houses, two stores, a post office, and a telephone exchange. Streets were laid out in a pedestrian-friendly open grid, with monikers like "Shipway", "Northship", "Flagship", and "Admiral". The two-story houses had steeply pitched roofs and stucco exteriors. As the demand for steel increased rapidly during World War 1, white workers streamed into Dundalk, pushing black workers into a small community nearby named Turner Station. Turner Station expanded even more during World War II as demand for steel increased even more.
Dundalk was once known as a "Little Appalachia" or a "hillbilly ghetto." Before, during, and after World War II many Appalachian migrants settled in the Baltimore area, including Dundalk. Appalachian people who migrated to Dundalk were largely economic migrants who came looking for work.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 17.4 square miles (45.0 km2), of which 13.1 square miles (33.8 km2) is land and 4.3 square miles (11.2 km2), or 24.84%, is water.
Most of Dundalk is flat and very near sea level, with a few small hills close to the city of Baltimore to the west. Dundalk is part of the Atlantic Coastal Plain. Elevations range from sea level on the shore of the Chesapeake Bay to approximately 40 feet (12 m) above sea level along the northern reaches of Dundalk Avenue and North Point Boulevard.
Bread and Cheese Creek is a tributary of the Back River in Dundalk. The creek is 8.5 miles (13.7 km) long, with headwaters in Baltimore City. It flows through Dundalk before emptying into the Back River, which flows into the Chesapeake Bay. The watershed area of the creek is 1.85 square miles (4.8 km2).
There were 24,772 households out of which 29.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.5% were married couples living together, 16.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.5% were non-families. 26.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 2.98.
In the CDP, the population was spread out with 23.9% under the age of 18, 7.4% from 18 to 24, 28.4% from 25 to 44, 22.6% from 45 to 64, and 17.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 91.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.4 males.
The median income for a household in the CDP was $39,789, and the median income for a family was $46,035. Males had a median income of $36,512 versus $25,964 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $18,543. About 6.6% of families and 9.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.3% of those under age 18 and 6.9% of those age 65 or over.
Some of the major roads in the Dundalk area are:
- Dundalk Avenue
- Eastern Avenue
- Holabird Avenue
- Merritt Boulevard
- North Point Boulevard
- Sollers Point Road
- Wise Avenue
Public transportation between Sparrows Point, Dundalk and Baltimore City was operated by the United Railways and Electric Company's (later the Baltimore Transit Company) #26 streetcar line which ran down the middle of Dundalk Avenue until August 1958. Until the early 1950s, the line carried the famous "Red Rocket" streetcars which were two and three car trains of wooden trolleys. During World War II's rush hours on the line, trains operated on a 30-second headway.
Today, public transportation is provided by the Maryland Transit Administration. MTA lines that serve the area are CityLink Blue, CityLink Navy, CityLink Orange, LocalLink 59, LocalLink 62, LocalLink 63 and LocalLink 65.
For primary and secondary education Dundalk is served by the Baltimore County Public Schools system, with Dundalk High School, Patapsco High School, and Sparrows Point High School being the major high schools to serve the area. Dundalk is also home to Sollers Point Technical High School, one of the only high schools in the country to hold an ISO 9001 certification.
Dundalk is under jurisdiction of Baltimore County Police Department, North Point (Precinct 12), which is located at 428 Westham Way.
There are multiple fire stations serving within the Dundalk area.
- Dundalk Station 6
- Eastview Station 15
- Edgemere Station 9
- Sparrows Point Station 57
- North Point-Edgemere Vol. Station 26
- Wise Avenue Vol. Station 27
- Dundalk Renaissance Corporation (nonprofit community development corporation)
- Living With Grace (nonprofit that helps senior women on fixed income to obtain needed medical supplies)
- "Nasty" Ashley Stationwagon driver, sports writer and radio talk show host, radio station owner
- Joshua Barney, United States Navy commodore during the Revolutionary War and the War of 1812
- Mike Bielecki, former Major League Baseball pitcher
- Kevin Clash, native and resident of Dundalk's Turner Station neighborhood; performs Elmo and other Muppet characters
- Robert Curbeam, native of Turner Station neighborhood, NASA astronaut
- Ron Franklin, jockey who won the Kentucky Derby and Preakness Stakes aboard Spectacular Bid in 1979
- Rudy Gay, resident of Turner Station neighborhood; NBA player, former UConn and Archbishop Spaulding star
- Wild Bill Hagy, notable Baltimore Orioles fan
- Calvin Hill, resident of Turner Station neighborhood; NFL running back, father of NBA star Grant Hill
- Jim Jagielski, open-source founder and software engineer
- Dave Johnson, former Major League Baseball pitcher
- Henrietta Lacks, resident of Turner Station neighborhood; source of the HeLa cell line
- Bucky Lasek, professional skateboarder and race car driver
- Tom Maxwell, guitarist/songwriter for rock band Hellyeah
- Greg Ottensmeyer, telecommunications pioneer.
- Douglas Purviance, Turner Station native, Grammy-winning jazz trombonist
- Gina Schock, drummer for The Go-Go's
- Tony Sweet, nature photographer, jazz musician
- Jessica Williams, jazz pianist.
- Danny Wiseman, professional bowler with 12 PBA titles including the 2004 USBC Masters
- Bernie Wrightson, illustrator, known for his horror illustrations and comic books
This article includes a list of references, but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. (December 2008) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
- "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): Dundalk CDP, Maryland". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved February 22, 2012.
- McShane Bell Foundry Business Ledger Vol I (1856)
- "Turner Station". Unexpected Dundalk. Dundalk Renaissance Corporation. Retrieved 1 March 2018.
- Newby, Tim (2015). Bluegrass in Baltimore: The Hard Drivin' Sound and Its Legacy. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland & Company, Inc. p. 19. ISBN 9781476619521.
- National Park Service (2008-04-15). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
- "Census of Population and Housing". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2009-01-28.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- Helton, Gary (3 April 2018). "Baltimore's Streetcars and Buses". Arcadia Publishing. Retrieved 3 April 2018 – via Google Books.
- "la84foundation.org" (PDF). Retrieved 3 April 2018.
- Behind the Music: Turner Station's Douglas Purviance is a Part of History, Makes History | Dundalk, MD Patch Retrieved 2014-10-23.
- Dundalk remembers during Women’s History Month Dundalk Eagle, Retrieved 2014-10-23.
- "Kevin Cowherd: Dundalk's Danny Wiseman bowls his way into Hall of Fame". Retrieved 3 April 2018.
- Bernie Wrightson, illustrator - Baltimore Sun Retrieved 2014-10-23.
- Neidt, C. (2006). Gentrification and grassroots: Popular support in the revanchist suburb. Journal of Urban Affairs, Vol. 28, No. 2, 99–120.
- Reutter, M. (2004). Making Steel: Sparrows Point and the Rise and Ruin of American Industrial Might. Urbana and Chicago: University of Illinois Press.
- Rudacille, Deborah (2010). Roots of Steel: Boom and Bust in an American Mill Town. Pantheon. ISBN 978-0-375-42368-0
- Vicino, Thomas, J. (2008). Transforming Race and Class in Suburbia: Decline in Metropolitan Baltimore. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.