Duke of Suffolk

Duke of Suffolk is a title that has been created three times in the peerage of England.

The dukedom was first created for William de la Pole, who had already been elevated to the ranks of earl and marquess, and was a powerful figure under Henry VI.

Dukedom of Suffolk
Coronet of a British Duke.svg
Coat of Arms of William de la Pole, 1st Duke of Suffolk.svg
Coat of arms Duke of Suffolk [1]
Creation date(1448-05-12)12 May 1448
Creationfirst Creation (1448)
second Creation (1514)
third Creation (1551)
MonarchHenry VI
PeeragePeerage of England
First holderWilliam de la Pole
Present holderExtinct
Heir apparentnone
Remainder tothe 1st Duke's heirs male of the body lawfully begotten
Subsidiary titlesMarquess of Dorset
Marquess of Suffolk
Earl of Suffolk
Extinction date1554
MottoNous Maintiendrons
("We will maintain")[citation needed]
Wingfield Castle in Suffolk in 1827. It was the seat of Sir John de Wingfield (d. circa 1361), chief administrator to Edward the Black Prince (1330-1376), whose daughter and heiress Catherine Wingfield married Michael de la Pole, seated at Wingfield Castle and in 1385 created Earl of Suffolk.
WingfieldArms.png
His descendants quartered the arms of Wingfield: Argent, on a bend gules three wings conjoined in lure of the field

The second creation was for Charles Brandon, a favourite of Henry VIII; his two sons successively inherited the title, but left no more heirs.

The third creation of the dukedom of Suffolk was for Henry Grey, 3rd Marquess of Dorset, in 1551. The duke also held the title Baron Ferrers of Groby (1300). These titles became forfeit when the duke was attainted in 1554.

Earls of Suffolk (1385)Edit

 
Arms of De la Pole: Azure, a fess between three leopard's faces or

Marquesses of Suffolk (1444)Edit

Subsidiary titles: Earl of Suffolk (1385), Earl of Pembroke (1447)

Dukes of Suffolk, first Creation (1448)Edit

Subsidiary titles: Marquess of Suffolk (1444), Earl of Suffolk (1385), Earl of Pembroke (1447)

Dukes of Suffolk, second Creation (1514)Edit

 
Arms of Brandon: Barry of ten argent and gules, a lion rampant or ducally crowned per pale of the first and second

Dukes of Suffolk, third Creation (1551)Edit

Subsidiary titles: Marquess of Dorset (1475), Baron Ferrers of Groby (1300), Baron Harington (1324), Baron Bonville (1449)
  • Henry Grey, 1st Duke of Suffolk, 3rd Marquess of Dorset (1517–1554), married to a daughter of the Charles Brandon the previous first Duke of the second creation. He was notable as the father of Lady Jane Grey (de facto Queen of England for nine days). After his attempt to place his daughter on the throne failed, he was pardoned, but after his participation in Wyatt's Rebellion Mary I had him executed for treason in February 1554. His honours were forfeit although, in any case, he had no male issue who would have inherited.

Grey armsEdit

There were no further creations of the dukedom. The earldom of Suffolk was re-created in 1603 for a cadet branch of the Howard family.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Debrett's Peerage, 1968, p.355