Duke Wilhelm in Bavaria

Duke Wilhelm in Bavaria,[1][2] full German name: Wilhelm, Herzog in Bayern (born 10 November 1752 in Gelnhausen, Palatinate-Birkenfeld-Gelnhausen;[1][2] died 8 January 1837 in Landshut or Bamberg, Kingdom of Bavaria[1][2]) was Count Palatine of Birkenfeld-Gelnhausen between 1789 and 1799 and first Duke in Bavaria from 16 February 1799 until his death in 1837. From 17 December 1803 to 20 March 1806, Wilhelm was titled Duke of Berg. Wilhelm was a great-grandfather of Empress Elisabeth of Austria through his son Duke Pius August in Bavaria.

Count Palatine of Birkenfeld-Gelnhausen
Wilhelm in Bayern.jpg
Born(1752-11-10)10 November 1752
Gelnhausen, Palatinate-Birkenfeld-Gelnhausen
Died8 January 1837(1837-01-08) (aged 84)
Landshut or Bamberg, Kingdom of Bavaria
SpouseCountess Palatine Maria Anna of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld
IssueMaria Elisabeth, Princess of Neûchatel
Duke Pius August
HouseHouse of Wittelsbach
FatherJohn, Count Palatine of Gelnhausen
MotherWildgravine and Rhinegravine Sophie Charlotte of Salm-Dhaun

Early lifeEdit

Wilhelm was born on 10 November 1752 in Gelnhausen to John, Count Palatine of Gelnhausen and his wife Wild- and Rhinegravine Sophie Charlotte of Salm-Dhaun.[2] In 1778, Wilhelm became an honorary member of the Bavarian Academy of Sciences and Humanities.[1]

Marriage and issueEdit

Wilhelm married Countess Palatine Maria Anna of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld, sister of the first King of Bavaria Maximilian I, daughter of Frederick Michael, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken and his wife Countess Palatine Maria Franziska of Sulzbach, on 30 January 1780 in Mannheim.[2] Wilhelm and Maria Anna had two children:[2]

Duke in BavariaEdit

On 16 February 1799, the head of the House of Wittelsbach Charles Theodore, Elector of Bavaria died. At the time there were two surviving branches of the Wittelsbach family: Zweibrücken (headed by Duke Maximilian Joseph) and Birkenfeld (headed by Count Palatine Wilhelm). Maximilian Joseph inherited Charles Theodor's title of Elector of Bavaria, while Wilhelm was compensated with the title of Duke in Bavaria. The form Duke in Bavaria was selected because in 1506 primogeniture had been established in the House of Wittelsbach resulting in there being only one Duke of Bavaria at any given time.


Wilhelm was interred at the family burial crypt of the Dukes in Bavaria at Tegernsee Abbey.



  1. ^ a b c d Bavarian Academy of Sciences and Humanities. "Ehrenmitglieder". Bayerische Akademie der Wissenschaften. Retrieved 2009-07-06. External link in |publisher= (help)CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i Geneall. "Wilhelm, Herzog in Bayern". Geneall. Retrieved 2009-07-06. External link in |publisher= (help)CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  3. ^ Genealogie ascendante jusqu'au quatrieme degre inclusivement de tous les Rois et Princes de maisons souveraines de l'Europe actuellement vivans [Genealogy up to the fourth degree inclusive of all the Kings and Princes of sovereign houses of Europe currently living] (in French). Bourdeaux: Frederic Guillaume Birnstiel. 1768. p. 95.
Duke Wilhelm in Bavaria
Cadet branch of the House of Wittelsbach
Born: 10 November 1752 Died: 8 January 1837
German nobility
Preceded by
Charles John Louis
Count Palatine of Birkenfeld-Gelnhausen
31 March 1789 – 16 February 1799
Succeeded by