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Dumfries railway station serves the town of Dumfries in Dumfries and Galloway, Scotland. It is located on the Glasgow South Western Line and is managed by Abellio ScotRail who provide nearly all passenger train services. It is staffed on a part-time basis throughout the week. Train services are provided by Abellio ScotRail and Northern (train operating company)

Dumfries National Rail
Scottish Gaelic: Dùn Phris[1]
Station with station hotel behind
Local authorityDumfries and Galloway
Coordinates55°04′22″N 3°36′16″W / 55.0728°N 3.6045°W / 55.0728; -3.6045Coordinates: 55°04′22″N 3°36′16″W / 55.0728°N 3.6045°W / 55.0728; -3.6045
Grid referenceNX976765
Station codeDMF
Managed byAbellio ScotRail
Number of platforms2
Live arrivals/departures, station information and onward connections
from National Rail Enquiries
Annual rail passenger usage*
2013/14Increase 0.369 million
– Interchange Increase 85
2014/15Increase 0.381 million
– Interchange Decrease 83
2015/16Decrease 0.361 million
– Interchange Decrease 80
2016/17Increase 0.362 million
– Interchange Increase 83
2017/18Increase 0.382 million
– Interchange Increase 321
1850Line to Glasgow opened
Listed status
Listing gradeCategory B
Entry numberLB26343[2]
Added to list06 March 1981
National RailUK railway stations
* Annual estimated passenger usage based on sales of tickets in stated financial year(s) which end or originate at Dumfries from Office of Rail and Road statistics. Methodology may vary year on year.



Opened by the Glasgow, Dumfries and Carlisle Railway in 1848, the line serving it was extended northwards to Kilmarnock and Glasgow two years later (the GD&CR became part of the Glasgow and South Western Railway at the same time). It subsequently became the junction for branches to Castle Douglas and Stranraer (opened between 1859 and 1861), Lockerbie (opened in 1863 and taken over in 1865 by the Caledonian Railway) and latterly to Moniaive (Cairn Valley Railway, opened in 1905). All of these later lines have now closed (the Port Road to Stranraer being the last to go in June 1965), leaving only the original G&SWR main line open to serve the town. The Beeching Axe cutting the Castle Douglas and Dumfries Railway and Portpatrick and Wigtownshire Railway has resulted in adverse mileage to connect Stranraer with a longer line via Kilmarnock and Ayr. The journey by railway and ferry via Stranraer to Larne Harbour or since the line closed to the Port of Belfast is much longer.

Historic Scotland have designated the station and separately the adjacent station hotel as category B listed buildings.[2][3]

Carnation built an evaporated milk factory in Dumfries that opened in 1935, eventually constructing three units producing tin cans, evaporated milk and latterly Coffeemate. The original factory had private siding access to the station's good yard, which gave access for milk trains to the facility, in both delivering raw product as well as distribution to London. Milk trains stopped in the mid-1970s. The United States parent company was bought by Nestle in 1985, after which a decline in the facility began. CoffeeMate production ceased in 2000, after which the site was fully redeveloped as an industrial estate.[4]

In fictionEdit

The station features in the novel The Thirty-Nine Steps (1915) by John Buchan. Richard Hannay, fleeing from German secret agents, travels from London St Pancras to Galloway, changing trains at Dumfries. In 1939, T.S. Eliot included Dumfries in his Old Possum's Book of Practical Cats. Skimbleshanks, the Railway Cat, speaks with the police at Dumfries Station during the night.



The service from the station is somewhat infrequent with trains running to different patterns during the day, these are as follows:

Mon-Fri, there is a 2 hourly service (with a few peak time extras) to Carlisle (3 extend to Newcastle via Hexham) and a mostly 2 hourly service to Kilmarnock and Glasgow Central (there is a 3-hour gap in the morning).[5]

From December 2017, an almost hourly Monday - Friday service was introduced between Dumfries and Carlisle, along with additional services to Glasgow.[6]

From the May 2018 timetable change there were changes to services that go beyond Carlisle, Train services to Newcastle were reduced from 5 trains per day to just 1 train per day and will be operated by Northern with ScotRail services terminating at Carlisle however passengers can still change at Carlisle for connection trains to Hexham and Newcastle. On Saturdays, there is a full hourly service to Carlisle and a mostly 2-hourly service to Glasgow.

On Sundays, there is a limited service of 5 trains per day to Carlisle and just 2 to Glasgow.


1 train a day to Newcastle via Carlisle and Hexham with 1 train per day from Carlisle. There is no Sunday service ran by Northern or services beyond Carlisle.


Racks, Ruthwell and Cummertrees stations once existed between Dumfries and Annan.

Preceding station   National Rail Following station
Annan   Abellio ScotRail
Glasgow South Western Line






  1. ^ Brailsford, Martyn, ed. (December 2017) [1987]. "Gaelic/English Station Index". Railway Track Diagrams 1: Scotland & Isle of Man (6th ed.). Frome: Trackmaps. ISBN 978-0-9549866-9-8.
  2. ^ a b "Station Road, Dumfries Station, Including Platforms, Lamp Standards, Footbridge, Signal Box, Chargeman's Hut, Railings, Gates and Gatepiers". Historic Scotland. Retrieved 17 March 2019.
  3. ^ "Station Road, Station Hotel and Retaining Wall and Railings". Historic Scotland. Retrieved 17 March 2019.
  4. ^ "Dumfries". John & Morag Williams. Retrieved 25 January 2012.
  5. ^ Table 216 National Rail timetable, May 2016
  6. ^ Table 216 National Rail timetable, December 2017


  • Butt, R. V. J. (1995). The Directory of Railway Stations: details every public and private passenger station, halt, platform and stopping place, past and present (1st ed.). Sparkford: Patrick Stephens Ltd. ISBN 978-1-85260-508-7. OCLC 60251199.

External linksEdit